Patti's Quiz Part 1

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 43

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Bile is composed of 97 % of what 3 things?
    • A. 

      Bile salts and pigments

    • B. 

      Inorganic salts

    • C. 

      Bilirubin

    • D. 

      Water

    • E. 

      Organic salts

  • 2. 
    Bilirubin molecules attach to _____ and are transported to liver.
  • 3. 
    All of the following are results of serum bilirubin elevation, except...
    • A. 

      Body secretions

    • B. 

      Jaundice

    • C. 

      Cirrhosis

    • D. 

      Sclerae

  • 4. 
    Bile salts are formed from ______ within hepatocytes.
    • A. 

      Fats

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Amino acids

    • D. 

      Cholesterol

  • 5. 
    Rise in serum bilirubin levels gives skin a jaundiced or yellow color. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Echogenic bile indicates ______.
    • A. 

      Liver disease

    • B. 

      Stasis

    • C. 

      Cell necrosis

    • D. 

      Mononucleosis

  • 7. 
    3 ways bile cycle is disturbed
    • A. 

      Blockage of ducts leading from cells

    • B. 

      Excessive RBC destruction

    • C. 

      Bile travels in opposite direction to prevent mixing

    • D. 

      Malfunction of liver cells

  • 8. 
    Albumin transports ____ and ______  and is responsible for plasma osmotic pressure. 
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Hormones

    • C. 

      Pyruvate acid

    • D. 

      Fatty acids

  • 9. 
    Liver is only organ that can secrete _____ into the blood when it exceeds blood level. 
  • 10. 
    Globulins are hormones that transport enzymes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Fibrinogen used in blood clotting.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Liver achieve metabolic interconversion among which 3 things?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Fats

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Glucose

    • E. 

      Proteins

  • 13. 
    Glucose can be produced by _____ broken down to form amino acids.
  • 14. 
    This is suspected in patients who have masslike hypoechoic areas in typical location that would normally have increased echogenicity. Common areas of this are seen anterior to gallbladder or portal vein, or posterior of left lobe. 
  • 15. 
    What increases with cholestasis?
    • A. 

      Alk phos

    • B. 

      Indirect bilirubin

    • C. 

      AST

    • D. 

      Direct bilirubin

  • 16. 
    BUN measures what in blood?
    • A. 

      Nutrients

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Urea

    • D. 

      Plasma proteins

  • 17. 
    When hepatocytes are involved. Treated with supportive measures and drugs.
  • 18. 
    Hepatocytes packed in walls of cells that are separated by these:
    • A. 

      Blood sinusoids

    • B. 

      Arteries

    • C. 

      Veins

    • D. 

      Ligaments

  • 19. 
    When bile excretion is blocked. Treated surgically.
  • 20. 
    Any disease that causes injury to cells causes ____ levels to rise
    • A. 

      ALT

    • B. 

      Alk phos

    • C. 

      LDH

    • D. 

      AST

  • 21. 
    ALT is more specific than AST for evaluating ___________.
  • 22. 
    Alk phos is produced by all of the following except
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Kidney

    • C. 

      Bones

    • D. 

      Intestines

    • E. 

      Placenta

  • 23. 
    Liver enzyme part of blood-clotting mechanism. Depends on Vitamin K use and intake.
  • 24. 
    Prolonged prothrombin time indicates poor prognosis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The direct, or ______, form of bilirubin predominates in hepatocellular disease.
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