Ultimate Quiz On Nutrition Exam 3

98 Questions

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Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A high intake of _____ can mask the blood symptoms of B12 deficiency but not the nerve damage associated with it. 
    • A. 

      Folate

    • B. 

      Niacin

    • C. 

      Thiamin

  • 2. 
    A pancreatic lipase deficiency would require the ______-______ form of Vitamin A. 
  • 3. 
    Additional functions of Vitamin C include its ability to convert folic to folinic acid, enhancing the absorption of iron, and metabolizing amino acids. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    All of the water-soluble vitamins are synthesized by plants and cannot be stored in the body except...
    • A. 

      B12

    • B. 

      B6

    • C. 

      Folate

    • D. 

      Asorbic acid

  • 5. 
    All water soluble vitamins function as coenzymes except...
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      E

    • C. 

      K

    • D. 

      C

  • 6. 
    B12 is absorbed by the ileum as a complex with
    • A. 

      "intrinsic factor" from gastric mucosa

    • B. 

      "intrinsic factor" from lung mucosa

    • C. 

      "intrinsic factor" from gastric bile salts

    • D. 

      "intrinsic factor" from gastric acid

  • 7. 
    B12 is the only water soluble vitamin that can be stored. Locations are...
    • A. 

      Kidney

    • B. 

      Brain

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      Appendix

    • E. 

      Bone marrow

    • F. 

      Liver

    • G. 

      CNS

    • H. 

      Muscle

    • I. 

      Pancreas

    • J. 

      Eye

    • K. 

      Spleen

  • 8. 
    B6 is underprescribed to treat PMS. If deficient, can cause numbness in feet and hands which may eventually lead to an inability to walk.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Cobalamin is also known as 
    • A. 

      Vitamin B6

    • B. 

      Vitamin B12

    • C. 

      Niacin

    • D. 

      Vitamin A

  • 10. 
    Conditions that hinder bile production or release will hinder absorption. These condtions are: (check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Obstructed bile ducts

    • B. 

      Cirrhosis

    • C. 

      Infectious Hepatitis

    • D. 

      Malabsorption Disorders

  • 11. 
    Deficiency of B12 or folate has the same effect on blood cells resulting in anemia. Without intrisnsic factor to act as a carrier fo B12, heme cannot be formed for hemoglobin, and folate becomes trapped in it's inactive form, 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Deficiency of Vitamin D results in _______ in growing children, and _________ in adults. 
  • 13. 
    Deficiency syndromes come from all but...
    • A. 

      Malabsorption disease

    • B. 

      Bile duct destruction

    • C. 

      Diuretic use

    • D. 

      Extended use of antibiotics will, leading to destruction of intestinal bacteria

  • 14. 
    Dry Beri Beri is when...
    • A. 

      There is no edema

    • B. 

      There is edema

    • C. 

      There is no nervous system damage

    • D. 

      When there is gastrointestinal damage

  • 15. 
    Fat soluble forms of Vitamin K are __ and __ and require ____ ____ for absorption. 
  • 16. 
    Folate is a conezyme in the formation of DNA, convering _________ to ________ as well as hemoglobin synthesis.
    • A. 

      Homocysteine to methionine

    • B. 

      Homocysteine to isoleucine

    • C. 

      Homocysteine to lysine

    • D. 

      Homocysteine to alanine

  • 17. 
    Food sources of B12 are...
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Kidney

    • C. 

      Milk

    • D. 

      Corn

    • E. 

      Eggs

    • F. 

      Cheese

    • G. 

      Potato

  • 18. 
    Food sources of folate are...
    • A. 

      Green vegetables

    • B. 

      Oranges, canteloupe

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Legumes

    • E. 

      Milk

    • F. 

      Eggs

    • G. 

      Enriched grains

  • 19. 
    Food sources of Niacin:
    • A. 

      Beans

    • B. 

      Peas

    • C. 

      Peanuts

    • D. 

      Liver

    • E. 

      Enriched grains

  • 20. 
    Food sources of riboflavin are
    • A. 

      Milk and nuts

    • B. 

      Fish, legumes, oils

    • C. 

      Spinach, cauliflower, broccoli

    • D. 

      Organ meats, whole and enriched grains

  • 21. 
    Food sources of Thiamin include:
    • A. 

      Pork, lean meat, liver

    • B. 

      Whole grains and enriched grains

    • C. 

      Legumes, eggs, and fish

    • D. 

      Donuts

  • 22. 
    Food sources of vitamin C are fruits and vegetables as well as nuts and legumes. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Food sources of Vitamin D are...
    • A. 

      Yeast

    • B. 

      Broccoli

    • C. 

      Milk (added)

    • D. 

      Margarine (added)

    • E. 

      Cereals (added)

    • F. 

      Some juices (added)

    • G. 

      Pastries (added)

    • H. 

      Fish liver oils

  • 24. 
    Food sources of Vitamin K are :
    • A. 

      Green leafy vegetables like cabbage, spinach, and kale

    • B. 

      Tomatoes

    • C. 

      Cheese, egg yolk, liver

    • D. 

      Turkey

  • 25. 
    Funcitons of B6 are...
    • A. 

      Energy metabolism

    • B. 

      Converts niacin to tryptophan

    • C. 

      Helps with maintaining homeostasis

    • D. 

      Important for hemoglobin synthesis

    • E. 

      Helps regulate blood flow

    • F. 

      Converts linoleic acid to arachidonic acid

  • 26. 
    Functions of Vitamin K include...
    • A. 

      Blood clotting

    • B. 

      Beneficial in heart disease and prostate cancer prevention

    • C. 

      Protection against aging

  • 27. 
    How many forms are there of Vitamin E?
    • A. 

      1 (alpha)

    • B. 

      3 (alpha, beta, gamma)

    • C. 

      2 (alpha, beta)

    • D. 

      4 (alpha, beta, gamma, delta)

  • 28. 
    How much Vitamin A does the precursor, Beta Carotene supply?
    • A. 

      2/3

    • B. 

      1/5

    • C. 

      3/4

    • D. 

      1/2

  • 29. 
    Hypervitaminosis D can cause
    • A. 

      Hypercalcemia in infants (excess calcium departments)

    • B. 

      Nephrocalcinosis in infants and adults (excess calcium deposits in kidneys)

    • C. 

      Hemtoincalcinosis in middle age people (excess calcium in blood)

  • 30. 
    Hypervitaminosis A does not cause....
    • A. 

      Liver damage

    • B. 

      Kidney damage

    • C. 

      Fetal damage

    • D. 

      Heart damage

  • 31. 
    In the GI system, Beri Beri cuases skeletal muscle cells and secretory glands to lack the energy to carry out the digestive process. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Increased Vitamin C intake may be necessary if...
    • A. 

      Increased amounts of adrenal steroid hormones as a result of stress, injury, burns, fractures, etc.

    • B. 

      Resistance to an infection, especially when there are elevated body temperatures.

    • C. 

      Insulin resistance, because not enough vitamin C is absorbed due to an inability to process glucose.

    • D. 

      Smoking

  • 33. 
    Lipoic Acid and Choline are not true vitamins but are closely related to all but...
    • A. 

      Thiamin's function as a co-enzyme

    • B. 

      Help form lipoproteins for fat transport

    • C. 

      Help transport B12 to liver

  • 34. 
    Low levels of Vitamin D may also account for end stage ______ __________.
    • A. 

      Renal disease

    • B. 

      Heart disease

    • C. 

      Chronic eye infections

    • D. 

      Dry skin

  • 35. 
    Megablastic anemia is due to a lack of folate and is when there are large immature cells. This can lead to spinal cord defects like spina bifida and anencephaly during pregnancy. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    Pantothenic acid and biotin are....
    • A. 

      Coenzymes in CHO and protein metabolism.

    • B. 

      Coenzymes in CHO metabolism.

    • C. 

      Coenzymes in fat and protein metabolism.

    • D. 

      Coenzymes in CHO, fat and protein metabolism.

  • 37. 
    Pellagra is most seen in people who eat a lot of ______.
    • A. 

      Rice

    • B. 

      Limes

    • C. 

      Corn

    • D. 

      Beans

  • 38. 
    Poor ___ absorption will result in poor vitamin K absorption. 
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Fat

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Carbohydrate

  • 39. 
    Pyridoxine is also known as B6. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    Requirements of Vitamin E vary due to the amount of _________ in diet. 
    • A. 

      Trans-fat

    • B. 

      Polyunsaturated fatty acids

    • C. 

      Monounsaturated fatty acids

    • D. 

      Saturated fat

  • 41. 
    RIboflavin is 
    • A. 

      Heat unstable

    • B. 

      Easily destroyed by light

    • C. 

      Absorbed in the lower intestine with phosphorus

    • D. 

      Excreted through GI tract

  • 42. 
    Storage of Vitamin A lasts for how much time?
    • A. 

      4-5 months

    • B. 

      2-3 months

    • C. 

      12-18 months

    • D. 

      6-12 months

  • 43. 
    The best source of Vitamin E is...
    • A. 

      Vegetable oils

    • B. 

      Milk and eggs

    • C. 

      Muscle meats

    • D. 

      Fish, cereals, and leafy greens

    • E. 

      Nuts

  • 44. 
    The clinical name for toxicity due to Vitamin A is ___________ ___. 
  • 45. 
    The liver stores ___ % of the body's vitamin A.
    • A. 

      70

    • B. 

      80

    • C. 

      90

    • D. 

      95

  • 46. 
    The scientific name for niacin is _______ ____. 
  • 47. 
    The scientific name for Vitamin C is...
    • A. 

      Folate

    • B. 

      Asorbic Acid

    • C. 

      Pyridoxine

    • D. 

      Cobalamine

  • 48. 
    The scientific name for Vitamin K is_____
    • A. 

      Tocopherol

    • B. 

      Quinones

    • C. 

      Cholecalciferol

  • 49. 
    The ___ vitamins facilitate work of every cell by generating energy, making protein, in cellular reproduction, metabolizing carbohydrates, fat, and protein. 
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      E

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 50. 
    There are several forms of Vitamin K. K1 or ______ is in plants. K2 or _____ is synthesized by intestinal bacteria. K3 or____________ is the water soluble form requireing bile salts for absorption.
  • 51. 
    Thiamin plays a key role in 
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate metabolism

    • B. 

      Converting protein to glucose

    • C. 

      Converting glucose to fat

  • 52. 
    Toxicity of vitamin C leads to scurvy. Symptoms include: bleeding gums, pinpoint hemorrhaging, degeneration of musles, rough scaley skin, poor wound healing, softening and malformation of long bones, anemia, infection ,adn sudden death due to bleeding in joints and body cavities. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 53. 
    Toxicity of Vitamin D is also called _________ ___. 
  • 54. 
    Toxicity with Vitamin C may be increased in people who have gout and ....
    • A. 

      Sickle cell anemia

    • B. 

      Diabetes

    • C. 

      Foot fungus

    • D. 

      Carpel tunnel

  • 55. 
    Vitamin A absorption occurs in the ______ ______ and requres _____ _____. 
  • 56. 
    Vitamin A deficiency is due to:
    • A. 

      Poor absorption due to a lack of bile

    • B. 

      Defective surface for absorption

    • C. 

      Inadequate dietary intake

    • D. 

      Eating foods with too much fat

    • E. 

      Liver or intestinal disease

  • 57. 
    Vitamin B deficiency diseases are all of these except...
    • A. 

      Beri beri

    • B. 

      Pellagra

    • C. 

      Rickets

    • D. 

      Pernicious anemia

  • 58. 
    Vitamin C deficieny can cause...
    • A. 

      Increased permeability of the capilaries with bleeding into the tissues

    • B. 

      Delayed or incomplete wound healing

    • C. 

      Brain tumors

    • D. 

      Bones that fracture easily

  • 59. 
    Vitamin D acts more as a hormone than a vitamin because it is a precursor of ________ when it is in the skin.
  • 60. 
    Vitamin D helps is involved with which body system?
    • A. 

      Digestive

    • B. 

      Endocrine

    • C. 

      Cardiovascular

    • D. 

      Pulmonary

  • 61. 
    Vitamin D is a pro-hormone for______.
  • 62. 
    Vitamin D may protect against which cancers?
    • A. 

      Breast, colon, and prostate cancer

    • B. 

      Colon, mouth, and stomach cancer

    • C. 

      Skin, stomach, and breast cancer

    • D. 

      Prostate, skin, and stomach cancer

  • 63. 
    Vitamin D promotes bone ___________, by regulating deposition and re-absorption. 
  • 64. 
    Vitamin D Sythesis includes....
    • A. 

      The active form is synthesized in the liver and kidney

    • B. 

      In the skin, dehydro-cholesterol is irradiated to produce vitamin D3 through sun light or cholesterol in skin.

    • C. 

      A protein globulin transports Vitamin D3

    • D. 

      Dark pigmentation hinders synthesis

    • E. 

      Sunlight carries cholesterol in it's rays to the skin

  • 65. 
    Vitamin D with parathyroid hormone stimulate the absorption of _____ and _____ in the small intestine.
  • 66. 
    Vitamin E is also called _____________.
  • 67. 
    Vitamin E is important for which people?
    • A. 

      Pregnant women, lactating women, newborns, older adults, people with leg pain, and people with malabsorption issues

    • B. 

      Teenagers, lactating women, newborns, people with leg pain and older adults

    • C. 

      Pregnant women, lactating women, newborns, people with malabsorption issues, and immunocompromised

    • D. 

      Immunocompromised, lactating women, newborns, and teenagers

  • 68. 
    Vitamin K is absorbed with other fat soluble vitamins into __________ to be transported to the liver where it is stored in _____ amounts. 
  • 69. 
    Wet beri beri is characterized by ____.
  • 70. 
    What are the functions of niacin?
    • A. 

      Works as coenzymes in the conversion fo proteins and glycerol into glucose to yield energy

    • B. 

      Drug therapy, high doses of nicotinic acid are used to lower cholesterol blood levels.

    • C. 

      Works as coenzymes in the conversion of proteins and glycerol into glucose to yield energy

    • D. 

      Helps with protein synthesis in translation

  • 71. 
    What diseases, other than cancers, might Vitamin D protect against?
    • A. 

      Sclerosis

    • B. 

      Lupus

    • C. 

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • D. 

      Diabetes

    • E. 

      Autoimmune diseases

  • 72. 
    Which amino acid can fight agains pellagra because it can be converted into niacin in the body?
    • A. 

      Cysteine

    • B. 

      Tryptophan

    • C. 

      Methionine

    • D. 

      Leucine

  • 73. 
    Which B vitamin causes beri beri?
    • A. 

      Thiamin

    • B. 

      Niacin

    • C. 

      B12

  • 74. 
    Which B vitamin causes pernicious anemia?
    • A. 

      Thiamin

    • B. 

      Niacin

    • C. 

      B12

  • 75. 
    Which factors affect the amount of Vitamin A the body needs?
    • A. 

      The amount ingested

    • B. 

      The form ingested (active of precursor)

    • C. 

      Gastrointestinal defect

    • D. 

      Liver (hepatic) defect

  • 76. 
    Which hinder's absorption of Vitamin A?
    • A. 

      Mineral oil laxatives

    • B. 

      Fat blockers

    • C. 

      Beta-blockers

    • D. 

      Fat replacers

  • 77. 
    Which is not a function of Vitamin A?
    • A. 

      Formation of rhodopsin in the eye, which helps with vision

    • B. 

      Maintains health of GI, respiratory, and urinary tract tissues

    • C. 

      Protection of tissues from keratinization (drying)

    • D. 

      Prevents night blindness

    • E. 

      Growth and fetal development

    • F. 

      Helps with solidifying finger and toe nails.

    • G. 

      Prevents follicle hyper keratosis (bumps on skin)

    • H. 

      Tooth formation

  • 78. 
    Which is not a physiological function of Vitamin E?
    • A. 

      Antioxidant

    • B. 

      Protect cell membrane from oxidation

    • C. 

      Spares selenium if in adequate amounts

    • D. 

      Helps with immune function

  • 79. 
    Which is not a place where active Vitamin A can be found? 
    • A. 

      Adipose tissue

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Brain

    • D. 

      Kidney

    • E. 

      Lungs

  • 80. 
    Which is not a riboflavin deficiency disease?
    • A. 

      Wenicke-Korsakoff

    • B. 

      Cheilosis

    • C. 

      Glossitis

    • D. 

      Corneal vascularization

    • E. 

      Seborrheic dermatits

    • F. 

      Hyperbiltubinemia

  • 81. 
    Which is not a Vitamin A precursor food source? 
    • A. 

      Plant pigments

    • B. 

      White foods

    • C. 

      Yellow foods

    • D. 

      Red foods

    • E. 

      Orange foods

    • F. 

      Dark green foods

  • 82. 
    Which step is not in order in the beta carotene conversion to vitamin A?
    • A. 

      Enzymes and Bile Salts are required.

    • B. 

      In intestinal wall, one molecule of beta carotene is split into two molecules of retinol.

    • C. 

      Transport and Storage

    • D. 

      It is then combined with fatty acids, and transported by chylomicrons to the liver for storage.

  • 83. 
    Which two Vitamins are antioxidants?
    • A. 

      A, C

    • B. 

      A, E

    • C. 

      K, B

    • D. 

      E, B

  • 84. 
    Which type of people may be deprived of Vitamin D synthesis?
    • A. 

      Housebound persons or those where sun exposure is obstructed may be deprived of synthesis.

    • B. 

      People taking cholesterol lowering medication

    • C. 

      People with 3rd degree burns

    • D. 

      People who are in the sun all day.

  • 85. 
    Which vitamin causes pellagra?
    • A. 

      Thiamin

    • B. 

      Niacin

    • C. 

      B12

  • 86. 
    Which vitamin helps maintain collagen, protects agains infection, and helps with oron absorption? 
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      B

    • D. 

      E

  • 87. 
    Which vitamin is essential fr vision, bone growth, reproduction, and epithelial tissue? Deficiency of this vitamin can cause blingness, sickness, and death.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      B

  • 88. 
    Which Vitamin is important to amino acid metabolism and can be toxic in excess?
    • A. 

      B6

    • B. 

      B12

    • C. 

      Niacin

    • D. 

      Folate

  • 89. 
    Which vitamin is necessary for clotting?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      K

    • D. 

      B

  • 90. 
    Which vitamin toxicity causes jaundice?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      E

    • D. 

      K

  • 91. 
    Which vitamins are fat soluble?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      E

    • D. 

      K

    • E. 

      C

  • 92. 
    Which vitamins are part of coenzymes?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      C

  • 93. 
    Which vitamins are water soluble?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      E

    • C. 

      K

    • D. 

      C

  • 94. 
    With Beri Beri, nerve cells are impaired, causing damage to...
    • A. 

      Muscle tissue

    • B. 

      Bran

    • C. 

      Nerve fibers

    • D. 

      Heart

  • 95. 
    ___ is an effective carrier of Vitamin A. 
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Minerals

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Fat

  • 96. 
    ______ Vitamin A is found in animal sources and associated with lipids.
  • 97. 
    _______ is the scientific name for Vitamin A. When ___ _____ is converted to retinol, some potency is lost in the conversion. This is also the precursor to Vitamin A. 
  • 98. 
    ________ is the scientific name for Vitamin D.