pH 135 Diagnostic Test

8 Questions | Total Attempts: 39

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pH 135 Diagnostic Test

Diagnostic Test for PH 135 - Introduction to Logic. For each item, choose the best answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    "The government shouldn't implement a K-12 curriculum yet.  Why?  Even with just 10 years of mandatory education, we already have shortages of classrooms, teachers, and textbooks.  In fact, half of third grade students in public schools can't even pass the minimum competency exams for their grade levels.  Implementing the K-12 system now will just aggravate the problems we already have." What is the primary issue in this passage? 
    • A. 

      Whether the government should implement a K-12 curriculum already

    • B. 

      Whether most third grade students in public schools are able to pass the minimum competency exams for their grade levels

    • C. 

      Whether we have shortages of classrooms, teachers, and textbooks

    • D. 

      Whether the current 10-year curriculum is sufficient

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    "The version of the RH bill currently being debated is very problematic.  If it is signed into law, IUDs and contraceptive pills--which some people believe to have abortifacient effects--will be considered 'essential medicines,' and taxpayers' money will likely be spent to distribute these for free.  Moreover, the bill prohibits doctors from refusing to perform ligations and vasectomies, regardless of the doctors' personal stands regarding these procedures.  Finally, the bill requires health workers to teach that a 2-child family is the ideal family size, regardless of what viewpoints the health workers themselves may hold."  What is the primary issue in this passage?
    • A. 

      Whether the RH bill should be signed into law

    • B. 

      Whether the version of the RH bill currently being debated is problematic

    • C. 

      Whether reproductive health should be taught in schools

    • D. 

      Whether IUDS and contraceptive pills have abortifacient effects

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    "We are one of only three or four countries left in the world that has less than eleven years of mandatory education.  Our high school graduates lack the skills to be employable in the workforce.  Based on these, it is clear that the Philippines needs to implement a K-12 system of education now."  In the passage, which sentence expresses the conclusion?
    • A. 

      We are one of only three or four countries left in the world that has less than eleven years of mandatory education.

    • B. 

      Our high school graduates lack the skills to be employable in the workforce.

    • C. 

      Based on these, it is clear that the Philippines needs to implement a K-12 system of education now.

  • 4. 
    "The RH bill, if signed into law, will give poorer Filipinos the information and resources they need to control their family sizes.  Our legislature needs to pass the RH bill."  In this passage, which sentence expresses the premise?
    • A. 

      The RH bill, if signed into law, will give poorer Filipinos the information and resources they need to control their family sizes.

    • B. 

      Our legislature needs to pass the RH bill.

    • C. 

      Neither of the above.

  • 5. 
    "The Supreme Court was wrong to threaten the UP Faculty of Law with disciplinary action.  Our so-called 'High Court' is just a group of politicking, immature, power-hungry justices."  Which fallacy does this sentence contain?  (Choose the best answer.)
    • A. 

      Argumentum ad misercordiam

    • B. 

      Begging the question

    • C. 

      Fallacy of composition

    • D. 

      Argumentum ad hominem

  • 6. 
    "My ex-boyfriend was such a jerk.  My best friend's boyfriend is also a loser.  I must conclude that all men are losers."  Which fallacy does this passage contain?  (Choose the best answer.)
    • A. 

      Argumentum ad hominem

    • B. 

      Equivocation

    • C. 

      Hasty generalization

    • D. 

      Argumentum ad misericordiam

  • 7. 
    "Dogs are carnivorous.  Afghan hounds are dogs.  Therefore Afghan hounds are carniverous."  Is this argument valid or invalid?
    • A. 

      Valid.

    • B. 

      Invalid.

  • 8. 
    "Dogs are frequently encountered in the streets.  Afghan hounds are dogs.  Therefore Afghan hounds are frequently encountered in the streets."  Is this argument valid or invalid?
    • A. 

      Valid.

    • B. 

      Invalid.

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