Social Psychology Revision Quiz 2014

107 Questions

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Social Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Select which ones are the four concerns of social psychology
    • A. 

      The impact of one individual on another

    • B. 

      The impact of a group on a members behaviour and beliefs

    • C. 

      The impact of a member on a group

    • D. 

      The impact of one group on another group

    • E. 

      The impact of a group on society

    • F. 

      The impact of a group on itself

    • G. 

      The impact of a group on the way people think and feel

  • 2. 
    ____ is the cognitive processes and structures that influence and are influenced by social behaviour
  • 3. 
    We use the term social cognition because it includes thoughts as well as ____ and ____ processes
  • 4. 
    The ________ model suggests that the way we think about people is influenced by our mood.
  • 5. 
    A _____  _____ are categories of related attributes called a proto-type
  • 6. 
    Select the two components of emotion
    • A. 

      Physiological arousal

    • B. 

      Cognitve labels

    • C. 

      Love, joy, happiness

    • D. 

      Facial expressions

  • 7. 
    ___________ are the cognitive shortcuts we use to provide us with adequate inferences for our everyday life
  • 8. 
    The development of the concept of the self has changed throughout history. Which one of the following is in the correct order of its development.
    • A. 

      Secularisation, industrialisation, enlightenment, psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Secularisation, psychoanalysis, industrialisation, enlightenment

    • C. 

      psychoanalysis, secularisation, industrialisation, enlightenment

    • D. 

      Industrialisation, psychoanalysis, enlightenment, secularisation

  • 9. 
    _____ _______ is the term used to describe the process whereby we make sense of the world through the exchange of words and actions that is both verbal and non-verbal signs.
  • 10. 
    ____________ ____________ theory proposes that we compare ourselves with others in order to establish the correct or socially approved way of thinking and behaving
  • 11. 
    ______ __________ theory proposes that we gain knowledge about ourselves through our observation of our own behaviour and actions. I did this therefore I must...
  • 12. 
    _______ _______ theory proposes that we have an actual self, an ought self, and an ideal self
  • 13. 
    We use _____ ______ to resolve actual-ideal and actual-ought discrepancies
  • 14. 
    _________ __________ is the use of various strategies to get others to view us in a positive light
  • 15. 
    Select the ones you think are ways we try to maintain our self-esteem
    • A. 

      Self-affirmation- affirming ones competence

    • B. 

      Self-serving bias- attribution of success and failure

    • C. 

      Selective social comparison- choosing which groups to compare ourselves to

    • D. 

      Self-handicapping

    • E. 

      Getting married- showing off how good we are

  • 16. 
    Brewer and Gardner proposed that there are actually three selves. The _____ self, the ______ self and the _____ self.
  • 17. 
    ________ ___________ theory helps to explain how it is that people change their attitudes in accord with their behavior, rather than the other way around.
  • 18. 
    Azjen's theory of planned behaviour proposes that predicting a behaviour from an attitude is improved if people believe they:
    • A. 

      Have control over that behavior

    • B. 

      Can do it on their own

    • C. 

      Have the support of their friends and family

    • D. 

      Won't get caught out

  • 19. 
    Azjen's theory of reasoned action proposed that the best way to predict a behaviour is to:
    • A. 

      Ask a person if they intend to do it

    • B. 

      Look at a persons behaviour in the past

    • C. 

      Ask them to sit an implicit association test

    • D. 

      Monitor their levels of physical arousal

  • 20. 
    The theory of planned behavior proposed that a persons behavioral intentions depended on:
    • A. 

      Subjective norms, attitudes towards behaviour, perceived behavioral control

    • B. 

      Norms for behaviour, intent to act, belief of control

    • C. 

      Social expectations, perceived threat, ability to cope

    • D. 

      Subjective norms, perceived threat, risk of failure

  • 21. 
    The four main variables involved in effective persuasion are: _____ ______ ______ and ______
  • 22. 
    ______ _______ model proposes that when we aren't attending directly to information we use a peripheral route- preferring advertisements with better superficial aspects. When we are attending directly to the information however we are using a central route- we prefer messages that are convincing.
  • 23. 
    The ______ _______ model is similar to the elaboration likelihood model, however it has systematic processing and heuristic processing (mental short-cuts) instead.
  • 24. 
    What determines whether a culture becomes individualistic or collectivistic?
    • A. 

      Complexity

    • B. 

      Affluence

    • C. 

      Heterogeneity

    • D. 

      Religious beliefs

  • 25. 
    ____ ____ is the principle of ‘doing unto others as they do to you’.
  • 26. 
    People’s roles in a group can be formal or informal. There are two fundamental types of roles: an ____ role to help the group achieve its tasks. An ____ role to provide emotional support and maintain morale.
  • 27. 
    ____ ____ is the belief in equality, but avoidance of minorities
  • 28. 
    _____ are categories for people who don’t fit a general stereotype
  • 29. 
    Select which of the following is the correct order of the phases of group socialisation
    • A. 

      Investigation, socialisation, maintenance, resocialisation, remembrance

    • B. 

      Investigation, resocialisation, socialisation, maintenance, remembrance

    • C. 

      Socialisation, investigation, maintenance, resocialisation, remembrance

    • D. 

      Investigation, maintenance, socialisation, resocialisation, remembrance

  • 30. 
    ____ ____ theory proposes that direct competition for valuable but limited resources breeds hostility between groups.
  • 31. 
    Select all of the factors that contribute to the escalation of intergroup conflict:
    • A. 

      Group polarization

    • B. 

      Pressure to conform

    • C. 

      Believing that all others must be eliminated for in-group progress

    • D. 

      Escalation of commitment

    • E. 

      Having the same goals as the other group

    • F. 

      Premature use of threat capacity

    • G. 

      Negative perceptions of the other

  • 32. 
    Social identity theory is made up of which two components
    • A. 

      A personal identity

    • B. 

      Multiple group identities

    • C. 

      Multiple social identities that derive from the groups we belong to

    • D. 

      Looking-glass self- who we are based on how others see us

  • 33. 
    _____ is the result of social categorisation that makes us see people as members of a group rather than individuals
  • 34. 
    _____ _____ is the process whereby someone passes from a lower status group into a higher status group or vice versa
  • 35. 
    Intergroup boundaries are impermeable, so status can only be improved by _____ higher-status groups
  • 36. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of a way to improve intergroup relations
    • A. 

      Intergroup contact/friendship

    • B. 

      Moving to closer proximity of one another

    • C. 

      Moving to closer proximity of one another

    • D. 

      Assimilation

    • E. 

      Superordinate goals

    • F. 

      Group negotiation

    • G. 

      Educating for tolerance

    • H. 

      Educating for tolerance

  • 37. 
    Which of the following are examples of the biological theories of aggression
    • A. 

      Freud- death instinct

    • B. 

      Ethology/instinct- Fighting instinct

    • C. 

      Evolutionary- evolve to facilitate survival

    • D. 

      Frustration-aggression hypothesis

  • 38. 
    _____ _____ hypothesis proposes that aggression is the release of psychological energy that results from frustration and that it is necessary and cathartic. 
  • 39. 
    ____- ____  model proposes that aggression occurs when the following three elements occur: a learned aggressive behaviour, arousal, interpretation of the arousal that would lead to aggression
  • 40. 
    ___ ___ theory proposes that aggression is the result of learning either by direct experience of reward/punishment or through modelling.
  • 41. 
    Select all that influence whether or not a child will act violently after viewing violent films
    • A. 

      Thoughts

    • B. 

      Feelings

    • C. 

      Action tendencies

    • D. 

      Genetics

  • 42. 
    Select the most positive ways to decrease aggression
    • A. 

      Distraction

    • B. 

      Pain cues from the victim

    • C. 

      Avoiding some drugs and alcohol

    • D. 

      Punishment

    • E. 

      Acting out one’s aggression in a safe controlled manner

    • F. 

      Meditation

  • 43. 
    ___ ____ proposes that we are more likely to help if we empathise with their plight- understand their perspective, feel for them, want to help
  • 44. 
    ____ ____  model- in attending to emergency, bystander calculates costs and benefits of helping compared with those who wont help
  • 45. 
    Select the following causes of the bystander effect
    • A. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

    • B. 

      Audience inhibition- embarrassment

    • C. 

      Social influence

    • D. 

      Laziness

  • 46. 
    ___ ___ paradigm found that even minimal similarities increased in-group biases
  • 47. 
    According to attribution theory, people are motivated to understand why they need or are being offered help
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    ____ ____ states that people wish to maximise their personal freedom – if we perceive that our freedom is threatened we often react with negativity, hostility an annoyance – the state of reactance.
  • 49. 
    Which of the following is NOT a contributing factor to whether or not we like someone
    • A. 

      Reciprocity – we like people who like us

    • B. 

      Social exchange theory – we like people when we perceive the benefits of a relationship outweigh the costs

    • C. 

      We like people we connect with- because they are meant to be our friends

  • 50. 
    ____- ____- ____ proposes that we weigh up what it will cost us to get a positive reward from a person - if cost too high for reward we give up on relationship
  • 51. 
     we use ____ ____ in relationships so we can have minimal costs and maximum rewards
  • 52. 
    ____ ____ are our standards that develop over time allowing us to evaluate whether or not a new relationship is profitable or not
  • 53. 
    The theory that Jack's outcomes and inputs must be equal to Jill's outcomes and inputs is ____ theory
  • 54. 
    Which of the following is NOT a contributing factor to an ongoing relationship
    • A. 

      Personal dedication

    • B. 

      Moral commitment

    • C. 

      Constraint commitment

    • D. 

      Destiny

  • 55. 
    Select the four factors contributing to relationship breakdown
    • A. 

      New life seen as only alternative

    • B. 

      Alternative partners are available

    • C. 

      One of the partners has cheated

    • D. 

      There is an expectation that the relationship will fail

    • E. 

      The spark isn't alive anymore

    • F. 

      There is a lack of commitment to continuing the relationship

  • 56. 
    Which of the following is not a viable strategy for maintaining a long term relationship
    • A. 

      Avoid arguing at all costs

    • B. 

      Enhance partners virtues; play down faults

    • C. 

      Lower expectations to fit more with partner

    • D. 

      Adjust perceptions so partner bears resemblance to ideals

  • 57. 
    Preferences (of both men and women) for such a partner are generally guided by 3 dimensions:
    • A. 

      Warmth/Trustworthiness

    • B. 

      Vitality/Attractiveness

    • C. 

      Status/Attractiveness

    • D. 

      Status/Resources

  • 58. 
    Select the following reason we disclose personal information to others
    • A. 

      Social approval

    • B. 

      To increase our self-esteem

    • C. 

      Relationship development

    • D. 

      Self-expression

    • E. 

      Self-clarification

    • F. 

      Social control

    • G. 

      To get people to sympathise with us

  • 59. 
    In general, we most like people whose self disclosure is _____ and _____
  • 60. 
    Which of the following things determine equality in a relationship
    • A. 

      The principle of least interest

    • B. 

      Social norms and attitudes

    • C. 

      Balance of responsibility

    • D. 

      Relative resources

    • E. 

      Balance of finances

  • 61. 
    Select which of the following factors increase commitment to relationships
    • A. 

      Positive Illusions about Relationships

    • B. 

      Misremembering the Past

    • C. 

      Avoiding arguments

    • D. 

      Forgoing Tempting Alternative Partners

    • E. 

      Explaining a Partner’s Behaviour in a charitable fashion

    • F. 

      Being slightly dishonest to save feelings

    • G. 

      Willingness to Sacrifice

    • H. 

      Accommodation & Forgiveness

  • 62. 
    Two psyches- two selves
    • _____ self- I have a good sense of humour
    • ______ self- I enjoy telling jokes with my friends
  • 63. 
    _____- learning about behaviour of another culture
  • 64. 
    Communication:
    • A. 

      Involves our relationships with others

    • B. 

      Is built upon shared understanding of meaning

    • C. 

      Is something we only learn

    • D. 

      How other people influence each other

  • 65. 
    ___ speech is the medium of thought___ speech is the medium of social communication
  • 66. 
    ___ ____- language determines thought- people who speak different languages therefore think differently (extreme and flawed principle)
  • 67. 
    ____- the non-linguistic accompaniments of speech (pitch, tone, speed, pauses)
  • 68. 
    Speech contains ___ ___; convey mood, context, status and group membership
  • 69. 
    Use two major dimensions to judge people on their speech
    • ____ (intelligent, competent, powerful)
    • ____ (close, friendly, warm)
  • 70. 
    ____ _____ theory- ethnic groups can differ from each other in language or speech style
  • 71. 
    ____ _____- whether or not people hold onto their accents
  • 72. 
    Non verbal communication allows us to:
    • A. 

      Work out information about how someone feels

    • B. 

      Regulate interactions

    • C. 

      Read peoples thoughts

    • D. 

      Express intimacy

    • E. 

      Influence peoples behaviour

    • F. 

      Establish dominance or control

    • G. 

      Facilitate goal attainment

  • 73. 
    ____ ____ are cultural and situational rules about appropriate emotion expression
  • 74. 
    ___- linguistics of body language
  • 75. 
    ____- gestures that replace or stand in for broken language
  • 76. 
    ____- study of interpersonal distance
  • 77. 
    ____- perceived space around oneself that is perceived to be a part of oneself
  • 78. 
    ___-____ theory proposes that when intimacy is increased in one modality it will decrease in another i.e. more physical touching less eye contact
  • 79. 
    Festinger's theory of social comparison implies that people:
    • A. 

      Check their perceptions and attitudes against others who are similar to them

    • B. 

      Counteract potential criticism by undermining their 'enemies'

    • C. 

      Learn from their errors by asking others what they think

    • D. 

      Compare the qualities of various groups before choosing one to join

  • 80. 
    The theory of planned behaviour extended the theory of reasoned action by:
    • A. 

      Defining 'intention'

    • B. 

      Adding the variable of perceived behavioural control

    • C. 

      Re-arranging the three components of 'beliefs', 'intention' and 'action'

    • D. 

      Specifying the questions that are asked in order to predict behaviour

  • 81. 
    In societies characterised by a social mobility belief system individuals can improve the quality of their social identity by: 
    • A. 

      Emigrating

    • B. 

      Assimilating into a high-status group

    • C. 

      Challenging the higher-status group

    • D. 

      Engaging in civil rights activities

  • 82. 
    Which of the following theories or approaches to accounting for aggression is not based in biology or primitive instincts? 
    • A. 

      Evolutionary social psychology

    • B. 

      Psychoanalytic theory

    • C. 

      Social learning theory

    • D. 

      Ethology

  • 83. 
    A major flaw in the frustration-aggression model was that it: 
    • A. 

      Was unable to account for the effects of stressors such as very hot weather

    • B. 

      Could not predict which frustrating events acted as a precursor to the aggression

    • C. 

      Could only apply to a long-standing feud between two groups

    • D. 

      Could not explain actions taken by the Mafia

  • 84. 
    The acquisition, instigation and maintenance of aggressive behaviour are concepts featured in: 
    • A. 

      Bandura's social learning theory

    • B. 

      Evolutionary social psychology

    • C. 

      The frustration-aggression model

    • D. 

      The behavioural stage model

  • 85. 
    To attend to what is happening, to assume responsibility and to decide what can be done are: 
    • A. 

      Steps in Latané and Darley's cognitive model of bystander intervention

    • B. 

      Indicators that it is too late to help in an emergency

    • C. 

      How bystanders get to know each other

    • D. 

      Stages of the diffusion of responsibility model

  • 86. 
    The terms 'comparison level', 'minimax strategy' and 'profit' are terms used in the: 
    • A. 

      Social exchange theory of attraction

    • B. 

      Equity theory

    • C. 

      Reinforcement-affect model

    • D. 

      Theory of cognitive dissonance

  • 87. 
    If you studied TURN TAKING INTERRUPTING, GREETINGS and LEAVE TAKING you would be interested, first and foremost, in which broad function of communication? 
    • A. 

      Status and Power

    • B. 

      Interaction regulation

    • C. 

      Interpersonal affiliation

    • D. 

      Social identity