Nutrition T4b

20 Questions

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Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This is the provision to cells and organisms of the material necessary in the form of food to support life.
    • A. 

      Nutrition

    • B. 

      Digestion

    • C. 

      Absorption

    • D. 

      Metabolism

  • 2. 
    A series of organized processes used to breakdown complex food molecules into simpler ones for use in cellular activity and the release of energy.
    • A. 

      Thermogenisis

    • B. 

      Anabolism

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Nutrition

  • 3. 
    These are not a source of energy, but are required to maintain growth and normal metabolism.
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Minerals

    • C. 

      Fibre

    • D. 

      Cholesterol

  • 4. 
    These are present in the central nervous system as part of nerve membranes and in red blood cells.
    • A. 

      Glycoproteins

    • B. 

      Lipoproteins

    • C. 

      Phospholipids

    • D. 

      Glycolipids

  • 5. 
    The process which converts glucose into its storage form is called:
    • A. 

      Glycogenesis

    • B. 

      Glucogenesis

    • C. 

      Glycogenolysis

    • D. 

      Gluconeogenesis

  • 6. 
    This is a constituent of cell membranes and egg yolk, and is also used in cooking as an emulsifier:
    • A. 

      Syhinggomyelin

    • B. 

      Lecithin

    • C. 

      Lignin

    • D. 

      Leukotrin

  • 7. 
    They utilize cholestrol for their synthesis, and later help in the absorption of fats from the digestive tract.
    • A. 

      Bile salts

    • B. 

      Amylase

    • C. 

      Fat soluble vitamins

    • D. 

      Peptidase

  • 8. 
    Phytosterols are:
    • A. 

      Non-nutrient compounds

    • B. 

      Adrenal hormones

    • C. 

      Prostaglandins

    • D. 

      Cholesterol-like compounds

  • 9. 
    This removes excess cholesterol from the body cells and delivers it to the liver.
    • A. 

      LDL

    • B. 

      VLDL

    • C. 

      HDL

    • D. 

      Chylomicrons

  • 10. 
    Triglycerides are broken down into fatty acids and glycerol by ____________ in the duodenum.
    • A. 

      Lingual lipase

    • B. 

      Pancreatic lipase

    • C. 

      Bile salts

    • D. 

      Gastric lipase

  • 11. 
    Liver controls the concentration of cholesterol in the body by removing:
    • A. 

      LDL

    • B. 

      VLDL

    • C. 

      HDL

    • D. 

      Lipoproteins

  • 12. 
    An element only found in proteins; it is essential as well as potentially toxic.
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Sulphur

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 13. 
    It contains all essential amino acids and is capable of promoting health and growth.
    • A. 

      Health promoting nutrients

    • B. 

      Complete proteins

    • C. 

      Monosodium glutamate

    • D. 

      Glycoproteins

  • 14. 
    The process which helps in the digestion and absorption of proteins, but leads to the loss of their function is called:
    • A. 

      Denaturation

    • B. 

      Coagulation

    • C. 

      Phosphorylation

    • D. 

      Deamination

  • 15. 
    Excess amino acids are not excreted in urine and feces, but instead are converted into:
    • A. 

      Glycogen and chilomicrons

    • B. 

      Fatty acids and NH3

    • C. 

      Glucose and glycerol

    • D. 

      Glucose and triglycerides

  • 16. 
    A by-product of protein metabolism, its increased production can lead to an increase in the workload on the kidneys.
    • A. 

      Ammonia

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Bicarbonates

  • 17. 
    Metabolic reactions lead to energy production which is stored in the body in the form of:
    • A. 

      ADP

    • B. 

      ATP

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Triglycerides

  • 18. 
    Measurement of the amount of oxygen used per kilocalorie of food metabolized under standard conditions is known as:
    • A. 

      Anthropometric measurement

    • B. 

      Basal metabolic rate

    • C. 

      Nutritional status

    • D. 

      Health assessment

  • 19. 
    The heat being produced during the process of ingestion, digestion, and absorption is called:
    • A. 

      Basal metabolic rate

    • B. 

      Energy expenditure

    • C. 

      Food induced thermogenesis

    • D. 

      Chemical thermogenesis

  • 20. 
    Their amount stored indicates excess energy intake over energy expenditure and is represented as body weight gain.
    • A. 

      Glycogen

    • B. 

      Cholesterol

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Triglycerides