a single seller has all or most of the sales in a given market
A small number of large firms have most or all of the sales in a given market
Many small firms compete by selling differentiated products
Many small firms are making nearly identical products
B & d above
A monopoly can arise if small firms merge together or if they disagree about acting together in their pricing and output decisions.
A monopoly occurs when a single seller has all or most of the sales in a given market.
A monopoly exists when a small number of large firms have most or all of the sales in a given market.
A monopoly occurs when a manufacturer requires that the dealer sell only its products and none of its competitors' products.
Environmental Protection Agency
Council of Economic Advisors
Federal Trade Commission
Federal Trade Committee
United States Department of Treasury
The U.S. Department of Justice
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Office of Homeland Security
When a merger involves a firm that does more than $100 million in sales annually.
When a merger involves a firm that does more than $100 billion in sales annually.
When a merger involves a firm that does more that $100 million in sales quarterly.
When a merger involves a firm that disagrees with the national health care act.
When a merger involves a firm that belongs to the Republican party.
If firms seek to make choices that will encourage competiton and lower costs for consumers
If firms can't agree to act together to raise prices
If many small firms make nearly identical products
If competitors become enemies and customers become friends
If firms seek to make choices that will limit competition and impose costs on consumers
Trade-offs are serious.
Government is your friend; and a round of applause for all those lawyers.
We've already determined what you are, now we are just bargaining on the price.
Our competitors are our friends; our customers are the enemy.
Price maintenance agreements
Boycott the product or service
When regulators start believing that their job is to protect industry profits and industry workers, rather than to protect competition and consumers.
When many small firms are making nearly identical products.
A situation that exists as a result of the hgh fixed or start-up costs of operating a business in a particular industry.
When you naturally land on and purchase Boardwalk and Parkplace on your first and second turns.
Consumers paying higher prices
Business environment becomes less stable for the firms and workers in formerly regulate industries
Number of jobs in the industry increase
A mulitiplicity of technologies
A multiplicity of regulations
Stocks that have turned "blue" from sitting so long at the same price
More shares created at at lower price per share
A blue seal on a bond certificate
The stocks of the largest, most consistently profitable corporations
Any bond rated Baa or higher by Moody's, or BBB or higher by Standard and Poor's
The lowest rated corporate and municipal bonds
A downgraded bond
A bond you throw in the junk drawer for twelve years and then cash in when you graduate high school