Level 2: Trivia Quiz On Principles Of Exercise, Fitness And Health!

40 Questions

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Level 2: Trivia Quiz On Principles Of Exercise, Fitness And Health!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following health benefits would result from regular walking?
    • A. 

      Increased blood pressure

    • B. 

      Decreased risk of CHD

    • C. 

      Increased resting heart rate

    • D. 

      Decreased life expectancy

  • 2. 
    The development of balance would be required for which of the following activities? 
    • A. 

      Gymnastics

    • B. 

      Sprinting

    • C. 

      Swimming

    • D. 

      Running

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is a long term adaptation to muscular strength training? 
    • A. 

      Increased size of type ll muscle fibres

    • B. 

      Decreased number of type ll muscle fibres

    • C. 

      Increased number of type ll muscle fibres

    • D. 

      Decreased size of type ll muscle fibres

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      The ability of muscles to exert maximum force in one contraction

    • B. 

      The ability of muscles to exert minimum force in one contraction

    • C. 

      The ability of muscles to repeatedly exert maximum force

    • D. 

      The ability of muscles to repeatedly exert minimum force

  • 5. 
    Which of the following would be classified in the aerobic fitness zone? 
    • A. 

      65% Max heart rate

    • B. 

      75% Max heart rate

    • C. 

      85% Max heart rate

    • D. 

      95% Max heart rate

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is a long term adaptation to cardiovascular training? 
    • A. 

      Increased lactic acid accumulation

    • B. 

      Decreased carbon dioxide removal

    • C. 

      Increased capillarisation

    • D. 

      Decreased oxygen delivery

  • 7. 
    What body type has broad shoulders and a muscular build?
    • A. 

      Ectomorph

    • B. 

      Mesomorph

    • C. 

      Endomorph

    • D. 

      Somatotype

  • 8. 
    According to the Borg 6-20 scale which of the following would represent an intensity that felt ‘somewhat hard’?
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      9

    • C. 

      13

    • D. 

      17

  • 9. 
    What is heart rate? 
    • A. 

      The number of beats/ contractions per minute

    • B. 

      The number of beats/ contractions per 30 seconds

    • C. 

      The volume of blood pumped from the heart in one contraction

    • D. 

      The volume of blood pumped from the heart in one minute

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is defined as the volume of blood pumped from the heart in one contraction? 
    • A. 

      Cardiac output

    • B. 

      Stroke volume

    • C. 

      Heart rate

    • D. 

      Cardiac arrest

  • 11. 
    A long term effect of regular exercise on the heart is increased stroke volume. What effect will this have? 
    • A. 

      The heart will beat less frequently

    • B. 

      The heart will contract less forcefully

    • C. 

      Blood pressure will increase

    • D. 

      CHD risk will increase

  • 12. 
    Complete the text with the missing word?   When someone begins exercising heart rate will________ This will allow a greater supply of blood and therefore oxygen to reach the working muscles. 
    • A. 

      Maintain

    • B. 

      Increase

    • C. 

      Decrease

    • D. 

      Regress

  • 13. 
    What happens during the dilation of blood vessels?
    • A. 

      The blood vessels get wider

    • B. 

      The blood vessels get narrower

    • C. 

      The valves in the veins remain open

    • D. 

      The valves in the veins remain closed

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      It leads to a decrease in blood sugar

    • B. 

      It leads to an increase in blood sugar

    • C. 

      It leads to an increase in the blood supply to the brain

    • D. 

      It leads to a decrease in the blood supply to the brain

  • 15. 
    What happens to the synovial fluid in joints during exercise? 
    • A. 

      The amount of synovial fluid decreases

    • B. 

      The amount of synovial fluid increases

    • C. 

      The amount of oxygen in the synovial fluid decreases

    • D. 

      The amount of oxygen in the synovial fluid increases

  • 16. 
    Which of the following types of muscle contraction is most likely to cause DOMS?
    • A. 

      Isometric

    • B. 

      Isokinetic

    • C. 

      Concentric

    • D. 

      Eccentric

  • 17. 
    Which of the following will primarily recruit type 2b muscle fibres in resistance training?
    • A. 

      High weight and high repetitions

    • B. 

      High weight and low repetitions

    • C. 

      Low weight and high repetitions

    • D. 

      Low weight and low repetitions

  • 18. 
    Which of the following training outcomes requires speed during resistance training? 
    • A. 

      Muscular endurance

    • B. 

      Muscular strength

    • C. 

      Muscular power

    • D. 

      Muscular fitness

  • 19. 
    Which of the following will increase overload during a resistance training exercise?
    • A. 

      Increasing the speed of repetitions

    • B. 

      Decreasing the number of repetitions

    • C. 

      Increasing the lever length

    • D. 

      Decreasing the range of movement

  • 20. 
    An ability to cope with stressful situations in everyday life and to make good decisions is an example of which component of total fitness?
    • A. 

      Social fitness

    • B. 

      Medical fitness

    • C. 

      Mental fitness

    • D. 

      Spiritual fitness

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Maintaining an active lifestyle that contributes to maintaining levels of cardiovascular and muscular fitness and flexibility

    • B. 

      Eating a variety of foods from major food groups and maintaining a calorie intake appropriate for needs and demands

    • C. 

      Being free from disease and illness and making lifestyle choices that maintain this component

    • D. 

      Awareness of and ability to manage and express emotions assertively and with respect to self and others

  • 22. 
    The equation force x speed represents which component of motor fitness/ skill-related fitness? 
    • A. 

      Reaction time

    • B. 

      Power

    • C. 

      Speed

    • D. 

      Agility

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      The ability to change the position of the entire body in space with speed and accuracy

    • B. 

      The ability of the body to remain centred over a base of support

    • C. 

      The ability to perform smooth and accurate movements

    • D. 

      Distance รท Time

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is a genetic factor influencing an individual’s training potential? 
    • A. 

      Diet

    • B. 

      Alcohol

    • C. 

      Smoking

    • D. 

      Body type

  • 25. 
    The 100m sprint primarily uses which of the following components of skill related fitness? 
    • A. 

      Speed

    • B. 

      Agility

    • C. 

      Balance

    • D. 

      Co-ordination

  • 26. 
    What is the recommended intensity and duration of stretching to improve flexibility according to ACSM? 
    • A. 

      5-10 seconds with no feelings of discomfort

    • B. 

      10-15 seconds to mild discomfort

    • C. 

      10-30 seconds to mild discomfort

    • D. 

      10-30 seconds to severe discomfort

  • 27. 
    • A. 

      It is when continued adaptations to training no longer occur

    • B. 

      It is a gradual decrease in physiological gains when training is ceased

    • C. 

      It is the ability of the body to cope with specific training needs

    • D. 

      It is the gradual increase of stress placed upon the body during exercise training

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      A gradual decrease in physiological gains when training is ceased

    • B. 

      The ability of the body to cope with specific training needs

    • C. 

      The gradual increase of stress placed upon the body during training

    • D. 

      The period of time between training sets or training sessions

  • 29. 
    Which of the following principles is affected when an additional set of exercises is added to a resistance training programme?
    • A. 

      Frequency

    • B. 

      Intensity

    • C. 

      Time

    • D. 

      Type

  • 30. 
    Why are supine exercises after the first trimester of pregnancy-contraindicated? 
    • A. 

      They can cause overstretching of ligaments supporting joints

    • B. 

      They can cause loss of balance

    • C. 

      They can reduce blood supply to the baby and mother

    • D. 

      They can cause spinal fractures

  • 31. 
    Which of the following should be avoided when programming for 14-16 year olds? 
    • A. 

      High intensity strength training

    • B. 

      Low intensity strength training

    • C. 

      Functional pushing exercises

    • D. 

      Functional pulling exercises

  • 32. 
    How does exercise reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes? 
    • A. 

      By reducing levels of obesity

    • B. 

      By increasing levels of obesity

    • C. 

      By reducing bone density

    • D. 

      By increasing bone density

  • 33. 
    According to the Food Standards Agency which of the following food groups makes up one of the largest sections of the food plate? 
    • A. 

      Milk and dairy foods

    • B. 

      Fruit and vegetables

    • C. 

      Meat, fish, eggs and beans

    • D. 

      Foods and drinks high in sugar and/or fats

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is a non-dairy source of protein? 
    • A. 

      Beans

    • B. 

      Cheese

    • C. 

      Milk

    • D. 

      Yoghurt

  • 35. 
    Which of the following is a negative effect of dehydration? 
    • A. 

      Increased oxygen uptake

    • B. 

      Decreased oxygen uptake

    • C. 

      Increased fatigue

    • D. 

      Decreased fatigue

  • 36. 
    Which of the following is a source of carbohydrates in the diet? 
    • A. 

      Chicken

    • B. 

      Pasta

    • C. 

      Cheese

    • D. 

      Lamb

  • 37. 
    Which of the following meals/foods would be high in carbohydrate?
    • A. 

      A salad

    • B. 

      Sausages, bacon and fried tomatoes

    • C. 

      Spaghetti Bolognese

    • D. 

      Poached eggs

  • 38. 
    Which of the following will result in weight gain? 
    • A. 

      Energy in + energy out

    • B. 

      Energy in > energy out

    • C. 

      Energy in < energy out

    • D. 

      Energy in = energy out

  • 39. 
    Which of the following can be a result of a diet low in calcium?
    • A. 

      Osteoporosis

    • B. 

      Type 2 Diabetes

    • C. 

      Hypertension

    • D. 

      Weight gain

  • 40. 
    For an individual who is obese which of the following would be a positive change to their diet? 
    • A. 

      Decrease intake of saturated fat

    • B. 

      Decrease intake of fruit and vegetables

    • C. 

      Increase intake of sugary foods

    • D. 

      Increase salt intake