Patho Ch 20 Quiz

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 65

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Patho Ch 20 Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Syndrome of cognitive impairment with motor dysfunction
    • A. 

      HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

    • B. 

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • D. 

      Pneumocystis carinii

    • E. 

      Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

    • F. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • G. 

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • H. 

      HIV associated dementia

    • I. 

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

  • 2. 
    Most common cause of death for people with HIV
    • A. 

      HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

    • B. 

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • D. 

      Pneumocystis carinii

    • E. 

      Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

    • F. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • G. 

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • H. 

      HIV associated dementia

    • I. 

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

  • 3. 
    Causes cervical and anal carcinoma
    • A. 

      HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

    • B. 

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • D. 

      Pneumocystis carinii

    • E. 

      Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

    • F. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • G. 

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • H. 

      HIV associated dementia

    • I. 

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

  • 4. 
    Organism common in the environment that causes pneumonia in AIDS patients
    • A. 

      HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

    • B. 

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • D. 

      Pneumocystis carinii

    • E. 

      Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

    • F. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • G. 

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • H. 

      HIV associated dementia

    • I. 

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

  • 5. 
    Demyelinating disease of the central nervous system
    • A. 

      HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

    • B. 

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • D. 

      Pneumocystis carinii

    • E. 

      Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

    • F. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • G. 

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • H. 

      HIV associated dementia

    • I. 

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

  • 6. 
    Brain parasite
    • A. 

      HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

    • B. 

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • D. 

      Pneumocystis carinii

    • E. 

      Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

    • F. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • G. 

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • H. 

      HIV associated dementia

    • I. 

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

  • 7. 
    Malignancy of the endothelial cells that line small blood vessels
    • A. 

      HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

    • B. 

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • D. 

      Pneumocystis carinii

    • E. 

      Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

    • F. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • G. 

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • H. 

      HIV associated dementia

    • I. 

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

  • 8. 
    Usually a late complication of HIV manifested via decrease in neural speed
    • A. 

      HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

    • B. 

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • D. 

      Pneumocystis carinii

    • E. 

      Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

    • F. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • G. 

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • H. 

      HIV associated dementia

    • I. 

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

  • 9. 
    Causes bacterial pneumonia in AIDS patients
    • A. 

      HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

    • B. 

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • D. 

      Pneumocystis carinii

    • E. 

      Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

    • F. 

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • G. 

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • H. 

      HIV associated dementia

    • I. 

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

  • 10. 
    A new patient presents at the clinic with the following history: a CD4+ cell count of 400 cells, generalized lymphadenopathy, and a positive HIV test 8 years ago. Based on this information, you would know that the patient is in what pahse of the HIV infection?
    • A. 

      Latent phase

    • B. 

      Overt AIDS phase

    • C. 

      Primary infection phase

    • D. 

      Conversion phase

  • 11. 
    A 21-year-old woman diagnosed with HIV/AIDS 4 years ago now presents with cytomegalovirus. The nurse explains to the woman that this infection is caused by a common organism that normally does not cause infection in someone with a healthy immune system. This type of infection is called what?
    • A. 

      HIV Infection

    • B. 

      Opportunistic infection

    • C. 

      Autoimmune infection

    • D. 

      Suppression infection

  • 12. 
    In the United States, the most common opportunistic infection in people with HIV/AIDS infections is respiratory infection. When the CD4+ level drops below 200 cells, it is time to start prophylaxis. What is the drug of choice for prophylaxis?
    • A. 

      Trimethobenzamide

    • B. 

      Triamterene

    • C. 

      Trimethoprim-sulfate

    • D. 

      Trimipramine

  • 13. 
    Kaposi sarcoma is an opportunistic malignancy that is found on the skin, in the oral cavity, in the GI tract, and in the lungs of immunocompromised people. Many people with skin lesions caused by Kaposi sarcoma also ahve GI involvement. What are the presenting symptoms of Kaposi sarcoma in the GI tract? 
    • A. 

      Bleeding

    • B. 

      Pain

    • C. 

      Obstruction

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    While doing patient education at a public health clinic, a PA teaches about sexually transmitted disease prevention. In the education is a segment on HIV/AIDS. Which of the following statements from a client would indicate that more teaching is needed?
    • A. 

      "Latex condoms provide protection from HIV/AIDS"

    • B. 

      "There is no cure for HIV/AIDS"

    • C. 

      "Natural or lambskin condoms are as protective as latex condoms"

    • D. 

      "Adopting risk-free or low-risk behavior is the best protection against HIV/AIDS"

  • 15. 
    A 20-year-old male presents at the clinic complaining of severe fatigue, night sweats, and fever. While taking the client's history, he reports having multiple sexual partners and unprotected sex. HIV/AIDS is suspected. What diagnostic test would be ordered to confirm the diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Complete metabolic panel

    • B. 

      Western Blot Assay

    • C. 

      ALEA

    • D. 

      Eastern Blot Assay

  • 16. 
    The treatment of HIV/AIDS is complicated because different drugs act on different stages of the replication cycle of the virus. Therefore, treatment includes combinations of two, three, or more drugs. What is this treatment called?
    • A. 

      DHHS treatment

    • B. 

      Anti-AIDS treatment

    • C. 

      HAART treatment

    • D. 

      HEELP treatment

  • 17. 
    A client presents at the clinic complaining of unplanned weight loss of up to 10% of her body weight. She states that she has had diarrhea, more than twice a day. She goes on to say that she has fever and weakness that "just won't go away". After a complete history and physical, an enzyme linked immunoabsorbent assay test is ordered. This order is based on what suspected diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Wasting syndrome

    • B. 

      AIDS syndrome

    • C. 

      Beal syndrome

    • D. 

      WAGAR syndrome

  • 18. 
    Psychological issues are faced by every patient diagnosed with HIV/AIDS and their families. These issues include which of the following?
    • A. 

      Condemnation of risk behaviors

    • B. 

      Helplessness

    • C. 

      Lack of control

    • D. 

      All of the above

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