Biology B - Unit 2 Pretest

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 43

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Biology B - Unit 2 Pretest


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A student eats several salty pretzels and then finds herself very thirsty afterwards.  Based on your knowledge of cells and their environment, why are they so parched?
  • 2. 
    Describe how the following components build upon each other to make life possible.  In other words, work your way from smallest to largest to explain how we are living, breathing organisms.Cell, Organ, Organelle, Organism, Organ System, Tissue
  • 3. 
    If a cell were to have non-functional Golgi Complexes, why would it be unable to survive?
  • 4. 
    While looking at a sample of bacteria, a student has his microscope at 400X magnification.  The image is a little fuzzy.  How should he properly adjust the microscope to get a clear image?
  • 5. 
    What are the 3 Domains of life?
    • A. 

      Eukaryota, Bacteria, Archaea

    • B. 

      Eukaryota, Animalia, Plantae

    • C. 

      Bacteria, Animalia, Fungi

    • D. 

      Plantae, Animalia, Fungi

  • 6. 
    Pictured is an organism that lives under extreme conditions of low oxygen.  Which domain would this organism belong to?
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Archaea

    • C. 

      Eukaryota

    • D. 

      Animalia

  • 7. 
    Based on the above image, what kingdom would this cell belong to?
    • A. 

      Animalia

    • B. 

      Plantae

    • C. 

      Monera

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 8. 
    Which cellular organelle is plays a role in producing energy for the cell via ATP?
    • A. 

      Golgi Apparatus

    • B. 

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

  • 9. 
    Image (a) shows a cell in a ______________ solution.
    • A. 

      Hypertonic

    • B. 

      Hypotonic

    • C. 

      Isotonic

  • 10. 
    Which of the following organisms are prokaryotic?
    • A. 

      Plants

    • B. 

      Animals

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 11. 
    When the side length of the cell ________________, the ratio of surface area:volume ______________. 
    • A. 

      Increases, Increase

    • B. 

      Increases, Decreases

    • C. 

      Decreases, Decreases

  • 12. 
    The above image is of a Golgi Complex, this organelle plays a role in:
    • A. 

      Packaging and Transport

    • B. 

      Energy Production

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Storing Genetic Information

  • 13. 
    Bacteria are responsible for many illnesses.  Which kingdom was responsible for producing the first antibiotics for combat bacteria diseases?
    • A. 

      Monera

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Plantae

    • D. 

      Animalia

  • 14. 
    If a microscope has an Ocular lens of 10X and an Objective lens of 4X, what is the magnification?
    • A. 

      14X

    • B. 

      6X

    • C. 

      40X

    • D. 

      400X

  • 15. 
    Under which circumstances can the coarse focus knob be used?
    • A. 

      Low power

    • B. 

      Low and medium power

    • C. 

      Medium and high power

    • D. 

      High power

  • 16. 
    A cell might burst if it is placed under ___________ conditions.
    • A. 

      Hypotonic

    • B. 

      Isotonic

    • C. 

      Hypertonic

  • 17. 
    Shown above are infectious, prokaryotic organisms.  They are known as:
    • A. 

      Viruses

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Protists

  • 18. 
    The cellular membrane is made from lipids (or fats).  This lipids posses:
    • A. 

      Non-polar heads and polar tails

    • B. 

      Non-polar heads and non-polar tails

    • C. 

      Polar heads and non-polar tails

    • D. 

      Polar heads and polar tails

  • 19. 
    What do plants and fungi have in common that animal cells lack?
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Cell Walls

    • C. 

      Vesicles

    • D. 

      Nuclei

  • 20. 
    What is a protein that serves as a catalyst in biological reactions?
    • A. 

      Enzyme

    • B. 

      Lipid

    • C. 

      Carbohydrate

    • D. 

      Solute

  • 21. 
    Which kingdom plays a large role in the digestion and repurposing on dead and decaying material?
    • A. 

      Animalia

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Plantae

    • D. 

      Monera

  • 22. 
    Enzymes living in the stomach have evolved to operate under which pH ranges?
    • A. 

    • B. 

      4 - 7

    • C. 

      7 - 10

    • D. 

      >10

  • 23. 
    In what order should the following be placed on a slide in a wet mount?
    • A. 

      Specimen, Water, Coverslip

    • B. 

      Coverslip, Specimen, Water

    • C. 

      Water, Specimen, Coverslip

  • 24. 
    The amount of light being transmitted through a slide can be adjusted via a microscopes:
    • A. 

      Fine focus

    • B. 

      Stage

    • C. 

      Diaphragm

    • D. 

      Arm

  • 25. 
    Which appeared on Earth first?
    • A. 

      Animals

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Plants

    • D. 

      Fungi

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