Pharma Cpd December 2018

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 691

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Pharma Cpd December 2018


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Contact Lens Prescribing Trends: Annual Survery According to the Survey, the average age of new contact lens wearers at the time of fitting was closest to…?  
    • A. 

      8 years

    • B. 

      17 years

    • C. 

      32 years

    • D. 

      40 years

  • 2. 
    Contact Lens Prescribing Trends: Annual Survery According to the Survey, what percentage of new contact lens fits was attributed to females?  
    • A. 

      23%

    • B. 

      69%

    • C. 

      71%

    • D. 

      81%

  • 3. 
    Contact Lens Prescribing Trends: Annual Survery According to the Survey, what percentage of new contact lens fits was attributed to a silicone hydrogel material?  
    • A. 

      23%

    • B. 

      69%

    • C. 

      71%

    • D. 

      81%

  • 4. 
    Contact Lens Prescribing Trends: Annual Survery According to the Survey, what percentage of new contact lens fits was attributed to toric lens design?  
    • A. 

      23%

    • B. 

      69%

    • C. 

      71%

    • D. 

      81%

  • 5. 
    Contact Lens Prescribing Trends: Annual Survery According to the Survey, what percentage of all soft contact lens fits was attributed to a daily replacement modality?  
    • A. 

      34%

    • B. 

      62%

    • C. 

      78%

    • D. 

      87%

  • 6. 
    Can Novatears Solubolise Meibum? Which of the following is NOT considered to be a risk factor for poor functioning or atrophied meibomian glands?  
    • A. 

      Use of computers/digital devices

    • B. 

      High relative humidity

    • C. 

      Contact lens wear

    • D. 

      Auto-immune disease

  • 7. 
    Can Novatears Solubolise Meibum? According to the article, what percentage of dry eye sufferers demonstrate meibomian gland dysfunction?  
    • A. 

      86%

    • B. 

      66%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      33%

  • 8. 
    Can Novatears Solubolise Meibum? Which of the following would NOT be a suitable treatment option for a patient who needs to achieve good meibum consistency and healthier meibum?  
    • A. 

      Topical steroids

    • B. 

      Oral antibiotics

    • C. 

      Topical antihistamine/mast cell stabilising agents

    • D. 

      IPL

  • 9. 
     Can Novatears Solubolise Meibum? Which of the following statements regarding Novatears is TRUE?  
    • A. 

      It contains Perfluorohexyloctane (EyeSolTM), a clear semifluorinated alkane, which has physically and chemically inert properties

    • B. 

      It is now available unrestricted on the PBS

    • C. 

      It is available in a 3ml bottle with a similar droplet size to water and can be used up until six months after opening

    • D. 

      It has a different refractive index to water, no aqueous properties and so remains completely preservative-free

  • 10. 
    Topical Immunomodulators According to the article, which of the following is NOT considered to be a serious complication of chronic topical corticosteroid use?  
    • A. 

      Cataract formation

    • B. 

      Retinal haemorrhages

    • C. 

      Intraocular pressure rise

    • D. 

      Secondary infection

  • 11. 
    Topical Immunomodulators Other than Lifitegrast, which is the only other commercialised molecule used to specifically target inflammation associated with dry eye disease without the side effects associated with corticosteroids?  
    • A. 

      Olopatidine

    • B. 

      Doxycycline

    • C. 

      Vitamin A

    • D. 

      Cyclosporine

  • 12. 
    Topical Immunomodulators Which of the following statements relating to Cyclosporine is TRUE?  
    • A. 

      It aims to increase activity of T-cells

    • B. 

      It is prepared as 0.05% ophthalmic emulsions in single use, unpreserved vials

    • C. 

      It is usually administered four times a day and can take upwards of one month to exert appreciable effects

    • D. 

      It is a large, hydrophilic, calcineurin inhibitor produced by the fungi Tolypocladium inflatum and Beauveria nevus

  • 13. 
    Topical Immunomodulators According to the article, which of the following statements relating to lifitegrast is FALSE?  
    • A. 

      It belongs to a new class of drugs known as LFA-1 agonists

    • B. 

      It is prepared as a 5% ophthalmic solution to be administered twice daily

    • C. 

      Clinical trials have demonstrated improvement in both signs and symptoms

    • D. 

      One-year safety studies have indicated no detection of the molecule within the plasma

  • 14. 
    Topical Immunomodulators Which of the following statements relating to comparisons between cyclosporine and lifitegrast is FALSE?  
    • A. 

      In Australia, neither ophthalmic cyclosporine nor lifitegrast have been approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA)

    • B. 

      Both ophthalmic preparations of cyclosporine and lifitegrast require twice a day dosing

    • C. 

      Both cyclosporine and lifitegrast appear on the Optometry Board of Australia’s Guideline for Use of Scheduled Medicines and so can potentially be prescribed

    • D. 

      Ophthalmic cyclosporine can be accessed by patients in Australia through the Special Access Scheme

  • 15. 
     Recurrent Disciform Keratitis Which layers of the cornea does HSV affect?  
    • A. 

      Epithelium

    • B. 

      Stroma

    • C. 

      Endothelium

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Recurrent Disciform Keratitis According to the article, approximately what percentage of initial HSV presentations does herpetic disciform keratitis account for?  
    • A. 

      2%

    • B. 

      20%

    • C. 

      48%

    • D. 

      90%

  • 17. 
    Recurrent Disciform Keratitis Which of the following statements is TRUE?  
    • A. 

      Both HEDS I and HEDS II examined the role of valaciclovir in herpetic eye disease

    • B. 

      500mg of valaciclovir used once a day is less effective than 400mg of aciclovir used twice a day

    • C. 

      The results of HEDS II showed that prophylactic oral aciclovir (used at 400mg twice a day) reduced the recurrence rate of HSV compared to the placebo group

    • D. 

      The conversion of valaciclovir to aciclovir leads to an increased bioavailability of aciclovir from three-fold to six-fold, compared to oral aciclovir

  • 18. 
    Recurrent Disciform Keratitis Which of the following is NOT a commonly reported side effect of oral aciclovir and valaciclovir?  
    • A. 

      Nausea/Vomiting

    • B. 

      Photophobia

    • C. 

      Headaches

    • D. 

      Gastrointestinal upset

  • 19. 
    Dry Eye Disease and Management Which of the following is considered to be a modifiable risk factor for dry eye disease?  
    • A. 

      Older age

    • B. 

      Androgen deficiency

    • C. 

      Female sex

    • D. 

      Asian ethnicity

  • 20. 
    Dry Eye Disease and Management Which of the following does NOT specifically form part of the management regime for aqueous deficient dry eye disease?  
    • A. 

      Use of artificial tear supplements

    • B. 

      Use of punctual plugs

    • C. 

      Meibomian gland expression

    • D. 

      Promotion of tear secretion via oral secretagogues

  • 21. 
    Beneath the Surface: Dry Eye Disease and Systemic Conditions Which of the following conditions is NOT considered to be an associated systemic cause of dry eye disease?  
    • A. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Systemic lupus erythematosus

    • D. 

      Rheumatoid arthritis

  • 22. 
    Beneath the Surface: Dry Eye Disease and Systemic Conditions   When compared to males, females are how much more likely to be affected by Sjögren’s Syndrome?  
    • A. 

      3x

    • B. 

      5x

    • C. 

      7x

    • D. 

      9x

  • 23. 
    Beneath the Surface: Dry Eye Disease and Systemic Conditions Which of the following represents an abnormal value/result for the respective diagnostic test and thus, may be indicative of dry eye disease?  
    • A. 

      Tear osmolarity of 318 mOsm/L

    • B. 

      Tear meniscus height of 0.75mm

    • C. 

      Unanaesthetised Schirmer’s test result of 15mm

    • D. 

      Tear break-up time of 20 seconds

  • 24. 
    Beneath the Surface: Dry Eye Disease and Systemic Conditions According to the article, approximately what percentage of the Australian population is estimated to have rheumatoid arthritis?  
    • A. 

      0.5%

    • B. 

      1%

    • C. 

      1.5%

    • D. 

      2%

  • 25. 
    Beneath the Surface: Dry Eye Disease and Systemic Conditions In which two decades of life does peak incidence of rosacea occur?  
    • A. 

      0-20 years of age

    • B. 

      20-40 years of age

    • C. 

      40-60 years of age

    • D. 

      60-80 years of age

  • 26. 
    Beneath the Surface: Dry Eye Disease and Systemic Conditions Which of the following treatments' main aim is to hydrate the cornea?    
    • A. 

      Topical corticosteroid eye drops

    • B. 

      Scleral lenses

    • C. 

      Punctal plugs

    • D. 

      Topical Cyclosporin

  • 27. 
    Blepharitis Management According to the article, which of the following parameters were not measured or evaluated as part of the study methodology?  
    • A. 

      Tear film quantity

    • B. 

      Tear film quality

    • C. 

      Validated symptomology questionnaires

    • D. 

      Conjunctival impression cytology markers

  • 28. 
    Blepharitis Management According to the article, which treatment type was preferred by over half the participants in the study?  
    • A. 

      No preference

    • B. 

      Baby shampoo

    • C. 

      Eyelid cleanser

    • D. 

      > 50% preference for any one treatment type was not found

  • 29. 
    Blepharitis Management According to the article, which of the following study results improved with dedicated eyelid cleanser treatment only?  
    • A. 

      Anterior blepharitis signs

    • B. 

      Ocular surface dessication

    • C. 

      Ocular Demodex infestation

    • D. 

      Ocular surface epithelium goblet cell health

  • 30. 
    Blepharitis Management According to the article, which of the following study results worsened with baby shampoo treatment?  
    • A. 

      Anterior blepharitis signs

    • B. 

      Ocular surface dessication

    • C. 

      Ocular Demodex infestation

    • D. 

      Ocular surface epithelium goblet cell health