Origami only uses a small number of different folds, but they can be combined in a variety of ways to make complex designs.
It was invented in 1867 by the Italian fashion designer Claudio di Origami.
The most famous Origami is a buddhist cow.
Traditional Japanese origami, which has been practiced since the Edo era (1603–1867), has often been less strict about cutting the paper during the creation of the design.
The most well known form is probably the Japanese paper crane.
In the 1970s a group of students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology were so bored during a particular lecture that they engaged in a contest who could fold the biggest and meanest bug.
It was a friendly competition amongst Origami fans in the 1970s.
The aim was to create the biggest libella ever created in Origami.
The aim was to create models of bugs that resembled nature in all details.
Scissors and glue were allowed in this competition.
Classic Origami: A folding using a square piece of paper.
Multi-piece Origami: Different parts of origami are created separately and glued together.
Wetfolding: Using wet paper the folding is made and then dried. The results are much more naturally looking and stable.
Kirigami: Folding using cuts in the paper.
Crumpling: A technique created by Vincent Floderer where the paper is folded and then crumpled. After that it is brought into shape again.
Only very special and therefore very expensive Japanese paper.
Basically any paper.
The standard "origami paper" is is thin, strong, and holds a crease very well. It is also usually white on one side and colored on the other side, and is cut into 15 cm squares.
Very stiff paper is often used for making stable foldings such as gift boxes.