Healthy Eating & Nutrition Trivia Quiz

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Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of these is not a Physical & Psychological Attribute of Nutrition?
    • A. 

      Sight

    • B. 

      Smell

    • C. 

      Touch

    • D. 

      Taste

  • 2. 
    Which of these is a Sociological Attribute of Nutrition?
    • A. 

      Celebrate an event

    • B. 

      Impress Someone

    • C. 

      Display of Prestige

    • D. 

      Custom - Ethnic

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    Which of these are not a Nutrient: Constituent in food.
    • A. 

      1) Water

    • B. 

      2) Protein

    • C. 

      3) Fats

    • D. 

      4) Triglycerides

    • E. 

      5) Carbohydrates

    • F. 

      6) Minerals

    • G. 

      7) Vitamins

  • 4. 
    R.D.A. means "Recommended Daily Allowance"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    If Oxygen is the body's first need, What is the body's second need?
  • 6. 
    What % of the body is Water?
    • A. 

      25 - 50%

    • B. 

      50 - 85%

    • C. 

      35 - 65%

    • D. 

      55 - 70%

  • 7. 
    Intercellular is          of the water.
    • A. 

      1/4

    • B. 

      1/2

    • C. 

      3/4

  • 8. 
    If Intercellular is 3/4 of the water, Interstitial is         around cells and lymph.
    • A. 

      1/4

    • B. 

      1/2

    • C. 

      3/4

  • 9. 
    All chemical changes in the body need water, it is the medium of all body fluids, secretions, excretions, saliva, blood, lymph, digestive juices and perspiration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Water acts as a solvent for all products of digestion - this is for               transport
    • A. 

      Inactive

    • B. 

      Active

  • 11. 
    Blood (plasma) is           % water (approx.)
    • A. 

      59

    • B. 

      80

    • C. 

      97

    • D. 

      99

  • 12. 
    Urine is          % water
    • A. 

      59

    • B. 

      80

    • C. 

      97

    • D. 

      99

  • 13. 
    Water:A) Is an important lubricantB) Regulates body temperature through perspirationC) Is the body's first need
    • A. 

      Both A and B

    • B. 

      Both B and C

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    "When the water intake balances the water loss" this is an example of:
    • A. 

      Acid- Base Equilibrium

    • B. 

      Mineral Balance

    • C. 

      Fluid Balance

    • D. 

      Anti- Diuretic Hormone

  • 15. 
    What two hormones regulate fluid balance?A) Anti- Diuretic HormoneB) AcetylcholineC) Adrenal Cortex Hormone
    • A. 

      Both A & B

    • B. 

      Both A & C

    • C. 

      Both B & C

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Anti-Diuretic hormone - the posterior pituitary gland decreases excretion of water by the kidneys by:
    • A. 

      Decreasing the rate of re-absorption from the Kidney tobules

    • B. 

      Increasing the rate of re-absoprtion from the Kidney tobules

    • C. 

      Keeping the rate of re-absorption from the Kidney tobules the same

  • 17. 
    Adrenal Cortex hormones regulate the excretion of                and hence the excretion of water (steroids).
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Iron

  • 18. 
    A deficiency of the anti-diuretic hormone in the pituitary leads to excessive thirst and large volumes of urine.
    • A. 

      Marasmus

    • B. 

      Kwashwiorkor

    • C. 

      Trismus

    • D. 

      Diabetes Insipidus

  • 19. 
             % of fluid loss is very serious.
  • 20. 
    To compensate for fluid loss we use: Oral fluids & Parenteral fluids
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Daily allowances 6-8 cups daily, increases during hot weather or increased activity or fevers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Protein is necessary for:
    • A. 

      Blood coagulation and nervous stimuli

    • B. 

      Maintenance of Hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Tissue synthesis and regulation of certain body functions

    • D. 

      Supplying energy

  • 23. 
    In Protein, It is the                  that distinguishes protein from carbohydrates and fats.
    • A. 

      Nitrogen

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Carbon

    • D. 

      Hydrogen

  • 24. 
    Amino Acids are the building blocks of proteins. How many amino acids are there?
    • A. 

      18

    • B. 

      20

    • C. 

      22

    • D. 

      24

  • 25. 
    Amino Acids are proteins in nature.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Protein constitutes the chief solid material of muscle, organs and endocrine glands.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Protein is the major component of the matrix of bones, teeth, skin, nails, hair, blood cells and serum.Every living cell and body fluid contains protein except?
    • A. 

      Bile and urine

    • B. 

      Bile and mucous

    • C. 

      Mucous and urine

  • 28. 
    Protein yields         calories/per gram  
  • 29. 
    Fats are almost as widely distributed as carbohydrates. Fats are also referred to as              . *Fats supply approx. 2/5 of American calories.
  • 30. 
    Fatty acids make up fats. Fatty acids are                      , depending on the bonding atoms.
    • A. 

      A) saturated

    • B. 

      B) unsaturated

    • C. 

      C) Both of the above

    • D. 

      D) None of the above

  • 31. 
                are in all body cells and tissues, it is the most concentrated form of energy.
  • 32. 
    1 gram of fat yields           calories.
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      7

    • C. 

      9

  • 33. 
    Fats in the GI tract stimulate secretions of Cholecystokinin in the GI Wall. Carried by bloodstream and causes Gall Bladder to contract, excreting bile into the jejunim.                 is needed to metabolize fats.                         *Patients with Gall bladder disorders should avoid fats.
  • 34. 
    Carbohydrates are simple sugar or substances that can be reduced to simple sugar.What are the three types of Carbohydrates:
    • A. 

      A) Monosaccharides

    • B. 

      B) Disaccharides

    • C. 

      C) Polysaccharides

    • D. 

      D) All of the above

    • E. 

      E) None of the above

  • 35. 
    Three types:1) Monosaccarides - Simple Sugar, C H O
    • A. 

      Glucose, fructose, galactose (does not exist in free state, breakdown of Lactate)

    • B. 

      Sucrose (table sugar), maltose (malt), lactose (milk sugar)

    • C. 

      Starch, glycogen (animal sugar), cellulose

  • 36. 
    Three types:2) Disaccharides
    • A. 

      Glucose, fructose, galactose (does not exist in free state, breakdown of Lactate)

    • B. 

      Sucrose (table sugar), maltose (malt), lactose (milk sugar)

    • C. 

      Starch, glycogen (animal sugar), cellulose

  • 37. 
    Three types:3) Polysaccharide
    • A. 

      Glucose, fructose, galactose (does not exist in free state, breakdown of Lactate)

    • B. 

      Sucrose (table sugar), maltose (malt), lactose (milk sugar)

    • C. 

      Starch, glycogen (animal sugar), cellulose

  • 38. 
    Carbohydrate - supply energy, principle energy source of energy for the body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    1 gram of Carbohydrate (CHO) yields          calories.
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      7

    • C. 

      9

  • 40. 
    Carbohydrates (CHO) are stored in the body as                 .
  • 41. 
    The body consumes carbohydrates first, then fats, then proteins.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Fats need Carbohydrates to metabolize normally. If there are no carbohydrates, fats metabolize rapidly and ketosis occurs and acidosis, more serious. Common in Diabetes Mellitus.What are the sources of CHO:
    • A. 

      Sugars, flours, cereals, crackers, fruits, vegetables, and milk

    • B. 

      Liver, shellfish, egg yolk, green leafy vegetables, fruits, and legumes

    • C. 

      Seafood's, vegetables, meat, and eggs

  • 43. 
    Calcium is most abundant in the               , partly responsible for muscle and heart contractions. Blood coagulation and nervous stimuli. *Calcium is absorbed by the UPPER part of the intestine.
    • A. 

      Body (bone)

    • B. 

      Thyroid gland

    • C. 

      Pituitary gland

  • 44. 
    Vit. D is needed for Ca absorption. The Para-thyroid is important in the control of calcium metabolism and usage. It is transported through the body by the               .
  • 45. 
    Phosphorus is 1/4 of the body's minerals.Phosphorus does all except:1) Regulates PH2) Regulates transport of fatty acid3) Participates in metabolism of carbohydrates and fats4) Supply energy for muscle contraction
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

    • E. 

      Phosphorus does all of the above

  • 46. 
    Give one example of a food that Phosphorus is found in
  • 47. 
    Iron - most in HemoglobinIron is essential for the oxidation processes of the body and transportation of oxygen in blood hemoglobin.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    As Iron decreases, this causes anemia and a decrease in Hemoglobin Hgb.Give one example of a source Iron is found in:
  • 49. 
    Iodine deficiency cause goiters. Most Iodine is found in the Thyroid gland. It regulates the rate of oxidation within the cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    Give one example of a source Iodine is found in:
  • 51. 
    Pregnant women with depleted Iodine levels may cause the child to develop Cretinism.Cretinism is characterised by skeletal development being depressed, weakness, and mental retardation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    Flourine is found in bones and teeth and protects                 from decay.
    • A. 

      Bones

    • B. 

      Teeth

    • C. 

      Muscles

  • 53. 
    Flourine trace elements: Manganese, Copper, Cobalt, Zinc are all TOXIC in large quantities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 54. 
    Sodium is found in                  fluid.
    • A. 

      Inter cellular

    • B. 

      Extra cellular

  • 55. 
    The amount of sodium excreted by the kidneys is controlled by Adrenal Cortical Hormone (ACH)Estrogenic hormones promote sodium retention causing                , (pre menstrual bloat)
  • 56. 
    Sodium is lost during diarrhea and                   .
  • 57. 
    Give one food source Sodium is found in:
  • 58. 
    Chlorine readily crosses the cell membrane. Found in cells and extra cellular fluids. Regulates the acid/base balance. Constituent of acid in the stomach.What food source is Chlorine found in:
  • 59. 
    Potassium: occurs in cellsPotassium is needed for:1) Contraction of muscles2) Regular heart rhythm3) Conductionof nerve impluses4) Maintenance of fluid balance
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 60. 
    Potassium is seen in starvation, severe diarrhea, Kwashiorkor, Tumors of the adrenal gland and extensive tissue damage as in burns.Signs: Muscle weakness, loss of GI tone, leads to abdominal extension, mental confusion, failure cardiac muscle. HYPOKALEMIA.Hyperkalemia is increased in potassium, adversely affects the action of the heart.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    Magnesium is found in                  and muscles. Magnesium helps regulate cardiac and skeletal muscle and nervous tissue. It is also needed for enzyme reactions.
  • 62. 
    Give one example of a Magnesium food source:
  • 63. 
    Fat Soluble vitamins are:  Vitamins K, A, D, E.                     *Fat Soluble vitamins are stored and may cause TOXIC effects if exceeded.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    Water Soluble vitamins are:  Vitamins C, ascorbic acid                                                            Vitamins B complex                     *Water soluble vitamins will be excreted after excess amounts are reached.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    What are the Clinical Manifestations of Cancer Cachexia:
    • A. 

      Anorexia - Loss of Appetite

    • B. 

      Early Satiety - Being full to satisfaction, esp. with food.

    • C. 

      Weight loss

    • D. 

      Anemia - Exist when Hemoglobin demand is less than that required to provide the Oxygen demands in the body.

    • E. 

      Asthenia - Lack or loss of strength, debility, any weakness.

    • F. 

      All of the above

    • G. 

      None of the above

  • 66. 
    State of ill health, malnutrition and wasting. Main cause of cancer deaths.
  • 67. 
    Severe protein deficiency type of malnutrition of children. It occurs after the child is weaned.
  • 68. 
    Emaciation and wasting in an infant due to malnutrition
  • 69. 
    Recommended Dietary Allowance
  • 70. 
    A tube used to provide nutrition to the patient through the stomach
  • 71. 
    Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing.
  • 72. 
    Being full to satisfaction.
  • 73. 
    Loss in appetite, seen in depression, alcoholism, drug addiction, commencement of fevers and illnesses.
  • 74. 
    Inflammation of the mouth.
  • 75. 
    Persistant contraction of the muscles of mastication, (unable to open mouth) may occue in mouth infections, encephalitis, inflammation of the salivary glands, and tetanus.
  • 76. 
    Rapid emptying of the stomach contents into the small intestine.
  • 77. 
    Dryness of the mouth caused by abnormal reduction in saliva amount.                         *Salivar (artificial saliva) can be prescribed to help.
  • 78. 
    Nutrition is a three part process that gives the body the nutrients it needs.What order does this proccess occur:1) Breakdown & Digestion2) Fuel, nutrients through bloodstream travel to parts of the body to be used as fuel.3) Ingestion
    • A. 

      1, 2, 3

    • B. 

      2, 1, 3

    • C. 

      3, 1, 2

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 79. 
    What type of treatment diet does this describe:Recommendations include:a light, low residue, low fat, bland diet. Patients are advised to drink plenty of fluids and avoid all rouphage. NO spicy foods & NO alcohol. Milk products & flatulence producing foods should be avoided. Dietary supplements may be indicated to help control weight loss.
    • A. 

      Poor Appetite (Anorexia)

    • B. 

      Oral Cavity

    • C. 

      GI Tract

  • 80. 
    What type of treatment diet does this describe:Recommendations include:Eat 5-6 small meals each day, instead of three larger meals.Make eating enjoyable, set a pretty table, music or watch TV.Keep snacks handy.Review list of high-calorie & high protein foods and include them in meals and snacks during each day.
    • A. 

      Poor Appetite (Anorexia)

    • B. 

      Oral Cavity

    • C. 

      GI Tract

  • 81. 
    What type of treatment diet does this describe:Recommendations include:Milk, milk products, pudding & custards, eggs, cheese, yogurt, soups (especially bean & pea), protein supplements & vitamins may be prescribed.
    • A. 

      Poor Appetite (Anorexia)

    • B. 

      Oral Cavity

    • C. 

      GI Tract

  • 82. 
    Calcium Deficiency is the Retarded calcification of bone and teeth, stunted growth and                      .
  • 83. 
    T                              Excess of Calcium in the blood. Vomitting, increase in blood pressure, GI bleeding, stones, (kidneys & bladder) lethargy, confusion, coma and death.