Nutrition Diet Plan Quiz! Test

23 Questions | Total Attempts: 276

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Nutrition Diet Plan Quiz! Test

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Dietary supplements can make up for consistently poor food choices.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    By law, food labels must state as a percentage of the Daily Values the amounts of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and iron present in the food.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements about phytochemicals is incorrect?
    • A. 

      They are nonnutrients.

    • B. 

      They may support health in ways beyond the traditional roles of nutrients.

    • C. 

      They are found in all foods.

    • D. 

      Foods, not supplements, are the best and safest source of these substances.

  • 4. 
    Bicarbonate is responsible for:
    • A. 

      Neutralizing the stomach acid that has reached the small intestine.

    • B. 

      Emulsifying lipids in the colon.

    • C. 

      Digesting lipids in the small intestine.

    • D. 

      Assisting in the absorption of vitamins.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following are the monosaccharides?
    • A. 

      .fructose, glucose, and galactose

    • B. 

      Sucrose, glucose, and fructose

    • C. 

      Galactose, lactose, and glucose

    • D. 

      Lactose, maltose, and sucrose

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is a characteristic of a type 1 diabetic?
    • A. 

      Their pancreas makes little or no insulin.

    • B. 

      Drugs are often prescribed to stimulate the person's own insulin production.

    • C. 

      The person is usually overweight.

    • D. 

      The person is insulin resistant.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is the most influential lipid in raising blood cholesterol?
    • A. 

      Saturated fat

    • B. 

      Linoleic acid

    • C. 

      Monounsaturated fat

    • D. 

      Polyunsaturated fat

  • 8. 
    When kwashiorkor occurs, the victim's belly often bulges with a fatty liver and edema.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Groups of people with high fruit and vegetable intakes often have low rates of cancer.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Night blindness and xerophthalmia are the early and late stages of a deficiency of which vitamin?
    • A. 

      Vitamin B12

    • B. 

      Vitamin A

    • C. 

      Niacin

    • D. 

      Vitamin D

  • 11. 
    Water makes up about ________ percent of human body weight.
    • A. 

      20

    • B. 

      50

    • C. 

      60

    • D. 

      30

  • 12. 
    All of the following foods can impair iron absorption EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Whole-grain cereals.

    • B. 

      Grapefruit.

    • C. 

      Tea.

    • D. 

      Milk.

  • 13. 
    In early food deprivation, the nervous system uses ________ as fuel
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Protein

    • C. 

      Fat

    • D. 

      Ketone bodies

  • 14. 
    Glycogen loading is:
    • A. 

      Done to trick muscles into storing extra glycogen before competition.

    • B. 

      Achieved by eating a high-protein diet during the week before the competition.

    • C. 

      Beneficial for activities such as sprinting 100 meters.

    • D. 

      Not recommended if you exercise in a hot climate

  • 15. 
    All of the following are true concerning DHEA as an alternative to anabolic steroids EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It is approved as a supplement by the International Olympic Committee.

    • B. 

      It can cause testicular shrinkage.

    • C. 

      It can cause cancer.

    • D. 

      It is a hormone made normally by the human body.

  • 16. 
    All of the following is correct concerning cigarette smoking and cardiovascular disease EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Smoking raises blood pressure.

    • B. 

      Smoking damages the heart directly with toxins.

    • C. 

      The relationship is not dose-dependent.

    • D. 

      Smoke deprives the heart muscle of the oxygen it needs.

  • 17. 
    Joe's total blood cholesterol is 210 mg/dL, his LDL is 145 mg/dL, and his HDL is 42. These values put Joe at which risk level for cardiovascular disease?
    • A. 

      It is impossible to determine given this information only.

    • B. 

      Borderline CVD risk.

    • C. 

      Elevated CVD risk.

    • D. 

      Low CVD risk.

  • 18. 
    Which naturally occurring toxin is found in potatoes?
    • A. 

      Goitrogens

    • B. 

      There is no naturally occurring toxin in potatoes

    • C. 

      Solanine

    • D. 

      Cyanogens

  • 19. 
    An infection from which organism can lead to the hemolytic-uremic syndrome?
    • A. 

      Escherichia coli 0157:H7

    • B. 

      Staphylococcus aureus

    • C. 

      Clostridium botulinum

    • D. 

      Salmonella bacteria

  • 20. 
    The AAP recommends that exclusively breastfed infants be given supplements of:
    • A. 

      Riboflavin.

    • B. 

      Vitamin C.

    • C. 

      Vitamin D.

    • D. 

      .niacin.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following beverages does NOT contain large amounts of caffeine per 5-oz. cup?
    • A. 

      Mountain Dew soda

    • B. 

      Sprite soda

    • C. 

      Brewed green tea

    • D. 

      Brewed instant coffee

  • 22. 
    All of the following are goals of the United Nations World Food Summit EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Achieving universal secondary education.

    • B. 

      Combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.

    • C. 

      Promoting gender equality and empowering women.

    • D. 

      Ensuring environmental sustainability.

  • 23. 
    In recent years, food shortage has been the dominant cause of all famines reported worldwide.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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