Nutrition Lect 1:

77 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

Obesity, weight management, BMI, trends, causes, medications, weight loss surgery, size portion distortion, healthy eating


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    ________ of the population are overweight or obese, and the rates are rising at historic levels
    • A. 

      1/3

    • B. 

      2/3

    • C. 

      1/2

    • D. 

      3/4

  • 2. 
    T/F Although a "Health People 2010" goal is to reduce the prevalence of obesity among adults to less than 15%, current data indicates that that the situation is worsening rather than improving
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    T/F Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) shows an increase in the prevalence overweight children between 1971 to 2004
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Overweight and obesity are generally results from energy imbalance. This involves eating too many ________ and not getting enough  _____________
    • A. 

      Kilo calories, physical activity

    • B. 

      Fats, physical activity

    • C. 

      Calories, physical activity

    • D. 

      Vegetables, physical activity

  • 5. 
    What are the components of body weight?
    • A. 

      Genetic, metabolism, medications, disease, behavior, environment, culture, and socioeconomic status

    • B. 

      Genetic, metabolism, disease, behavior, environment, culture, and socioeconomic status

    • C. 

      Genetic, metabolism, medication, behavior, environment, culture, and socioeconomic status

    • D. 

      Genetic, metabolism, medications, disease, behavior, environment, and culture

  • 6. 
    What are the greatest areas for prevention and treatment actions? (hint: they play a large role in causing people to be overweight and obese)
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Behavior

    • C. 

      Environment

    • D. 

      Medications

    • E. 

      Culture

  • 7. 
    Which of the following best defines energy imbalance?
    • A. 

      Calories in is equal to calories out

    • B. 

      Kilocalories in is equal to kilocalories out

    • C. 

      When the number of calories consumed is equal to the number of calories used

    • D. 

      When the number of calories consumed is not equal to the number of calories used

  • 8. 
    Which scenario will result in weight gain?
    • A. 

      Calories consumed > calories used

    • B. 

      Calories consumed < calories used

    • C. 

      Calories consumed=calories used

  • 9. 
    Which scenario will result in weight loss?
    • A. 

      Calories consumed > calories used

    • B. 

      Calories consumed < calories used

    • C. 

      Calories consumed = calories used

  • 10. 
    Which of the following scenarios would result in no weight change
    • A. 

      Calories consumed > calories used

    • B. 

      Calories consumed < calories used

    • C. 

      Calories consumed = calories used

  • 11. 
    T/F  According to the lecture notes, 100% of  former severely obese patients would prefer to be deaf, dyslexic, diabetic, have CAD or bad acne than be obese again.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    According to the lecture, greater than  _____% of former severely obese patients would rather have a leg amputation than be obese again, greater than _____ % would prefer to be blind, and ______ %  preferred to be of normal weight that a severely obese mulit-millionaire.
    • A. 

      50, 60, 100

    • B. 

      70, 80, 100

    • C. 

      90, 89, 100

    • D. 

      95, 98, 100

  • 13. 
    Annual medical spending for the treatment of overweight and obese people is well over ______ billion dollars a year and continues to grow
    • A. 

      25

    • B. 

      50

    • C. 

      75

    • D. 

      100

  • 14. 
    What term refers to comparative measurements of the body. These measurements are compared to reference standards to assess weight status and the risk for various diseases.
    • A. 

      Anathropometric measurements

    • B. 

      Anthropometric measurements

    • C. 

      BMI measurements

    • D. 

      Xenical measurements

  • 15. 
    What measurements are considered anthropometric measurements?
    • A. 

      Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, percentage of body fat

    • B. 

      Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat

    • C. 

      Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, percentage of muscle mass

    • D. 

      Height, weight, waist-to-hip ratio, percentage of body fat

  • 16. 
    What is considered a simple, quick method of assessment to determine the magnitude of obesity? (hint: it is calculated by weight x height)
    • A. 

      Water densitomety

    • B. 

      Body Mass Index (BMI)

    • C. 

      Anthropometric measurements

    • D. 

      % of body fat calculator

  • 17. 
    T/F When measuring BMI weight is measured in kilograms and height is measured in meters 2
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    What BMI classification is considered Class III obese
    • A. 

      >20

    • B. 

      >30

    • C. 

      >40

    • D. 

      >50

    • E. 

      >60

  • 19. 
    What BMI classification is considered underweight?
    • A. 

      < 16.5

    • B. 

      < 17.5

    • C. 

      < 18.5

    • D. 

      < 19.5

  • 20. 
    What BMI classification is considered Class II obesity?
    • A. 

      30-40

    • B. 

      35-39.9

    • C. 

      36-39

    • D. 

      25-29.9

  • 21. 
    What BMI Classification is considered normal?
    • A. 

      17.5-19.9

    • B. 

      15.5-20.9

    • C. 

      17.5-18.9

    • D. 

      18.5-24.9

  • 22. 
    What BMI classification is considered Class I obese?
    • A. 

      30-34.9

    • B. 

      35-39.9

    • C. 

      >40

  • 23. 
    What BMI Classification is considered overweight?
    • A. 

    • B. 

      18.5-24.9

    • C. 

      25-29.9

    • D. 

      30-34.9

    • E. 

      35-39.9

  • 24. 
    What are the functions of body fat? (click all that apply)
    • A. 

      Temperature regulation

    • B. 

      Electrical conductivity

    • C. 

      Energy storage

    • D. 

      Protection from disease

    • E. 

      Protecting vital organs

  • 25. 
    What is the gold standard for measuring body fat?
    • A. 

      BMI

    • B. 

      Densitometry

    • C. 

      Anthropometric Measurements

    • D. 

      Waist Circumference

    • E. 

      Skinfold measurements

  • 26. 
    What is considered an acceptable range of body fat in women?
    • A. 

      25-31%

    • B. 

      >32%

    • C. 

      30-35%

    • D. 

      >35%

  • 27. 
    What is considered an acceptable percentage of body fat for men?
    • A. 

      18-25%

    • B. 

      >25%

    • C. 

      25-31%

    • D. 

      21-24%

  • 28. 
    What is considered an obese body fat percentage in women?
    • A. 

      >20%

    • B. 

      > 25%

    • C. 

      >32%

    • D. 

      >40%

  • 29. 
    What is considered to be an obese body fat percentage in men?
    • A. 

      >20%

    • B. 

      >25%

    • C. 

      >32%

    • D. 

      >40%

  • 30. 
    What percentage of body fat is considered essential in women?
    • A. 

      2-4%

    • B. 

      10-12%

    • C. 

      14-20%

    • D. 

      6-13%

  • 31. 
    What percentage of body fat is considered essential in men?
    • A. 

      2-4%

    • B. 

      10-12%

    • C. 

      6-13%

    • D. 

      14-20%

  • 32. 
    What percentage of body fat is considered normal in female athletes?
    • A. 

      10-12%

    • B. 

      14-20%

    • C. 

      21-24%

    • D. 

      25-31%

  • 33. 
    What range of body fat percentage is considered normal in male athletes?
    • A. 

      2-4%

    • B. 

      6-13%

    • C. 

      14-17%

    • D. 

      18-25%

  • 34. 
    T/F A male that is considered  to have fitness will have a body fat percentage of 14-17% and a women that is considered to have fitness will have a body fat percentage of 21-24%
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Waist circumference is determined by placing a tape measure snugly around your waist. It is a good indicator of abdominal fat, which is a risk factor for diseases. A waist measurement of over ______ inches in women and ________ inches in men increases the risk of developing cardiovascular and other obesity related diseases
    • A. 

      35, 40

    • B. 

      40, 50

    • C. 

      45, 55

    • D. 

      30, 40

  • 36. 
    How many calories equal 1 pound?
    • A. 

      2000 Calories

    • B. 

      2500 Calories

    • C. 

      3000 Calories

    • D. 

      4000 Calories

    • E. 

      3500 Calories

  • 37. 
    If you regularly eat a 2000 calorie diet per day and you want to loose weight, how long will it take you to loose one pound if you reduce you daily calories to 1500 per day?Hint: 3500 calories= 1lb
    • A. 

      5 days

    • B. 

      6 days

    • C. 

      7 days

    • D. 

      10 days

    • E. 

      14 days

  • 38. 
    Your patient drinks 24 oz of coke per day (310 calories) every day for a year (365 days). The total amount of calories of coke in one year is 113,150.  How many pounds of coke is this in one year?
    • A. 

      113, 150

    • B. 

      ~32

    • C. 

      ~55

    • D. 

      ~27

  • 39. 
    What term does Dr. Witte suggest we use instead of 'diet'?
    • A. 

      Healthy lifestyle

    • B. 

      Fit for life

    • C. 

      Lifestyle modification

    • D. 

      Fitness modification

  • 40. 
    T/F Meridia, Xenical, and adipex-P are all medications to treat obesity?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    T/F Meridia is a treatment for obesity and its adverse reactions include: dry mouth, anorexia, insomnia, constipation, HA, dizziness, nervousness, GI upset, an increased BP and pulse.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    T/F Xenical is an obesity medication that is taken three times a day with meals, however, if the meal doesn't have fat, the patient can skip the dose
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    Solve the following analogy: antibuse: alcoholism
    • A. 

      Meridia: obesity

    • B. 

      Xenical: obesity

    • C. 

      Adipex-P: obesity

  • 44. 
    T/F Precautions of Adipex-P include: arteriosclerosis, CV disease, HTN, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, agitation, MAOIs, substance abuse, SSRIs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    T/F Adipex-P is a cousin of phen phen
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    Which medication blocks the absorption of fat in the intestine?
    • A. 

      Meridia (Sibutramine)

    • B. 

      Xenical (Orlistat)

    • C. 

      Adipex-P (Phentermine HCl)

  • 47. 
    Alli is the over-the-counter medication for which drug?
    • A. 

      Meridia (Sibutramine)

    • B. 

      Xenical (Orlistat)

    • C. 

      Adipex-P (Phentermaine HCl)

  • 48. 
    __________ medication has adverse reactions that include dry mouth, anorexia, insomnia, constipation, HA, dizziness, nervousness, GI upset, increased BP and pules, whereas ____________ medication has adverse reactions that include dizziness, HTN, palpitations, arrhythmias, psychosis, dry mouth, and GI distress
    • A. 

      Meridia, Xenical

    • B. 

      Meridia, Adipex-P

    • C. 

      Adipex-P, Xenical

    • D. 

      Adipex-P, Meridia

  • 49. 
    T/F Precautions for Meridia include: MAOIs, HTN, CAD, CHF, CVA, seizures, other SSRIs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    T/F Precautions for Adipex-P include Arteriosclerosis, CV disease, HTN, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, agitation, MAOIs, substance abuse, SSRIs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    T/F Adipex-P will typically be prescribed for more than 3 months at a time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    The function of Adipex-P is to do which of the following?
    • A. 

      Increase metabolism

    • B. 

      Block absorption of fat in the intestine

    • C. 

      Decrease metabolism

    • D. 

      Inhibit re-uptake of serotonin

  • 53. 
    Which procedure reduces the stomach size and bypasses part of the small intestine?
    • A. 

      Gastric Bypass

    • B. 

      Lap Band

  • 54. 
    T/F The gastric bypass procedure leads to vitamin and mineral deficiencies via malabsorption and 'dumping syndrome' (rapid stomach emptying)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 55. 
    T/F Gastric Bypass surgery is a laparoscopic procedure
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
    A patient undergoing a gastric bypass should expect to miss ____ weeks from work and stay ____ days in the hospital after the procedure
    • A. 

      2-3, 1-2

    • B. 

      2-5, 3-5

    • C. 

      3-5, 4-6

    • D. 

      3-6, 5-7

  • 57. 
    Which obesity surgery can be described as a tourniquet around the proximal stomach?
    • A. 

      Liposuction

    • B. 

      Gastric Bypass

    • C. 

      Lap Band

    • D. 

      Gastric Band

  • 58. 
    T/F The lap band procedure is quicker and has less complications than the gastric bypass procedure to treat obesity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 59. 
    T/F During the lap band procedure, the clinician fills the apparatus with water and is connected to a port under the skin. Adjusting the amount to determine the correct setting for the patient is done during frequent follow up visits
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    T/F  The lap band procedure does not result in 'dumping syndrome'
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      Fasle

  • 61. 
    In the 1950's, coca-cola was only sold in ____ oz bottles. Now a standard size bottle is ____ oz. A 32 oz bottle easily tops 500 calories
    • A. 

      6.5, 20

    • B. 

      8, 20

    • C. 

      8, 12

    • D. 

      6, 12

  • 62. 
    T/F Eating from a bigger bowl generally causes a person to eat >50% less without realizing it!
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 63. 
    T/F Pouring into a short, wide glass generally causes the person to pour more than a tall, skinny glass, but it appears to be less
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    T/F It is wise to instruct you patients to belong to the "clean plate club" to ensure that they eat enough nutrients throughout the day
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    During the 'Bottomless Bowl" study, _____ % of people ate more, yet they didn't think that they ate more. The lesson to be learned from this study is to eye it, dish it, eat it and don't rely on your stomach to tell you when you are full
    • A. 

      55

    • B. 

      64

    • C. 

      73

    • D. 

      88

  • 66. 
    T/F Wording used to describe foods can increase the sale of common items and increase their ratings of high quality foods
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 67. 
    What is the worst food in America runner up?
    • A. 

      Big Mac with cheese

    • B. 

      Chili's Awesome Blossom

    • C. 

      Outback Steakhouse Aussie Cheese Fries with Ranch Dressing

  • 68. 
    The worst food in America prize goes to which item?
    • A. 

      Chili's Awesome Blossom

    • B. 

      Outback Steakhouse Aussie Cheese Fries with Ranch Dressing

    • C. 

      Domino's Everything Pizza

    • D. 

      McDonald's Big Mac

  • 69. 
    Which of the following items should you consider when trying to live a healthy lifestyle?
    • A. 

      Hidden Calories, condiments, TV munching, Fast Food, portions of food

    • B. 

      Exercising, body type, Frequency of weighing

    • C. 

      Social interactions, combo of efforts, stress relief

    • D. 

      Balancing fat/carbs/proteins

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 70. 
    T/F When considering healthy eating habits think wings, fins, and roots
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 71. 
    What are good ways to implement a healthier lifestyle? Click all that apply
    • A. 

      Set a reasonable goal

    • B. 

      Use a pedometer

    • C. 

      Exercise regularly

    • D. 

      Restrict calories

    • E. 

      Avoid hunger and keep a food record

  • 72. 
    T/F In 1985 the obesity trend in the US showed that 10% or less people were obese in 11 states, and between 10-14% of people were obese in 8 states. The maximum percentage of people that were obese in any one state was between the range of 10-14%
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 73. 
    T/F By 1995, the maximum percentage of people that were obese in one state was 19%
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 74. 
    T/F In the year 2000, them maximum percentage of obese people in one state was up to 20%
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 75. 
    By the year 2005, the maximum percentage of people that were obese in one state was up to 30% and 3 states reached this maximum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 76. 
    T/F By the year 2007, 3 states reached 30% of the population as obese and the majority of the states were in the 20-24%.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 77. 
    By 2008, 8 states reached an obesity percentage of 30% and the majority states had an obesity percentage 20-24%
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False