Pad 739 Midterm

60 Questions

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Government Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
  • 2. 
    The sharing of power between state and federal governments.
    • A. 

      Federalism

    • B. 

      Political viability

    • C. 

      Presidential powers

    • D. 

      Bill of Rights

  • 3. 
  • 4. 
    A process that usually begins with a problem definition. Yields alternatives, has a specific client, has a shorter time horizon, and is political.
    • A. 

      Policy analysis

    • B. 

      Public policy

    • C. 

      Policy analysis methods

    • D. 

      Federalism

  • 5. 
  • 6. 
    Systematic procedures for attacking specific problems with specific purposes.
    • A. 

      Policy analysis methods

    • B. 

      Rational model

    • C. 

      Policy analysis

    • D. 

      Cost-benefit analysis

  • 7. 
  • 8. 
    A process for approaching policy problems in which problem definition leads to identification and evaluation of alternatives, which is followed by implementation.
    • A. 

      Rational model

    • B. 

      Ethics

    • C. 

      Prescriptive policy analysis

    • D. 

      Equity

  • 9. 
  • 10. 
    A branch of philosophy that deals with questions of morality, moral problems, and moral judgments.
    • A. 

      Ethics

    • B. 

      Policy analysis

    • C. 

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • D. 

      Policy analysis methods

  • 11. 
  • 12. 
  • 13. 
    A subcategory of prospective policy analysis that recommends actions because they will bring about a particular result
    • A. 

      Prescriptive policy analysis

    • B. 

      Policy analysis methods

    • C. 

      Descriptive policy analysis

    • D. 

      Rational model

  • 14. 
  • 15. 
    Used to collect data on one or several subgroups over time, to permit comparisons over time.
    • A. 

      Longitudinal surveys

    • B. 

      Back of envelope calculations

    • C. 

      Policy analysis methods

    • D. 

      Reliability measures

  • 16. 
  • 17. 
    Simple ways to estimate the numbers that are important to defining the direction of a problem. Also methods for establishing some of the key dimensions of the problem and checking numerical estimates against known reference points.
    • A. 

      Back-of-the-envelope calculations

    • B. 

      Longitudinal surveys

    • C. 

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • D. 

      Rational model

  • 18. 
    Define reliability of measures.
  • 19. 
    An issue in problem definition that measures the extent to which a single measure can be used to compare a concept under different circumstances
    • A. 

      Reliability of measures

    • B. 

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • C. 

      Policy analysis methods

    • D. 

      No action alternative

  • 20. 
    Define cost-benefit analysis. (pg. 205)
  • 21. 
    A tool for measuring the relative efficiency of a range of alternatives
    • A. 

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • B. 

      Political viability

    • C. 

      Reliability measures

    • D. 

      Rational model

  • 22. 
    Define equity. (pg. 205)
  • 23. 
    Refers to the distribution of goods and services among individual members or subgroups and involves questions of who benefits and who pays.
    • A. 

      Equity

    • B. 

      No action alternative

    • C. 

      Bill of Rights

    • D. 

      Random sampling

  • 24. 
    Define political viability. (pg. 205)
  • 25. 
     A criterion for evaluating alternatives. Measures whether the alternative is acceptable or can be made acceptable to relevant groups. 
    • A. 

      Political viability

    • B. 

      Equity

    • C. 

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • D. 

      Policy analysis

  • 26. 
    Define brainstorming. (pg. 237)
  • 27. 
    A formal group process technique for generating ideas in which ideas from one person are intended to trigger ideas from another.
    • A. 

      Brainstorming

    • B. 

      Brainwriting

    • C. 

      Rational model

    • D. 

      Policy analysis methods

  • 28. 
    Define no action alternative. (pg. 237)
  • 29. 
    The state that would evolve in the absence of an action alternative (plan, program, policy) for the future. This is not the same as the status quo. The __________ can often be defined as reasonable maintenance or extrapolation of current trends  and policies.
    • A. 

      No action alternative

    • B. 

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • C. 

      Policy analysis

    • D. 

      Prescriptive policy analysis

  • 30. 
  • 31. 
    The first ten amendments to the US Constitution that guarantees certain rights and freedoms.
    • A. 

      Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      Equity

    • C. 

      Federalism

    • D. 

      Rational model

  • 32. 
     Define random sampling. (pg. 133)
  • 33. 
    A scientific, unbiased sampling procedure that assures that all units or elements in the population under study have an equal chance of being selected.
    • A. 

      Random sampling

    • B. 

      Equity

    • C. 

      Longitudinal study

    • D. 

      Back-of-the-envelope calculations

  • 34. 
    Presidential powers are outlined in which article of the Constitution?
  • 35. 
    List some powers of the president.
  • 36. 
    Supreme Court powers are outlined in which article of the Constitution?
  • 37. 
  • 38. 
    Freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, freedom to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
    • A. 

      First Amendment

    • B. 

      Eighth Amendment

    • C. 

      Fourth Amendment

    • D. 

      Tenth Amendment

  • 39. 
    Freedom to keep and bear arms.
    • A. 

      Second Amendment

    • B. 

      Seventh Amendment

    • C. 

      Sixth Amendment

    • D. 

      Ninth Amendment

  • 40. 
    Citizens should not be forced to quarter soldiers in times of peace or war.
    • A. 

      Third Amendment

    • B. 

      Fourth Amendment

    • C. 

      First Amendment

    • D. 

      Tenth Amendment

  • 41. 
    Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures.
    • A. 

      Fourth Amendment

    • B. 

      Sixth Amendment

    • C. 

      Eighth Amendment

    • D. 

      Second Amendment

  • 42. 
    Freedom from self-incrimination, freedom from double jeopardy, freedom from being deprived of liberty without due process.
    • A. 

      Fifth Amendment

    • B. 

      Eighth Amendment

    • C. 

      First Amendment

    • D. 

      Seventh Amendment

  • 43. 
    Right to a speedy trial, right to a jury of one's peers, right to know criminal charges, right to confront witnesses, right to counsel.
    • A. 

      Sixth Amendment

    • B. 

      Fifth Amendment

    • C. 

      Ninth Amendment

    • D. 

      Second Amendment

  • 44. 
    Right to a jury trial in civil cases, courts cannot overturn a jury's findings of fact.
    • A. 

      Seventh Amendment

    • B. 

      Sixth Amendment

    • C. 

      Ninth Amendment

    • D. 

      Tenth Amendment

  • 45. 
    Prohibits excessive bail, prohibits excessive fines, prohibits cruel and unusual punishment.
    • A. 

      Eighth Amendment

    • B. 

      Fourth Amendment

    • C. 

      Third Amendment

    • D. 

      Tenth Amendment

  • 46. 
    Addresses rights retained by the people that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution.
    • A. 

      Ninth Amendment

    • B. 

      Tenth Amendment

    • C. 

      Seventh Amendment

    • D. 

      Second Amendment

  • 47. 
    Expresses the principle of federalism and states' rights, states that the federal government only possesses the powers delegated to it by the Constitution and all remaining powers are reserved for the states and the people.
    • A. 

      Tenth Amendment

    • B. 

      Ninth Amendment

    • C. 

      Seventh Amendment

    • D. 

      Third Amendment

  • 48. 
  • 49. 
  • 50. 
  • 51. 
  • 52. 
  • 53. 
    Meltsner's policy analyst type: technician (pg. 25).
  • 54. 
    Meltsner's policy analyst type: the politician. (pg. 25)
  • 55. 
    Meltsner's policy analyst type: the entrepreneur. (pg. 25)
  • 56. 
  • 57. 
    A report reflecting the process used to produce the analysis will contain the sections:
  • 58. 
  • 59. 
    Methods for identifying potential alternatives (pg. 221):