Quiz On Pathophysiology Exam! Hardest Trivia Questions

42 Questions | Total Attempts: 1626

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Quiz On Pathophysiology Exam! Hardest Trivia Questions

Below is the hardest trivia questions Quiz on Pathophysiology Exam! This study test out what you know as a medical practitioner when it comes to diseased organs. The quiz below is designed to help see just how much you understand the study, why don’t you give it a try and get to find out for sure? All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is a type of dyspnea resulting from heart disease?
    • A. 

      Pulmonary congestion

    • B. 

      Orthopnea

    • C. 

      Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

  • 2. 
    Which of the following terms describes dyspnea when lying down, sometimes caused by pulmonary congestion?
    • A. 

      Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

    • B. 

      Orthopnea

    • C. 

      Eupnea

  • 3. 
    Which of the following terms best describes the condition of a patient with a cardiac or pulmonary disease that wakes up at night gasping for air and has to stand or sit up for dyspnea relief?
    • A. 

      Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea PND

    • B. 

      Orthopnea

    • C. 

      Eupnea

  • 4. 
    Which of the following ranges is normal for Tidal Volume?
    • A. 

      300-500 mL

    • B. 

      400-800 mL

    • C. 

      600-1000 mL

  • 5. 
    Which of the following terms is characterized by slightly increased ventilatory rate, large tidal volumes, and no expiratory pause; sometimes caused by strenuous exercise or metabolic acidosis?
    • A. 

      Kussmaul respirations (hyperpnea)

    • B. 

      Cheyne-Stokes respirations

    • C. 

      Hypercapnia

  • 6. 
    A patient with rapid breathing rate, increased effort, and prolonged expiration, may be suffering from which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Wheezing

    • B. 

      Shock

    • C. 

      Asthma

  • 7. 
    Which of the following disorders restricts breathing and is characterized by tachypnea and rapid expiration and is caused by stiffening of the lungs or chest wall and decreased lung compliance?
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Pulmonary fibrosis

    • C. 

      COPD

  • 8. 
    A patient comes to the doctor and while assessing her breathing, the nurse, observes that they are characterized by alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing.  The patient has apnea lasting 15-60 sec. that is followed by ventilations that increase in volume until a peak is reached; then ventilation decreases again to apnea.  The nurse notes that she believes her breathing condition may be caused by a condition that may be slowing blood flow to the brain.  Which of the following terms in consistent with the findings?
    • A. 

      Cheyne-Stokes Respirations

    • B. 

      Hyperventilation

    • C. 

      Tachypnea

  • 9. 
    Which of the following disorders may cause gasping respirations with irregular, quick inspirations with an expiratory pause?
    • A. 

      Hyperventilation

    • B. 

      Pulmonary fibrosis

    • C. 

      Shock and severe cerebral hypoxia

  • 10. 
    Which of the following terms describes inadequate alveolar ventilation if relation to metabolic demands?
    • A. 

      Hyperventilation

    • B. 

      Hypoventilation

    • C. 

      Cyanosis

  • 11. 
    Which of the following CO2 levels is normal, for arterial and alveolar measurements?
    • A. 

      35mmHg

    • B. 

      40mmHg

    • C. 

      45mmHg

  • 12. 
    Increased levels of CO2 in the arterial blood results in hypercapnia, which can be measured as which of the following?
    • A. 

      PaCO2 >43

    • B. 

      PaCO2>44

    • C. 

      PaCo2>45

  • 13. 
    Which of the following terms descrives ventilation that exceeds metabolic demands?
    • A. 

      Hypercapnia

    • B. 

      Hyperventilation

    • C. 

      Tachypnea

  • 14. 
    Hypocapnia is caused by the lungs removing CO2 faster that it is produced by cellular metabolism and can be measured as which of the following?
    • A. 

      PaCO2

    • B. 

      PaCO2

    • C. 

      PaCO2

  • 15. 
    A patient comes to the doctor complaining of a sharp stabbing pain during inspiration, the nurse suspects inflammation or infection of which of the following areas?
    • A. 

      Bronchi

    • B. 

      Parietal Pleura

    • C. 

      Trachea

  • 16. 
    Which of the following terms refers to excess water in the lung that is most commonly caused by heart disease?
    • A. 

      Hypoxemia

    • B. 

      Bronchiectasis

    • C. 

      Pulmonary edema

  • 17. 
    A 65 yr old man comes to the doctor with complaints of dyspnea, hypoxemia, and increased effort to breathe.  He also mentions that he has pink frothy sputum and upon assessment, the nurse observes crackles of inspiration and increased PaCO2 levels.  Which of the following conditions may be suspected?
    • A. 

      Pulmonary edema

    • B. 

      Aspiration

    • C. 

      Atelectasis

  • 18. 
    A patient comes to the doctor with complaints of choking, cough, dyspnea, and wheezing.  Upon further assessment, the nurse learns that the patient has frequent seizures and suspects which of the following?
    • A. 

      Pneumothorax

    • B. 

      Atelectasis

    • C. 

      Aspiration

  • 19. 
    Which of the following terms describes a persistent abnormal dilation of the bronchi?
    • A. 

      Bronchiectasis

    • B. 

      Atelectasis

    • C. 

      Bronchiolitis

  • 20. 
    Which of the following actions will help prevent atelectasis?
    • A. 

      Drinking plenty of fluids

    • B. 

      Deep breathing

    • C. 

      Early ambulation

    • D. 

      Sitting in a fixed position

    • E. 

      Frequent position changes

  • 21. 
    A 6 yr old girl is admitted to the hospital with complaints of rapid ventilatory rate, use of accessory muscles, fever, dry, nonproductive cough, and a hyperinflated chest.  The nurse suspects which of the following?
    • A. 

      Bronchioloitis

    • B. 

      Bronchiectasis

    • C. 

      Pneumothorax

  • 22. 
    Which of the following terms refers to the presence of air or gas in the pleural space caused by a rupture in the visceral or parietal pleura.
    • A. 

      Pleural effusion

    • B. 

      Emphysema

    • C. 

      Pneumothorax

  • 23. 
    Which of the following pneumothorax occurs unexpectedly in healthy individuals between the ages of 20-40; caused by rupture of blebs on the visceral pleura; occuring during sleep, rest, or exercise.  blebs are in the apexes of the lungs
    • A. 

      Spontaneous

    • B. 

      Tension

    • C. 

      Secondary

  • 24. 
    Which of the following terms describes air pressure in the pleural space equalling barometric pressure because air that is drawn into the pleural space during inspiration is forced back out during expiration?
    • A. 

      Open pneumothorax

    • B. 

      Tension pneumothorax

    • C. 

      Emphysema

  • 25. 
    Which of the following terms best describes the site of a rupture acting as a one-way valve letting air to enter on inspiration, bu preventing its escape during expiration and is seen as life-threatening?
    • A. 

      Open pneumothorax

    • B. 

      Tension pneumothorax

    • C. 

      Pleural effusion

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