The only level of military echelon that uses strategy planning.
The lowest level of decision making when planning for contingencies.
The highest level of decision making when planning for contingencies.
The second largest group of military strategists within the war planning echelon.
Commander in chief (CINC).
Deployed forces commander.
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS).
Ranking group-level expeditionary commander.
Input from the staff weather officer (SWO).
The inputs of weather and intelligence personnel.
Current and past evens, without regard to data sensitivity.
Current events and conducted in a time-sensitive situations and emergencies.
All types of natural disasters that accurate forecasts can prevent.
The types of contingencies that are recognized as long term threats.
The most likely contingencies that may occur in the near term future.
Weather related products that could prevent lost operating hours during deployments.
Crisis Action Planning.
Joint Operations Planning.
Natural disaster relief.
Counter air operations.
Strategic and Operational.
Operational and Tactical.
Operational, Strategic, and Tactical.
Define the battle space environment.
Describe the battle space effects.
Determine the adversary potential courses of action (COA).
Determine the current adversary situation.
Identifying those persons of objects needing removal.
The process of eliminating targets from controlled operational air space.
The process of engaging all unfriendly targets within the area of operations.
The process of selecting targets and measuring the results or response of the target selection.
About 30 days.
One to two weeks.
Seven duty days.
Target development phase.
Target engagement phase.
Target recognition phase.
Target elimination phase.
Destruction of all enemy assets.
Control of all weather reporting sites.
Infiltration of the enemy's intelligence branch.
Destruction of disruption of the enemy's center of gravity (COG).
What we will attack.
Exactly when we will attack.
In what order we will attack.
For what duration we will attack.
Conduct prompt operations.
Add support to units calling air strikes.
Conduct prompt operations in foreign lands.
Prompt and sustained land combat operations.
US Army Pacific.
US Army in Europe.
US Army Forces Command.
US Army South.
To deploy and sustain air forces capable of responding rapidly to crises worldwide.
To enhance combat ready forces capable of responding rapidly to crises worldwide.
To train, mobilize, deploy and sustain air forces capable of responding rapidly to crisis worldwide.
To train, mobilize, deploy and sustain combat ready forces capable of responding rapidly to crisis worldwide.
Colonels and above.
Colonels or brigadier generals.
War and conflict.
Peacetime, conflict, and war.
Real world exercise.
Military operations other that war.
To influence world events by introducing actions that might unsettle nations.
To influence world events through actions that break apart unfriendly nations.
To influence world events through those actions that rarely occurs between nations.
To influence world events through those actions that routinely occurs between nations.
The use of ground troops in operations.
The use of ground troops in operations in hostile areas.
The use of force in combat operations against an armed enemy.
The use of force in combat operations against an enemy, armed or otherwise.
The time necessary to defeat the enemy force.
The space necessary to complete the assigned mission.
The space necessary to defeat the enemy forces or to complete the assigned mission.
The time and space necessary to defeat the enemy force or to complete the assigned mission.
Area of Interest (AI).
Area of Operations (AO).
Area of Responsibility (AOR).
Area of Tactical Responsibility (ATR).
HQ Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA).
Armed service representative.
The tactical unit's supporting Operational Weather Squadron (OWS).
Crisis action planning.
Emergency action planning.
Psychological operations (PSYOPS) planning
OPLANs are usually derived for the OPORD.
An OPLAN is more time sensitive than an OPORD.
An OPORD is a directive to execute a military operations.
Weather units sometimes maintain more than one OPRORD.
Annex H of the joint operational execution and planning system (JOPES).
Annex H of the operational plan (OPLAN).
Appendix H of operational order (OPORD).
Appendix H of the OPLAN.
The custodian of the document classifies the OPLAN as TOP SECRET.
The originator of the document classifies the OPLAN as TOP SECRET.
The custodian of the document classifies the OPLAN at a level commensurate with the highest classified portion of the document.
The originator of the document classifies the OPLAN at a level commensurate with the highest classified portion of the document.
Low frequency (LF) and frequency modulation (FM) radios.
High frequency (HF) and frequency modulation (FM) radios.
Ultra low frequency (ULF) and frequency modulation (FM) radios.
Ultra high frequency (UHF) and amplitude modulation (AM) radios.
Iridium Satellite Phone.
Mobile subscriber equipment (MSE).
Weather effects workstation (WEW).
Integrated Meteorological System (IMETS).
A modem and high frequency (HF) transmitter.
A modem and radio frequency (RF) transmitter.
A secure modem and high frequency (HF) transmitter.
A secure modem and radio frequency (RF) transmitter.
9505a handset, battery, secure sleeve and Radio Frequency (RF) antenna.
9505a handset, battery, secure sleeve and Ultra High Frequency (UHF) antenna.
9505a handset, battery, Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) card, secure sleeve and fixed antenna.
9505a handset, battery, Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) card, secure sleeve and mobile antenna.
To help the war fighter understand the effects of terrestrial and space weather.
To ensure that the accuracy of weather forecasts take precedence over timeliness of data.
To provide the war fighter tailored weather information that enhances combat effectiveness.
To collect and analyze terrestrial and space weather data without respect to war fighter relevance.
Accurate weather forecasts covering a global scale.
Accurate and relevant weather forecasts in a timely manner.
Timely weather forecasts for all operations regardless of accuracy.
Accurate and relevant weather forecasts regardless of actual timeliness.
Quickly identify and correct any erroneous weather analysis.
Manipulate the weather data further to ensure relevancy to the war fighter.
Quickly identify and apply relevant information without additional analysis.
Continue to manipulate and correct the data to ensure accuracy and timeliness.
Successful and effective accomplishments of specific military operations.
War fighter's ability to understand the weather's affect on the current mission.
The specific degree to which the forecast is or is not accurate and relevant to the user.
How many times the weather forecast must be amended or corrected before the mission ends.
Forecasting and tailored application.
It is accurate, no matter how long it takes to reach the user.
It is relevant to the mission at hand, regardless of timeliness.
It is in keeping with climatological values for know events.
It reaches the user in time to be of operational or planning value.
Use the appropriate software application to obtain forecasts.
Ask the weather forecaster to make changes to the weather data.
Make informed decisions about the design and operation of a plan.
Create hard and fast war plans that will not require changes due to adverse weather.
Large degradation to the mission.
A cancellation of any planned missions.
No degradation to the mission of any kind.
The occurrence of some degradation to the mission.
The limitations and capabilities of each airframe and the scope of the operation.
The physical geography of the regions your customer will operate in and around.
The necessity of intelligence gathering operations performed by your customer.
The experience level of your customer and how long they need for acclimatization.
Lower emissivity heats or cools faster than the other.
Higher emissivity heats or cools faster than the other.
Lower radiative temperature heats or cools faster than the other.
Higher radiative temperature heats or cools faster than the other.
Speed of light is faster in water.
Speed of light is slower in water.
Apparent contrast of water is lower than air.
Apparent contrast of water is higher than air.
During the solar maximum.
During the solar minimum.
Two to three years immediately following a solar maximum.
Two to three years immediately following a solar minimum.
Sudden ionospheric disturbances.
Short wave fades.
Sudden ionospheric disturbances.
Current technology for detecting solar flares is limited.
The flare detection equipment network operates on an 8 minute delay.
Very little climatology concerning initial stages of solar flares is available.
The X-ray, ultraviolet, optical, and radio waves flares emit travel at the speed of light.
Shortly after the flare ends.
At the same time the flare ends.
During the onset of the next solar maximum.
Several hours to a few days following the flare.
A few hours to several days after the flare ends.
A few minutes to one hour after the flare ends.
Several weeks to one month after the flare begins.
Until the effects are broken by the onset of another flare.
False sensor readings.
Absorption of high frequency (HF) radio signals.
Omnidirectional antenna failure.
The ionosphere's strongest (of F) layer.
An abnormally high fading of a high frequency (HF) radio signal.
The normal mode of radiowave propagation in the high frequency (HF) range.
The portion of the ionosphere with the greatest degree of ionization.
The higher the frequency the less the degree of refraction caused by the F-layer.
Surface based operations use the normal mode of radiowave propagation by default.
It has been determined that extreme high frequencies (EHF) cause radio interference on the earth.
The F-layer continually disrupts the use of very high (VHF) and extreme high frequencies (EHF) on the earth.
The range of frequencies between a lowest usable frequency (LUF) and maximum useable frequency (MUF).
An immediate effect experienced with the observation of a solar flare.
A short wave fade (SWF) event that is strong enough to close the high frequency (HF) propagation window completely.
That frequency threshold signaling too much absorption, preventing signal passage through the D-layer.
Not possible to forecast due to model bias.
Best forecast using climatology and persistence.
Best forecast by collaborative effort with civilian counterparts.
Not possible to forecast since they are experienced simultaneously with observation of the solar flare.
Solar radio bursts.
Solar radio nose storms.
Particle delayed effects.
Particle delayed effects.
Solar radio noise storms.
Geomagnetic delayed events.
Ionospheric delayed effects.
The sun rotates once every 27 days.
They are influenced by the lunar cycle.
Climatology shows that solar flares occur in 27-day cycles.
They can only be detected during lunar darkness.
Particle bombardment from space.
Interaction of particles with aurora.
The enhanced influences of the polar caps.
The extreme nature of seasonal day and night lengths.
A short wave fade event.
A polar cap absorption event.
An auroral zone absorption event.
A geomagnetic or ionospheric storm event.
The aftermath of geomagnetic storms.
Particles from the magnetosphere's tail.
Polar cap absorption events and solar flares.
Extremely long and persistent short wave fade events.
Rogue particles from the magnetosphere's tail.
The extreme variation of sun angles near the polar caps.
Intense ionospheric irregularities found in the auroral zones.
The immediate nature of effects produced by solar radio bursts.
Relatively uncommon in polar regions.
Relatively common in equatorial regions.
Intense geomagnetic irregularities found in the ozone.
The rapid, random variation in signal amplitude, phase, and/or polarization.
A sudden influx in apparent satellite network traffic.
Signal fading and data drop outs on satellite uplinks and data downlinks.
Increases in signal strength to the degree which satellite data is unreadable.
False readouts on radar, satellite, and geological sensors in the middle latitudes.
A radio signal is not in use in or around the affected region.
Radio signals are traveling close enough to the region to intercept it.
The signal is strong enough to avoid excessive refraction by the F-layer.
The signal penetrates an ionospheric region where electron density irregularities are occurring.
Operation Desert Storm.
Operation Deny Hope.
World War II.
Radio signal failure.
Solar radio bursts.
Unexpected auroral activity.
Miscalculated atmospheric drag.
Decreases an object's altitude and increases it's orbital speed.
Increases an object's altitude and increases it's orbital speed.
Decreases an object's altitude and decreases it's orbital speed.
Increases an object's altitude and decreases it's orbital speed.
Satellite mechanism failures.
Inaccurate satellite locations.
Unreliable de-orbit prediction.
Costly orbit maintenance maneuvers.
Forecast the necessity of navigational alterations.
Compare solar activity to tropospheric changes.
Predict the impact of short wave fade events.
Predict the orbits of space objects.
The extreme ends of the known radiation belts.
The only detectable radiation belts presently known.
Actually composed of three regions of trapped charged particles.
Two concentric, donut-shaped regions of trapped particles.
Low energy electrons.
High energy protons and electrons.
Low to medium energy protons and electrons.
Medium to high energy protons and electrons.
It lies near the outer boundary of the Outer Belt.
It lies near the inner boundary of the Outer Belt.
It lies near the inner boundary of the Inner Belt.
It lies near the outer boundary of the Inner Belt.
It lies near the middle of the Inner Belt.
It lies near the middle of the Outer Belt.
It lies along the inner boundary of the Inner Belt.
It lies just outside the outer boundary of the Inner Belt.
About 1 to 5 times more numerous than protons.
About 5 to 10 times more numerous than protons.
About 10 to 100 times more numerous than protons.
About 100 to 1000 times more numerous than protons.
Motion through a medium containing charged particles.
Directed particle bombardment during geomagnetic storms and proton events.
Unexpected solar events.
Surface charging phenomena.
Electrical and radiation hazards.
Core sector charging phenomena.
False sensor readings.
Spurious circuit switching.
Failure of onboard modeling sensors.
Failure of electronic components, thermal coatings, and solar cells.
Rather small, unnoticed solar flares.
The middle of the Outer Van Allen Belt.
Various sources that is rather difficult to forecast.
Very largest solar flares or galactic sources outside our Solar System.