Pediatric Medications

54 Questions | Total Attempts: 77

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Pediatric Medications

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following medications IS an aminopenicillin?
    • A. 

      Cefuroxime

    • B. 

      Clindamycin

    • C. 

      Amoxiciilin

    • D. 

      Cloxacillin

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is a life-threatening side-effect of ASA?
    • A. 

      Dyspepsia

    • B. 

      GI bleeding

    • C. 

      Abdominal pain

  • 3. 
    _______________ is a drug used to treat apneic episodes in preterm infants. 
  • 4. 
    The onset of captopril is 60 - 90 minutes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Which of the following apply to the drug cefuroxime? Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      1st generation cefalosporin

    • B. 

      2nd generation cefalosporin

    • C. 

      3rd generation cefalosporin

    • D. 

      Binds to bacterial cell wall membrane, causing cell death.

    • E. 

      The nurse should monitor for allergic reactions when administering this medication.

    • F. 

      Only effective on gram-positive bacteria.

  • 6. 
    The nurse must obtain a specimen to examine for culture and sensitivity for clindamycin to be indicated.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Clonidine can be used treat which of the following?
    • A. 

      Opiod withdrawal.

    • B. 

      Severe nausea and vomiting.

    • C. 

      Acute bronchospasm.

  • 8. 
    Cloxaciilin is classified as a _____________________. (Drug classification.)
  • 9. 
    ______________________________ is an antibiotic which is a mixture of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole.
  • 10. 
    A nurse has an order for IV diazepam for a 8 year old girl on the pediatric ward. Without reading the patient's chart, what can the nurse suspect this patient is being treated for?
    • A. 

      Psychotic episodes

    • B. 

      Diabetic neuropathic pain

    • C. 

      Seizures

  • 11. 
    A nurse enters a 4 year-old patient's room, and notes the child has hives on his neck and chest, and scratch marks on said areas. The child's mother says that he often reacts to laundry detergents and soaps in this same way. The nurse would likely get an order for, and administer which drug?
    • A. 

      Dimenhydrinate

    • B. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

  • 12. 
    A nurse has a patient who is prescribed digoxin PO. It is important for the nurse to perform which assessment before administering this drug?
    • A. 

      Monitor apical pulse for one full minute. Withhold drug if pulse is

    • B. 

      Monitor blood pressure, and hold drug if it is below 100/60.

    • C. 

      Assess quality, location, and severity of pan.

  • 13. 
    Erythromycin can be used to treat pertussis (whooping cough).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    What lab values should be monitored for a patient on ferrous sulfate? (Check all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Hemoglobin

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Hematocrit

    • D. 

      BUN and Creatinine

    • E. 

      CBC

  • 15. 
    What is the onset of IV furosemide?
    • A. 

      Rapid

    • B. 

      10 minutes

    • C. 

      5 minutes

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is a common side effect of hydroxyzine?  
    • A. 

      Rash

    • B. 

      Drowsiness

    • C. 

      Diarrhea

  • 17. 
    Nitrofurantoin is contraindicated for infants under ________ month(s) of age.
  • 18. 
    A nurse begins her assessments of a 3 year old boy who is being treated with antibiotics for a urinary tract infection. She notices a whitish coating at the back of the boy's throat and on the back of his tongue. The nurse notifies the doctor and can expect an order for what drug?
    • A. 

      Naproxen

    • B. 

      Nystatin

    • C. 

      Niacin

  • 19. 
    Ondansetron is classified as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Anti-histamines

    • B. 

      Proton-pump inhibitors

    • C. 

      Five ht3 antagonists

  • 20. 
    A nurse administers IV phenobarbital to a patient having a tonic-clonic seizure. The nurse knows that she can expect this medication to start working in about _________ minute(s). (Onset of action.) 
  • 21. 
    A nurse is taking care of a 7 year-old girl with rheumatoid arthritis. The nurse enters the room for the first time, and  notices the girl has an abnormally round face and also is smaller than most other children her age. The nurse can assume that this child has had long-term ______________ therapy, and her round face is also called ____________________.  
    • A. 

      Steroid; Steven's Johnson Syndrome

    • B. 

      Beta-blocker; Cushing's Syndrome

    • C. 

      Steroid; Cushing's Syndrome

  • 22. 
    What are some common side effects of propranolol? (Check all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Bradycardia

    • B. 

      Cough

    • C. 

      Fatigue

    • D. 

      Nausea and vomiting

    • E. 

      Constipation

    • F. 

      Hypotension

  • 23. 
    Ranitidine is classified as a histamine h3 antagonist.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    A 6 month old patient with congestive heart failure has been prescribed Spironolactone. Which of the following lab values should the nurse monitor closely for this patient?
    • A. 

      BUN and Creatinine

    • B. 

      Serum potassium

    • C. 

      CBC and differential

  • 25. 
    Valproic acid, a medication used for prevention of seizures, is prescribed to a 20 month-old child on the pediatric ward. The nurse recognizes the pediatric implications of this drug, and as such will closely monitor what lab values more closely? 
    • A. 

      Liver function tests

    • B. 

      Serum electrolytes

    • C. 

      White blood cells