Otterbein/Grant CRNA Basics II Quiz 1 Review

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 38

SettingsSettingsSettings
Otterbein/Grant CRNA Basics II Quiz 1 Review - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Lasers depend on _______ to deliver energy.
    • A. 

      Photons

    • B. 

      Pressure

    • C. 

      Electrons

    • D. 

      Magic

  • 2. 
    All of the following describe laser light characteristics except.....
    • A. 

      Complete visible spectrum

    • B. 

      Coherent

    • C. 

      Monochromatic

    • D. 

      Collimated

  • 3. 
    CO2 lasers have a wavelegth of 10,600 nm, are transmitted through the air, absorbed by water and provide superficial penetration.They are used for: vocal cord ablation, snoring procedures, skin wrinkles, soft tissue excision, and condyloma vaporization.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The Erbium YAG (yitrium aluminum garment) laser has a wavelength of 2940 nm, is pulsed, and absorbed by water.  It provides shallow penetration and is used for skin rejuvenation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The Holmium YAG laser has a wavelength of 2100-2140 nm which is infrared.  It utilizes a fiber delivery system and provides shallow penetration.  It is transmitted through solutions via a vapor bubble.  It can be used for cutting and coagulation.  It has been used for treatment of urinary stones, pecutaneous microdiscectomy, and transmyocardial revascularization.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The Nd: YAG laser was the 1st YAG laser created.  It has a wavelength of 1064 nm and uses a fiber delivery system.  It can be transmitted through solutions and also cuts and coagulates.  It has been used for colonic, esophageal, bronchial, and bladder tumors as well as tattoo removal and posterior capsulotomy (Q-switch YAG).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    KTP lasers have frequency doubling crystals. They are used for stapedectomies, lysis of adhesions and endometrial implants as well as prostate procedures.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Argon lasers utilize two different wavelengths: 488 nm (blue) and 515 nm (green).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Benefits from _______ surgery include: precision, enhanced accessiblity, less bleeding, less pain for select cases, and less recovery time.
    • A. 

      LASER

    • B. 

      Traditional

  • 10. 
    Part of fire safety with the use of lasers in the airway includes using a laser ETT, filling the balloon with tinted saline, and placing ____ cottonoids around the tube.
    • A. 

      Wet

    • B. 

      Dry

    • C. 

      No

  • 11. 
    Which size of mask filtration provides adequate protection against surgical smoke?
    • A. 

      0.1 micron filtration

    • B. 

      5 micron filtration

  • 12. 
    When managing the ventilation of an obese patient, you know that their goal tidal volumes should be based on their ideal body weight.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Hypothermia slows anesthetic elimination, prolongs recovery from anesthesia, impairs coagulation, and increases the chances that the patient will shiver.  The elderly have impaired thermoregulation d/t decreased function of the hypothalamus.  Hypothermia is more pronounced and lasts longer due to a lower BMR, a high ratio of surface to body area mass, and a less effective peripheral vasoconstrictive response to cold.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Due to high amounts of circulating catecholamines, elderly patients exhibit _____ adrenergic responsiveness.
    • A. 

      Decreased

    • B. 

      Increased

  • 15. 
    In the elderly, there is an increase in afterload and ________ BP resulting in ventricular thickening and prolonged ejection times.
    • A. 

      Systolic

    • B. 

      Diastolic

    • C. 

      Mean arterial

  • 16. 
    MAC is decreased by _% each decade after age 40.
  • 17. 
    In the beach chair position, blood pressure, cerebral blood flow and cerebral function:
    • A. 

      Decrease

    • B. 

      Increase

    • C. 

      Remain the same

  • 18. 
    Hypotension in the beach chair/sitting position is caused by venous pooling resulting in sympathetic activation which causes vigorous contraction of a poorly filled ventricle.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Pneumatic tourniquets should always be inflated to 300 mmHg.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Fall in core temperature, metabolic acidosis, fall in central venous oxygen, acid metabolites released into systemic circulation, and an increase in etCO2 are associated with the ______ of a pneumatic tourniquet.
    • A. 

      Deflation

    • B. 

      Inflation

  • 21. 
    Tourniquet pain starts immediately upon inflation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Tourniquet pain is progressively demonstrated by hypertension, tachycardia and diaphoresis.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The prone position significantly _______ systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance.
    • A. 

      Increases

    • B. 

      Decreases

  • 24. 
    Regarding the West zones in the prone position...zone II decreases, zone III ________.
    • A. 

      Increases

    • B. 

      Decreases

    • C. 

      Stays the same

  • 25. 
    The insufflator inflates the abdomen using a pressure of:
    • A. 

      10-15 mmHg

    • B. 

      20-30 mmHg

    • C. 

      0-5 mmHg

    • D. 

      25-50 mmHg

Back to Top Back to top