Nursing Fundamental Questions

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 131

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Fundamentals Of Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

Being a line of duty on how to take care of people to attain or regain full health and quality life, there are basics and fundamental concepts that are must know for nurses. Take up the challenge and assess yourself.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A facility has a system for transcribing medication orders to a Kardex as well as a computerized medication administration record (MAR). A physician writes the following order for a client: "Prednisone 5 mg P.O. daily for 3 days." The order is correctly transcribed on the Kardex. However, the nurse who transcribes the order onto the MAR neglects to place the limitation of 3 days on the prescription. On the 4th day after the order was instituted, a nurse administers prednisone 5 mg P.O. During an audit of the chart, the error is identified. The person most responsible for the error is the:
    • A. 

      Nurse who transcribed the order incorrectly on the MAR

    • B. 

      Nurse who administered the erroneous dose.

    • C. 

      Pharmacist who filled the order and provided the erroneous dose.

    • D. 

      Facility because of its policy on transcription of medications.

  • 2. 
    To evaluate a client's chief complaint, the nurse performs deep palpation. The purpose of deep palpation is to assess which of the following?
    • A. 

      Skin turgor

    • B. 

      Hydration

    • C. 

      Organs

    • D. 

      Temperature

  • 3. 
    One of the nursing fundamentals questions is about giving an I.M. injection, the nurse should insert the needle into the muscle at an angle of:
    • A. 

      15 degrees.

    • B. 

      30 degrees.

    • C. 

      45 degrees.

    • D. 

      90 degrees.

  • 4. 
    A client, age 43, has no family history of breast cancer or other risk factors for this disease. The nurse should instruct her to have a mammogram how often
    • A. 

      Once, to establish a baseline

    • B. 

      Once per year

    • C. 

      Every 2 years

    • D. 

      Twice per year

  • 5. 
    When prioritizing a client's plan of care based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs, the nurse's first priority would be:
    • A. 

      Allowing the family to see a newly admitted client.

    • B. 

      Ambulating the client in the hallway.

    • C. 

      Administering pain medication

    • D. 

      Placing wrist restraints on the client.

  • 6. 
    A 49-year-old client with acute respiratory distress watches everything the staff does and demands full explanations for all procedures and medications. Which of the following actions would best indicate that the client has achieved an increased level of psychological comfort?
    • A. 

      Making decreased eye contact

    • B. 

      Asking to see family members

    • C. 

      Joking about the present condition

    • D. 

      Sleeping undisturbed for 3 hours

  • 7. 
    A hospitalized client who has a living will is being fed through a nasogastric (NG) tube. During a bolus feeding, the client vomits and begins choking. Which of the following actions is most appropriate for the nurse to take?
    • A. 

      Clear the client's airway.

    • B. 

      Make the client comfortable.

    • C. 

      Start cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

    • D. 

      Stop the feeding and remove the NG tube.

  • 8. 
    The nurse is caring for a geriatric client with a pressure ulcer on the sacrum. When teaching the client about fundamentals in nursing on dietary intake, which foods should the nurse plan to emphasize?
    • A. 

      Legumes and cheese

    • B. 

      Whole grain products

    • C. 

      Fruits and vegetables

    • D. 

      Lean meats and low-fat milk

  • 9. 
    A client with chronic renal failure is admitted with a heart rate of 122 beats/minute, a respiratory rate of 32 breaths/minute, a blood pressure of 190/110 mm Hg, neck vein distention, and bibasilar crackles. Which nursing diagnosis takes highest priority for this client?
    • A. 

      Fear

    • B. 

      Urinary retention

    • C. 

      Excessive fluid volume

    • D. 

      Self-care deficient: Toileting

  • 10. 
    A client's blood test results are as follows: white blood cell (WBC) count is 1,000/μl; hemoglobin (Hb) level, 14 g/dl; hematocrit (HCT), 42%. Which of the following goals would be most important for this client?
    • A. 

      Promote fluid balance

    • B. 

      Prevent infection.

    • C. 

      Promote rest.

    • D. 

      Prevent injury.