Pharm- Opportunistic Infections

37 Questions | Total Attempts: 82

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Infection Quizzes & Trivia

In the study of medicine, an opportunistic infection is defined as an infection caused by pathogens which capitalise on an opportunity that is usually not available to them, i. E. A weakened immune system. What else do you know?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A patient with past history of Chemotherapy, Long term steroid therapy and diabetes comes to your clinic for a check up. Which of the following conditions are they most susceptible to?
    • A. 

      Superficial amebiasis infection

    • B. 

      Superficial trichomoniasis infection

    • C. 

      Systemic candidiasis infection

    • D. 

      Systemic eneterobiasis infection

  • 2. 
    Which of the following may lead to oral candidiasis (thrush)
    • A. 

      Being pregnant

    • B. 

      Being a neonate

    • C. 

      Taking birth control

    • D. 

      Having intertriginous rashes

  • 3. 
    Diaper dermatitis, a form of cutaneous candida can be treated with which of the following?
    • A. 

      Nystatin (Mycostatin)

    • B. 

      Ketoconazole (nizoral)

    • C. 

      Oxiconazole (Oxistat)

    • D. 

      Pentamidine (Pentam)

  • 4. 
    Histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, aspergillosis and cryptococcosis  cause which of the following?
    • A. 

      Superficial fungal infections

    • B. 

      Non malarial protozoal infections

    • C. 

      Helminthic infection

    • D. 

      Systemic fungal infections

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is a polyene?
    • A. 

      Nystatin ( Mycostatin)

    • B. 

      Butoconazole (gynazole-1)

    • C. 

      Ketoconazole (Nizoral)

    • D. 

      Econazole ( Spectazole)

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an Imidazole?
    • A. 

      Amphotericin B

    • B. 

      Miconazole ( Oravig)

    • C. 

      Flucytosine (ancobon)

    • D. 

      Terbinafine (lamisil)

  • 7. 
    Which of the following would be used to treat a  systemic fungal infection?
    • A. 

      Terbinafine (Lamisil)

    • B. 

      Naftifine (Naftin)

    • C. 

      Butrenafine (Mentax)

    • D. 

      Tolnaftate (Tinactin)

  • 8. 
    Which of the following can be administered through the buccal route?
    • A. 

      Ketoconazole (Nizoral)

    • B. 

      Itraconazole (Sporanox)

    • C. 

      Amphotericin B

    • D. 

      Miconazole (Oravig)

  • 9. 
    A patient presents with candida and tinea infection, which of the following drugs would be the recommended choice for treatment?
    • A. 

      Nystatin ( Mycostatin) + Terconazole (Terazol)

    • B. 

      Ciclopirox (Loprox) + Ketoconazole ( Nizoral)

    • C. 

      Econazole (spectazole)

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    Which of the following can treat tinea?
    • A. 

      Ciclopirox (Loprox)

    • B. 

      Naftifine (Naftin)

    • C. 

      Econazole (Spectazole)

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following drugs cause cell death by allowing K+ and MG++ to leak out?
    • A. 

      Amphotericin B

    • B. 

      Clotrimiazole ( Gyne-Lotrimin, Lotrizone)

    • C. 

      Sertraconazole (Ertaczo)

    • D. 

      Fluconazole (Diflucan)

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is an Imidazole that treats systemic and topical infections?
    • A. 

      Fluconazole (Diflucan)

    • B. 

      Flucytosine (Ancobon)

    • C. 

      Terbinafine (Lamisil)

    • D. 

      Posaconazole (Noxafil)

  • 13. 
    Which of the following inhibits sterol synthesis in the cell membrane?
    • A. 

      Nystatin (Mycostatin)

    • B. 

      Econazole ( Spectazole)

    • C. 

      Flucytosine (Ancobon)

    • D. 

      Chloroquine (Aralen)

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is an indication for Amphotericin B?
    • A. 

      Amebiasis infection

    • B. 

      Pseudomembranous colitis

    • C. 

      Anaerobic bacterial infections

    • D. 

      Life threatening systemic fungal infections

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is true about Amphotericin B?
    • A. 

      Can be given PO

    • B. 

      Drug interactions cause nephrotoxicity

    • C. 

      BUN, Creatinine and CBC not monitored

    • D. 

      Usual dosage 2.5mg/kg/d

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is true about the administration of Fluconazole (Diflucan)
    • A. 

      Systemic infections esp. candidiasis

    • B. 

      Given 1.5mg/kg/d

    • C. 

      150mg PO X 1 for oral candidiasis

    • D. 

      Available buccal, PO, IV

  • 17. 
    Dysentery, hepatitis and liver abscess can be caused by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Amebiasis

    • B. 

      Giardiasis

    • C. 

      Trichomoniasis

    • D. 

      Leishmaniasis

  • 18. 
    Which of the following cause encephalitis in immunosuppressed patients and brain/retina defects in pregnancy?
    • A. 

      Leishmaniasis

    • B. 

      Candidiasis

    • C. 

      Toxoplasmosis

    • D. 

      Pneumocystosis

  • 19. 
    Which of the following has a fungal etiology?
    • A. 

      Toxoplasmosis

    • B. 

      Leishmaniasis

    • C. 

      Giardiasis

    • D. 

      Pneumocystosis

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is a parasite with a face?
    • A. 

      Trichomonas vaginalis

    • B. 

      Giardi lamblia

    • C. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • D. 

      Entomeoba histolytica

  • 21. 
    Atovaquone (Mepron), Metronidazole (Flagyl), and tinidazole (Tindamax) can best be described as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Antiprotozoal

    • B. 

      Antihelminthic

    • C. 

      Antifungal

    • D. 

      A & C

  • 22. 
    Bacterial vaginosis can be treated with which of the following drugs?
    • A. 

      Paromomycin

    • B. 

      Tinidazole (tindamax)

    • C. 

      Atovaquone (Mepron)

    • D. 

      Pentamidine (Pentam)

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is used in PCP and toxoplasmosis prophylaxis
    • A. 

      Atovaquone (Mepron)

    • B. 

      Pyrimethamine (daraprim)

    • C. 

      Tinidazole (tindamax)

    • D. 

      Chloroquine (Aralen)

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is an indication for Metronidazole (Flagyl)?
    • A. 

      Malaria prophylaxis

    • B. 

      Extraintestinal amebiasis

    • C. 

      Trichomoniasis

    • D. 

      PCP prophylaxis

  • 25. 
    What is a contraindication for Metronidazole (flagyl)?
    • A. 

      First trimester of pregnancy

    • B. 

      Alcohol use

    • C. 

      Busulfan

    • D. 

      All of the above