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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which colorful mineral has the formula:  Na(Mg, Fe, Mn, Li, Al)3Al(Si6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH, F)4
    • A. 

      Diopside

    • B. 

      Vesuvianite

    • C. 

      Turmaline

    • D. 

      Realgar

  • 2. 
    Which crystalsystem does the feldspar Orthoclaese belong to?
    • A. 

      Monoclinic

    • B. 

      Triclinic

    • C. 

      Cubic

    • D. 

      Orthorombic

  • 3. 
    The clam Littorina littorea has lived in Östersjön in postglacial time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Which country in Europe has the highest mountain peak?
    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      Russia

    • C. 

      Italy

    • D. 

      Switzerland

  • 5. 
    Which of these is oldest?
    • A. 

      Yoldia Sea

    • B. 

      Littorina Sea

    • C. 

      Baltic Ice Lake

    • D. 

      Ancylus Lake

  • 6. 
    According to Moh´s scale of hardness, which mineral has the hardness of 6?
    • A. 

      Talc

    • B. 

      Topaz

    • C. 

      Kalifeldspar

    • D. 

      Diamond

  • 7. 
    When is the Permian time period?
    • A. 

      298.9 – 252.17 Ma

    • B. 

      145 – 66.0 Ma

    • C. 

      358.9 – 298.9 Ma

    • D. 

      541 – 485.4 Ma

  • 8. 
     Which rock type is known for containing omphacite, often pyrope and no plagioclase?
    • A. 

      Blueschist

    • B. 

      Eclogite

    • C. 

      Porphyr

    • D. 

      Marble

  • 9. 
    Which of these trees migrated to the area around Gothenburg last?
    • A. 

      Birch

    • B. 

      Spruce

    • C. 

      Beech

    • D. 

      Elm

  • 10. 
    When is the Jurassic time period?
    • A. 

      485.4 – 443.4 Ma

    • B. 

      201.3 – 145 Ma

    • C. 

      443.4 – 419.2 Ma

    • D. 

      252.17 – 201.3 Ma

  • 11. 
    Which mountain range gave its name to a rock type?
    • A. 

      The Alps

    • B. 

      The Appalachians

    • C. 

      The Andes

    • D. 

      The Rocky Mountains

  • 12. 
    What are the walls of pollen grains constructed of?
    • A. 

      Sporopollenin

    • B. 

      Xylem

    • C. 

      Polymer

    • D. 

      Phosphorus

  • 13. 
    Which of these minerals are not considered as an ore mineral?
    • A. 

      Magnetite

    • B. 

      Sphalerite

    • C. 

      Galena

    • D. 

      Aluminium

  • 14. 
    When is the Cretaceous time period?
    • A. 

      66 – 23.03 Ma

    • B. 

      201.3 – 145 Ma

    • C. 

      252.17 – 201.3 Ma

    • D. 

      145 – 66.0 Ma

  • 15. 
    Is chrysolite considered to be an asbestos?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Which specific group in the periodic table does Osmium, Palladium, Ruthenium belong to?
    • A. 

      Alkaline-group metals

    • B. 

      Arsenic-group metals

    • C. 

      Sulfur-group metals

    • D. 

      Platinum-group metals

  • 17. 
    When is the Paleogene time period?
    • A. 

      201.3 – 145 Ma

    • B. 

      23.03 – 2.58 Ma

    • C. 

      145 – 66.0 Ma

    • D. 

      66 – 23.03 Ma

  • 18. 
    Which is the most important mineral for lithium exploration (hint: The gem industry calls a variety of this mineral as kunzite)
    • A. 

      Scapolite

    • B. 

      Labrodorite

    • C. 

      Onyx

    • D. 

      Spodumene

  • 19. 
    Which gem industry mineral was in the early 70ths called “the blue zoisite” and later changed name after a specific African region?
    • A. 

      Congonite

    • B. 

      Gabonite

    • C. 

      Zambianite

    • D. 

      Tanzanite

  • 20. 
    Name the organism:
    • A. 

      Coccolithophore

    • B. 

      Coccolith

    • C. 

      Amoeba

    • D. 

      Diatom

  • 21. 
    When is the Neogene time period?
    • A. 

      66 – 23.03 Ma

    • B. 

      145 – 66.0 Ma

    • C. 

      23.03 – 2.58 Ma

    • D. 

      2.58 Ma – present

  • 22. 
    Which of these minerals contain tin?
    • A. 

      Stannite

    • B. 

      Cassiterite

    • C. 

      Serpentinite

    • D. 

      Allanite

  • 23. 
    When is the Triassic time period?
    • A. 

      541 – 485.4 Ma

    • B. 

      252.17 – 201.3 Ma

    • C. 

      201.3 – 145 Ma

    • D. 

      485.4 – 443.4 Ma

  • 24. 
    Which organism is responsible for this white colored rock:
    • A. 

      Hyalinea balthica

    • B. 

      Diatoms

    • C. 

      Coccoliths

    • D. 

      Delphinapterus leucas

  • 25. 
    What is the most intense magnitude recorded by man, based on the Richterscale?
    • A. 

      9.3

    • B. 

      8.9

    • C. 

      9.9

    • D. 

      9.5

  • 26. 
    When is the Carboniferous time period?
    • A. 

      485.4 – 443.4 Ma

    • B. 

      419.2 – 358.9 Ma

    • C. 

      358.9 – 298.9 Ma

    • D. 

      541 – 485.4 Ma

  • 27. 
    What time period is between c. 541 – 485.4 Ma?
    • A. 

      Carboniferous

    • B. 

      Triassic

    • C. 

      Cretaceous

    • D. 

      Cambrian

  • 28. 
    What rule of thumbs apply with increasing depth below the surface of the Earth?
    • A. 

      30 MPa/km in the crust

    • B. 

      300 MPa/km in the mantle

    • C. 

      35 MPa/km in the mantle

    • D. 

      300 Mpa/km in the crust

  • 29. 
    Under which geological period was this rock formed:
    • A. 

      Jurassic

    • B. 

      Oligocene

    • C. 

      Triassic

    • D. 

      Cretaceous

  • 30. 
    Which rock makes up most of the oceanic crust?
    • A. 

      Shale

    • B. 

      Mudstone

    • C. 

      Basalt

    • D. 

      Limestone

  • 31. 
    Name the organism:
    • A. 

      Cassidulina laevigata

    • B. 

      Textularia earlandi

    • C. 

      Stainforthia fusiformis

    • D. 

      Hyalinea balthica

  • 32. 
    When is the Quarternary?
    • A. 

      23.03 – 2.58 Ma

    • B. 

      2.58 Ma – present

    • C. 

      66 – 23.03 Ma

    • D. 

      145 – 66.0 Ma

  • 33. 
    Which of these is a metamorphic rock?
    • A. 

      Slate

    • B. 

      Shale

    • C. 

      Flint

    • D. 

      Chert

  • 34. 
    Name the organism:
    • A. 

      Textularia earlandi

    • B. 

      Hyalinea balthica

    • C. 

      Stainforthia fusiformis

    • D. 

      Cassidulina laevigata

  • 35. 
    What geochronological rank is the Quarternary?
    • A. 

      Era

    • B. 

      Period

    • C. 

      Epoch

    • D. 

      Eon

  • 36. 
    What geochronological rank is the Paleogene?
    • A. 

      Epoch

    • B. 

      Era

    • C. 

      Eon

    • D. 

      Period

  • 37. 
    Name the organism:
    • A. 

      Hyalinea balthica

    • B. 

      Stainforthia fusiformis

    • C. 

      Textularia earlandi

    • D. 

      Cassidulina laevigata

  • 38. 
    What geochronological rank is the Phanerozoic?
    • A. 

      Eon

    • B. 

      Period Period

    • C. 

      Epoch

    • D. 

      Era

  • 39. 
    What geochronological rank is the Hadean?
    • A. 

      Peiod

    • B. 

      Eon

    • C. 

      Era

    • D. 

      Epoch

  • 40. 
    Name the organism:
    • A. 

      Stainforthia fusiformis

    • B. 

      Cassidulina laevigata

    • C. 

      Textularia earlandi

    • D. 

      Hyalinea balthica

  • 41. 
    What geochronological rank is the Archean?
    • A. 

      Eon

    • B. 

      Period

    • C. 

      Epoch

    • D. 

      Era

  • 42. 
    What is described by the pycnocline?
    • A. 

      The layer where the density gradient is greatest within a body of water.

    • B. 

      The layer where the temperature gradient is greatest within a body of water.

    • C. 

      The layer where the salinity gradient is greatest within a body of water.

  • 43. 
    What is described by the halocline?
    • A. 

      The layer where the density gradient is greatest within a body of water.

    • B. 

      The layer where the temperature gradient is greatest within a body of water.

    • C. 

      The layer where the salinity gradient is greatest within a body of water.

  • 44. 
    What is described by the thermocline?
    • A. 

      The layer where the density gradient is greatest within a body of water.

    • B. 

      The layer where the temperature gradient is greatest within a body of water.

    • C. 

      The layer where the salinity gradient is greatest within a body of water.

  • 45. 
    What geochronological rank is the Neogene?
    • A. 

      Eon

    • B. 

      Epoch

    • C. 

      Period

    • D. 

      Era

  • 46. 
    What time period is between c. 252.17 – 201.3 Ma?
    • A. 

      Carboniferous

    • B. 

      Permian

    • C. 

      Jurassic

    • D. 

      Triassic

  • 47. 
    What size range does gravel belong to?
    • A. 

      63 – 2 mm

    • B. 

      2 – 0,063 mm

    • C. 

      0,002– 0,0063 mm

    • D. 

      ≤ 0,002 mm

  • 48. 
    What geochronological rank is the Proterozoic?
    • A. 

      Period

    • B. 

      Era

    • C. 

      Epoch

    • D. 

      Eon

  • 49. 
    What size range does sand belong to?
    • A. 

      63 – 2 mm

    • B. 

      ≤ 0,002 mm

    • C. 

      2 – 0,063

    • D. 

      0,063 – 0,002 mm

  • 50. 
    When is the Ordovician time period?
    • A. 

      443.4 – 419.2 Ma

    • B. 

      485.4 – 443.4 Ma

    • C. 

      541 – 485.4 Ma

    • D. 

      419.2 – 358.9 Ma

  • 51. 
    Which of the following is not a common classification of rocks?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Phanerozoic

    • C. 

      Igneous

    • D. 

      Metamorphic

  • 52. 
    When is the Cambrian time period?
    • A. 

      443.4 – 419.2 Ma

    • B. 

      541 – 485.4 Ma

    • C. 

      485.4 – 443.4 Ma

    • D. 

      358.9 – 298.9 Ma

  • 53. 
    What size range does silt belong to?
    • A. 

      ≤ 0,002 mm

    • B. 

      63 – 2 mm

    • C. 

      2 – 0,063 mm

    • D. 

      0,002 – 0,0063 mm

  • 54. 
    What rule of thumbs apply with increasing depth below the surface of the Earth?
    • A. 

      30 kPa/km in the crust

    • B. 

      30 MPa/km in the crust

    • C. 

      50 Mpa/km in the crust

    • D. 

      350 Mpa/km in the crust

  • 55. 
    Magma and lava is two words that describe molten rock. What is the difference between the two?
    • A. 

      Magma melts and solidifies in the ground, never reaching the surface of the Earth

    • B. 

      Magma has higher silica content

    • C. 

      Magma flows out of volcanos under water

    • D. 

      There is no difference

  • 56. 
    What size range does clay belong to?
    • A. 

      ≤ 0,002 mm

    • B. 

      63 – 2 mm

    • C. 

      2 – 0,063 mm

    • D. 

      0,02 – 0,0063 mm

  • 57. 
    Which of the following is the main factors controlling the grain size of a rock
    • A. 

      Density of the magma

    • B. 

      Rate of cool down

    • C. 

      Presence of fluids

    • D. 

      Stratigraphy

  • 58. 
    Which of the following is a fossilized tree resin?
    • A. 

      Coral

    • B. 

      Jet

    • C. 

      Ivory

    • D. 

      Amber

  • 59. 
    What rule of thumbs apply with increasing depth below the surface of the Earth?
    • A. 

      20°C/km in the upper crust

    • B. 

      200°C/km in the upper crust

    • C. 

      0.3°C/km below 200 km depth

    • D. 

      300°C/km below 200 km depth

  • 60. 
    What rule of thumbs apply with increasing depth below the surface of the Earth?
    • A. 

      10°C/km in the upper crust

    • B. 

      1000°C/km below 200 km depth

    • C. 

      20°C/km in the upper crust

    • D. 

      500°C/km below 200 km depth

  • 61. 
    What is the dark, hard substance found in the ground that is mined for fuel?
    • A. 

      Coal

    • B. 

      Limestone

    • C. 

      Granite

    • D. 

      Fossils

  • 62. 
    Name the most common element in the earth crust:
    • A. 

      Lead

    • B. 

      Uranium

    • C. 

      Silica

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 63. 
    What time period is between c. 23.03 – 2.58 Ma?
    • A. 

      Neogene

    • B. 

      Cretaceous

    • C. 

      Paleogene

    • D. 

      Quarternary

  • 64. 
    What common mineral can you precipitate out of seawater?
    • A. 

      Sugar

    • B. 

      Halite

    • C. 

      Orthoclase

    • D. 

      Biotite

  • 65. 
    What rule of thumbs apply with increasing depth below the surface of the Earth?
    • A. 

      0.3°C/km below 200 km depth

    • B. 

      30 MPa/km in the crust

    • C. 

      20°C/km in the upper crust

    • D. 

      35 MPa/km in the mantle

  • 66. 
    Which of the following minerals is the hardest?
    • A. 

      Calcite

    • B. 

      Tourmaline

    • C. 

      Corundum

    • D. 

      Halite

  • 67. 
    What rule of thumbs apply with increasing depth below the surface of the Earth?
    • A. 

      30 kPa/km in the crust

    • B. 

      35 MPa/km in the crust

    • C. 

      300 MPa/km in the mantle

    • D. 

      35 MPa/km in the mantle

    • E. 

      50 MPa/km in the mantle

  • 68. 
    What is the name of an instrument that records the vibrations in the Earth's crust?
    • A. 

      Barometer

    • B. 

      Barometer Wave stick Wave stick

    • C. 

      Pyrometer

    • D. 

      Seismograph

  • 69. 
    What time period is between c. 66 – 23.03 Ma?
    • A. 

      Neogene

    • B. 

      Quarternary

    • C. 

      Cretaceous

    • D. 

      Paleogene

  • 70. 
    Stalactites and stalagmites are made out which common mineral?
    • A. 

      Quartz

    • B. 

      Feldspar

    • C. 

      Shale

    • D. 

      Calcite

  • 71. 
    What time period is between c. 145 – 66.0 Ma?
    • A. 

      Carboniferous

    • B. 

      Jurassic

    • C. 

      Cretaceous

    • D. 

      Triassic

  • 72. 
    When is the Silurian time period?
    • A. 

      358.9 – 298.9 Ma

    • B. 

      443.4 – 419.2 Ma

    • C. 

      419.2 – 358.9 Ma

    • D. 

      485.4 – 443.4 Ma

  • 73. 
    What element is diamond composed of?
    • A. 

      Silicon

    • B. 

      Carbon

    • C. 

      Boron

    • D. 

      Aluminum

  • 74. 
    When is the Devonian time period?
    • A. 

      419.2 – 358.9 Ma

    • B. 

      358.9 – 298.9 Ma

    • C. 

      485.4 – 443.4 Ma

    • D. 

      541 – 485.4 Ma

  • 75. 
    What kind of rock is your best bet for finding fossils?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Metamorphic

    • C. 

      Igneous

    • D. 

      Volcanic

  • 76. 
    What time period is between c. 485.4 – 443.4 Ma?
    • A. 

      Ordovician

    • B. 

      Devonian

    • C. 

      Silurian

    • D. 

      Permian

  • 77. 
    The era in the geologic time scale is currently the Cenozoic Era
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 78. 
    The time period Younger Dryas is named after a flower.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 79. 
    What time period is between c. 443.4 – 419.2 Ma?
    • A. 

      Permian

    • B. 

      Silurian

    • C. 

      Ordovician

    • D. 

      Carboniferous

  • 80. 
    The area, associated with extensive volcanic activity, called "The Ring of Fire" is found around which sea/ocean?
    • A. 

      The Mediterranean

    • B. 

      The Pacific

    • C. 

      The Atlantic

    • D. 

      The Indian

  • 81. 
    What geochronological rank is the Cretaceous?
    • A. 

      Epoch

    • B. 

      Eon

    • C. 

      Era

    • D. 

      Period

  • 82. 
    What geochronological rank is the Jurassic?
    • A. 

      Period

    • B. 

      Eon

    • C. 

      Era

    • D. 

      Epoch

  • 83. 
    A crack in a rock where one side has moved relative to the other is called a:
    • A. 

      Fracture

    • B. 

      Fissure

    • C. 

      Fault

    • D. 

      Fold

  • 84. 
    What time period is between c. 145 – 66.0 Ma?
    • A. 

      Cretaceous

    • B. 

      Jurassic

    • C. 

      Paleogene

    • D. 

      Permian

  • 85. 
    The process of mountain-building is known as an:
    • A. 

      Orogeny

    • B. 

      Horsting

    • C. 

      Accretion

    • D. 

      Convergence

  • 86. 
    What time period is between c. 201.3 – 145 Ma?
    • A. 

      Carboniferous

    • B. 

      Cretaceous

    • C. 

      Jurassic

    • D. 

      Triassic

  • 87. 
    What time period is between c. 298.9 – 252.17 Ma?
    • A. 

      Permian

    • B. 

      Silurian

    • C. 

      Devonian

    • D. 

      Ordovician

  • 88. 
    Deccan Traps is a _____ located in west-central India
  • 89. 
    The mineral with the lowest specific gravity is ……
  • 90. 
    And the mineral with the highest specific gravity is …..
  • 91. 
    Which of these minerals are opaque when seen in a thin section through a microscope?
    • A. 

      Fluorite

    • B. 

      Illmenite

    • C. 

      Apatite

    • D. 

      Cinnabar

    • E. 

      Garnet

    • F. 

      Pyrite

  • 92. 
    What is a small mountaintop without icecover that stands up in the middle of a glacier called?
  • 93. 
    In sedimentary rocks from which period are orthoceras especially common?
    • A. 

      Neogene

    • B. 

      Permian

    • C. 

      Jurassic

    • D. 

      Ordovician

  • 94. 
    Which mineral?
  • 95. 
    When did the first seed-bearing plants appear?
    • A. 

      Devon

    • B. 

      Cambrium

    • C. 

      Jurassic

    • D. 

      Paleogene

  • 96. 
    Name the landform
  • 97. 
    Name the mineral
  • 98. 
    Which mineral?
  • 99. 
    Name the mineral
  • 100. 
    Name the landform
  • 101. 
    What is this mineral called?
  • 102. 
    Which mineral?
  • 103. 
    name the texture
  • 104. 
    What is the lava type called?
  • 105. 
    What does the abbreviation NMO stand for when referred to in a reflection seismic study?
    • A. 

      Normal Multiple Output

    • B. 

      Normalized Multiple Output

    • C. 

      Normal Moveout

    • D. 

      Normalized Moveout

  • 106. 
    What is the name of the multiple signal, commonly seen in water seismic surveys, in the picture below?
  • 107. 
    What is associated with frequency filtering in reflection seismic data processing?
    • A. 

      Increased SNR (signal-to-noise ratio)

    • B. 

      Decreased SNR (signal-to-noise ratio)

    • C. 

      Improve vertical resolution

    • D. 

      May damage vertical resolution

    • E. 

      May damage vertical penetration

    • F. 

      Improve vertical penetration

  • 108. 
    In reflection seismics, which alternatives are examples of multiples?
    • A. 

      Peg-leg multiples

    • B. 

      Resounding multiples

    • C. 

      Ghost multiples

    • D. 

      False multiples

    • E. 

      Spectral multiples

    • F. 

      Long-path multiples

    • G. 

      Water layer reverberations

    • H. 

      Echoes

    • I. 

      Short-path multiples

    • J. 

      Extended multiples

    • K. 

      Delayed multiples

    • L. 

      Repercussion multiples

  • 109. 
    In reflection seismics; depth migration is the process of converting TWT into _____ based on correct interval _____.
  • 110. 
    In reflection seismics; which alternatives correspond to common types of inverse filtering?
    • A. 

      Low-pass filtering

    • B. 

      Dereverberation

    • C. 

      Demigrating

    • D. 

      Deghosting

    • E. 

      Whitening

    • F. 

      Deconvolution

    • G. 

      Convolution

    • H. 

      High-pass filtering

    • I. 

      Desounding

    • J. 

      Band-pass filtering

  • 111. 
    In reflection seismics, a NMO-stacked seismogram that have not been migrated will exaggerate antiforms so that they become _______ .
  • 112. 
    In reflection seismics, a NMO-stacked seismogram that have not been migrated will exaggerate synforms so that they become _______ .
  • 113. 
    What hydrocarbon correspond to "dry gas" in petroleum geology?
    • A. 

      Octane

    • B. 

      Methane

    • C. 

      Propane

    • D. 

      Butane

    • E. 

      Ethane

    • F. 

      Hexane

  • 114. 
    What hydrocarbon(s) correspond to "wet gas" in petroleum geology?
    • A. 

      Hexane

    • B. 

      Methane

    • C. 

      Octane

    • D. 

      Butane

    • E. 

      Propane

    • F. 

      Ethane

  • 115. 
    what kind of climate was present if you find the fossil portlandia arctica in the sediment 
    • A. 

      Dry

    • B. 

      Wet

    • C. 

      Cold

    • D. 

      Warm

  • 116. 
    What is the approximate calculated density of the earth's core (g/cm^3)?
  • 117. 
    An american in space is called an astronaut.A russian in space is called a cosmonaut.A asian in space is called a thaiconaut.Yo moma in space is called...? 
    • A. 

      A planet

    • B. 

      Not a planet

  • 118. 
    A glacier has some properties in common with a newtonian fluid.What is the definition of a newtonian fluid?
    • A. 

      It has a non-zero threshold value at the stress axis on stress vs. strain plot

    • B. 

      It has a global maxima on a stress vs strain plot

    • C. 

      It has a linear growth on a stress vs. strain plot

    • D. 

      When a high enough stress is reached, it deforms towards infinity.

  • 119. 
    what is necessary in order to transport gold in hydrothermal fluid?
  • 120. 
    What is the density of gold (g/cm^3)?
  • 121. 
    what is the average specific gravity of continental crust?
    • A. 

      2,99

    • B. 

      2,67

    • C. 

      3,11

    • D. 

      2,55