Fluid And Electrolytes (Nrst 10003)

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 193

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Fluid And Electrolyte Quizzes & Trivia

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
    • A. 

      IV Phosphorus

    • B. 

      IV Ca

    • C. 

      IV Na

    • D. 

      IV K

  • 2. 
    You are caring for a patient with possible fluid overload.  Which is your priority for assessment?
    • A. 

      Skin turgor

    • B. 

      Urine Output

    • C. 

      Lung Sounds

    • D. 

      Mucous membranes

  • 3. 
    When treating a pt w/ water retention, it is safer to administer sodium than restrict fluid intake
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Watch for ______________ with patients on bedrest.
    • A. 

      Hypercalcemia

    • B. 

      Hypocalcemia

    • C. 

      Hypernatremia

    • D. 

      Hypakalmeia

  • 5. 
    Select the correct lab findings of a pt with hyperchloremia (Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Increase NaCl

    • B. 

      Decrease Sodium

    • C. 

      Decrease pH

    • D. 

      Decrease Sodium Bicarb

    • E. 

      Abnormal anion gap

    • F. 

      Increase urinary Cl lvl

  • 6. 
    Which is the most important nursing intervention for a pt with chloride imbalance?
    • A. 

      Encourage mobility

    • B. 

      Monitor BP

    • C. 

      Monitor ABG

    • D. 

      Monitor for Dig Tox

  • 7. 
    In a pt with hypernatremia, sodium levels should be reduced as quickly as possible to alleviate symptoms.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    What is the primary sign of hypocalcemia?
    • A. 

      Impaired clotting time

    • B. 

      Kidney stones

    • C. 

      Bone pain

    • D. 

      Tetany

  • 9. 
    Which of the following are nursing interventions for a pt with hypocalcemia? (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Maintain airway

    • B. 

      Monitor for cardiac dysfunction

    • C. 

      Monitor for dig tox

    • D. 

      Keep pt in bed and monitor BP

  • 10. 
    A pt with sever burns will be at risk for which of the following? (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Abnormal GI loss

    • B. 

      Hypochloremia

    • C. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • D. 

      Dehydration

  • 11. 
    The pt whose chloride lvl is 91 mEq/L, is not responding well to treatment. After talking to the pt and members of the pt's care team, the nurse discovered that which of the following information can be causing the treatment not to work.
    • A. 

      The pt is eating at least one banana with each meal

    • B. 

      The pt was given normal saline

    • C. 

      The patient only drinks bottled water

    • D. 

      The patient was prescribed Ammonium Cl-

  • 12. 
    Which of the following medications must be given via IV,with a pump, diluted and adm slowly? (Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Normal Saline

    • B. 

      KCl-

    • C. 

      Ca+ Gluconate

    • D. 

      Magnesium

    • E. 

      Phosphorus

  • 13. 
    Which of the following will the nurse tell the pt with a K lvl of 5.5 to avoid?
    • A. 

      Bottled water

    • B. 

      Red meat

    • C. 

      Dairy products

    • D. 

      Salt substitutes

  • 14. 
    The charge nurse teaches a new nurse to expect which of the following meds, for a pt with a Ca+ lvl of 12? (Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Calcium Supplement

    • B. 

      Calcitonin

    • C. 

      Plicamycin

    • D. 

      Glucose

    • E. 

      Pamidronate

    • F. 

      Diuretics

  • 15. 
    What is the most common cause of elevated electrolyte levels?
    • A. 

      Hepatic failure

    • B. 

      Renal failure

    • C. 

      Pulmonary disorders

    • D. 

      Cardiovascular disorders

  • 16. 
    What is the primary cause of Calcium imbalances?
    • A. 

      Renal failure

    • B. 

      Bone fractures

    • C. 

      Thyroid/Parathyroid malfunction

    • D. 

      GI loss

  • 17. 
    Medications that are given for potassium and sodium imbalances are: (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Pamidronate

    • B. 

      Ca+ Gluconate

    • C. 

      Bicarb

    • D. 

      Glucose

    • E. 

      Neutra-Phos

    • F. 

      Sodium

    • G. 

      Kayexlate

  • 18. 
    ABG InterpretationpH 7.46CO2 - 34.0HCO3 - 26.0O2 - 43.8
    • A. 

      Uncomp. Resp. Alkalosis

    • B. 

      Uncomp. Metabolic Alkalosis

    • C. 

      Resp. Alkalosis w/ metabolic comp.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following are Isotonic solutions: (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      0.9% NaCl

    • B. 

      0.45% NS

    • C. 

      LR (Lactated Ringer's)

  • 20. 
    Which of the following are Hypertonic Solutions: (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      0.9% NaCl

    • B. 

      D10W

    • C. 

      D5NS

    • D. 

      Dextran

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is a hypotonic solution?
    • A. 

      0.45% NS

    • B. 

      D5W

    • C. 

      D5NS

    • D. 

      0.33% NS

  • 22. 
    Causes of hypovolemia (loss of ECF, water and electrolytes in equal proportions): Mark all that apply
    • A. 

      Prolonged inadequate intake

    • B. 

      IV with sodium

    • C. 

      Vomiting and diarrhea

    • D. 

      Excessive fluid intake

    • E. 

      Sweating

    • F. 

      High sodium intake

    • G. 

      GI suctioning

  • 23. 
    Signs and symptoms of hypovolemia: Mark all that apply
    • A. 

      Acute weight loss

    • B. 

      Increased skin turgor

    • C. 

      Oliguria

    • D. 

      Decreased thirst

    • E. 

      Weak, rapid HR

    • F. 

      Flattened neck veins

    • G. 

      Increased respiration rate

  • 24. 
    Causes of hypervolemia are: (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Excessive IV fluids

    • B. 

      Adrenal Insufficiency

    • C. 

      Renal failure

    • D. 

      Diabetes Insipitus

  • 25. 
    S/S of hypervolemia: (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Edema

    • B. 

      Crackles

    • C. 

      Decreased weight

    • D. 

      SOB

    • E. 

      Possible bradycardia

Back to Top Back to top