Quiz: Critical Thinking Trivia Questions!

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 69

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Quiz: Critical Thinking Trivia Questions!

When it comes to learning a new language, there are some things that you need to ensure you have on the tip of your hands. Are you just getting to learn more about the English language but have been having a hard time when it comes to some components? The quiz below will test you on thinking and language. Give it a try and get to learn some more.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The beginning of babies' receptive language development is best illustrated by their capacity to
    • A. 

      Recognize the distinctive sound of their own voice.

    • B. 

      Match another person's distinctive mouth movements with the appropriate sounds.

    • C. 

      Babble only sounds that are part of the household language.

    • D. 

      Comprehend the meaning of languages they have never experienced.

    • E. 

      Speak in short, telegraphic sentences.

  • 2. 
    In the words “helped” and “called,” the “ed” ending is a(n)
    • A. 

      Prototype

    • B. 

      Morpheme

    • C. 

      Heuristic

    • D. 

      Algorithm

    • E. 

      Syntax

  • 3. 
    Because she believes that boys are naughtier than girls, Mrs. Zumpano, a second-grade teacher, watches boys more closely than she watches girls for any signs of misbehavior. Mrs. Zumpano's surveillance strategy best illustrates
    • A. 

      The availability heuristic.

    • B. 

      Confirmation bias.

    • C. 

      Functional fixedness.

    • D. 

      The representativeness heuristic.

    • E. 

      The framing effect.

  • 4. 
    On Monday, the meteorologist forecast a 20 percent chance of rain, so Sheryl took her umbrella to work. On Friday, he reported an 80 percent chance that it would not rain, so Sheryl left her umbrella at home. Sheryl's behavior illustrates the impact of
    • A. 

      Confirmation bias.

    • B. 

      The belief perseverance phenomenon.

    • C. 

      Overconfidence.

    • D. 

      The representativeness heuristic.

    • E. 

      The framing effect.

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      The belief perseverance phenomenon.

    • B. 

      The representativeness heuristic.

    • C. 

      Confirmation bias.

    • D. 

      Fixations.

    • E. 

      The availability heuristic.

  • 6. 
    When someone mentions hamburgers, Trisha immediately thinks of McDonald's. In this instance, McDonald's is a
    • A. 

      Mental set.

    • B. 

      Heuristic

    • C. 

      Prototype.

    • D. 

      Fixation.

    • E. 

      Phoneme.

  • 7. 
    If a stranger looks like someone who previously harmed or threatened us in some way, we may—without consciously recalling the earlier experience—react warily. This illustrates that our reactions to others may be influenced by
    • A. 

      Critical period

    • B. 

      Algorithms algorithms

    • C. 

      Intuition

    • D. 

      Fixation

    • E. 

      Framing

  • 8. 
    Intrinsic motivation is thought to be an important component of
    • A. 

      Insight

    • B. 

      Creativity

    • C. 

      The availability heuristic

    • D. 

      Functional fixedness

    • E. 

      Belief perseverance

  • 9. 
    Most people take less time to identify a cow as a mammal than a mouse as a mammal because a cow more closely resembles their mammal
    • A. 

      Prototype

    • B. 

      Hierarchy

    • C. 

      Heuristic

    • D. 

      Algorithm

    • E. 

      Confirmation bias

  • 10. 
    Despite overwhelming and highly publicized evidence that Senator McEwan was guilty of serious political corruption and misconduct, many who had supported her in past elections remained convinced of her political integrity. Their reaction best illustrates
    • A. 

      Functional fixedness

    • B. 

      The representative heuristic

    • C. 

      Belief perseverance

    • D. 

      The availability heuristic

    • E. 

      The framing effect

  • 11. 
    When we use the word “automobile” to refer to a category of transport vehicles, we are using this word as a(n)
    • A. 

      Mental set

    • B. 

      Heuristic

    • C. 

      Concept

    • D. 

      Algorithm

    • E. 

      Phoneme

  • 12. 
    Telegraphic speech is most closely associated with the ________ stage of language development.
    • A. 

      One-word

    • B. 

      Babbling

    • C. 

      Two-word

    • D. 

      Semantic

    • E. 

      Phonetic

  • 13. 
    How many phonemes are in the word “bats”?
    • A. 

      0

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      3

    • E. 

      4

  • 14. 
    Those who learn sign language as teens never become as fluent as children exposed to sign language from birth. This best illustrates the importance of ________ for mastering language.
    • A. 

      Heuristics

    • B. 

      Telegraphic speech

    • C. 

      A critical period

    • D. 

      Reinforcement

    • E. 

      Syntax

  • 15. 
    Marlene forgot to bring a pillow on the camping trip, so she spent a very uncomfortable and restless night. Unfortunately, she never thought of using her down-filled jacket as a pillow. Marlene's oversight best illustrates
    • A. 

      Confirmation bias

    • B. 

      Belief perseverance

    • C. 

      Functional fixedness

    • D. 

      The availability heuristic

    • E. 

      Overconfidence

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      In Parviz' speech, consonant phonemes carry more information than do vowel phonemes.

    • B. 

      As an infant, Parviz lost the ability to produce sounds he never heard.

    • C. 

      The rules for English syntax and semantics differ from what Parviz learned as a child.

    • D. 

      Non-English languages are typically more telegraphic, affecting Parviz' current speech patterns.

    • E. 

      Parviz' language acquisition device did not “switch on,” so he could produce English phonemes correctly.

  • 17. 
    Daniel was asked to write down as many words as he could think of that contained the letter d. To complete this task Daniel would rely on
    • A. 

      Divergent thinking

    • B. 

      Framing

    • C. 

      Convergent thinking

    • D. 

      Belief perseverance

    • E. 

      The availability heuristic

  • 18. 
    Eva had difficulty recognizing that a sea horse was a fish because it did not closely resemble her fish
    • A. 

      Hierarchy

    • B. 

      Heuristic

    • C. 

      Algorithm

    • D. 

      Prototype

    • E. 

      Fixation

  • 19. 
    Which of the following best illustrates psychology's current understanding of the relationship between thinking and language?
    • A. 

      Language determines the way we think.

    • B. 

      Thought and language are unrelated.

    • C. 

      All thinking must be language-based.

    • D. 

      Cognition and language are processed in the occipital lobe.

    • E. 

      Thinking affects language, which then affects our thoughts.

  • 20. 
    Raul and Sophia were having a picnic when it started to rain. They did not think of using their big plastic tablecloth as a temporary rain shelter and so were drenched within minutes. Their oversight best illustrates
    • A. 

      The availability heuristic.

    • B. 

      Confirmation bias.

    • C. 

      Belief perseverance.

    • D. 

      Functional fixedness.

    • E. 

      Overconfidence.

  • 21. 
    Kevin did not know whether the locker room was located down the short hallway to his right or down the long hallway to his left. Crossing his fingers, he decided to try the short hallway. His problem strategy best illustrates
    • A. 

      Confirmation bias.

    • B. 

      Functional fixedness.

    • C. 

      Trial and error.

    • D. 

      Belief perseverance.

    • E. 

      The availability heuristic.

  • 22. 
    The system of rules in a language that enables us to understand and communicate with others is called
    • A. 

      An algorithm

    • B. 

      Telegraphic Speech

    • C. 

      Grammar

    • D. 

      A heuristic

    • E. 

      Morphemes

  • 23. 
    Mentally segmenting other's spoken sounds into individual words best illustrates a 7-month-old's capacity for
    • A. 

      Telegraphic speech

    • B. 

      Receptive language

    • C. 

      Functional fixedness

    • D. 

      Productive language

    • E. 

      Babbling

  • 24. 
    With which of the following statements will people typically agree most quickly?
    • A. 

      A penguin is a bird.

    • B. 

      A goose is a bird.

    • C. 

      A robin is a bird.

    • D. 

      An ostrich is a bird.

    • E. 

      A flamingo is a bird.

  • 25. 
    When her teacher mentioned the arms race, Krista understood that the word “arms” referred to weapons and not to body parts. Krista's correct interpretation best illustrates the importance of
    • A. 

      Semantics

    • B. 

      The representative heuristic

    • C. 

      Syntax

    • D. 

      Morphemes

    • E. 

      Prototype