Quiz: IT's Time To Test Your Ancient Rome Knowledge!

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 191

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Quiz: IT

Rome is regarded as one of the earliest civilizations in the world. It is in Rome that we had the strongest armies, most philosophers and the origin of religion. Find out more below and all the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Rome was built on seven rolling hills at a curve on the Tiber River, near the center of the Italian peninsula.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    What type of government did Rome first have?
  • 3. 
    Wealthy landowners who held most of the power in ancient Rome.
    • A. 

      Patricians

    • B. 

      Plebeians

    • C. 

      Tribunes

    • D. 

      Legions

  • 4. 
    In times of crisis, the republic could appoint a dictator. A leader who had absolute power to make laws and command the army
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    In time, Rome's leaders allowed the plebeians to form their own assembly and elect representatives called:
  • 6. 
    All of these are true statements about consuls except:
    • A. 

      Like kings, they commanded the army and directed the government

    • B. 

      The consul's term was only one year and they could not be elected again for ten years

    • C. 

      One consul could always overrule, or veto the other consul's decision

    • D. 

      Rome always had three consuls

  • 7. 
    All of these are true statements about Rome's army except:
    • A. 

      All citizens who owned land were required to serve in the army

    • B. 

      Seekers of certain public offices had to perform ten years of military service

    • C. 

      Roman soldiers were organized into large military units called legions

    • D. 

      A Roman legion was made up of 500 heavily armed foot soldiers

  • 8. 
    In the Second Punic War, Hannibal assembled 50,000 infantry,9,000 cavalry, and 60 elephants with the intent on capturing Rome.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    All of these caused the Republic to collapse except:
    • A. 

      The gap between rich and poor grew wider

    • B. 

      Julius Ceaser killed both consuls and took complete control of the Roman government

    • C. 

      Small farmers found it difficult to compete with the large estates run by the labor of enslaved people

    • D. 

      Poor farmers (many who were former soldiers) sold their land and became part of the urban poor

  • 10. 
    Julius Caesar (consul), Crassus (wealthy Roman), and Pompey (popular general) formed Rome's first triumvirate.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Pompey and Caesar became fought for sole power of Rome until Ptolemy XII had him killed, hoping that Egypt could gain an alliance with Rome.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    All of these are true statements about Cleopatra except:
    • A. 

      She was the mother of Caesar's only child

    • B. 

      She was the pharaoh of Egypt

    • C. 

      She is said to have killed herself by the bite of a poisonous asp

    • D. 

      She killed Mark Antony in an attempt to take over Rome

  • 13. 
    All of these are true statements about Octavian except:
    • A. 

      He beat Mark Antony and Cleopatra's naval forces at the Battle of Actium

    • B. 

      His sister Octavia had Cleopatra killed for having babies with her husband

    • C. 

      He eventually took the title of Augustus which means "exalted one"

    • D. 

      He was the grandnephew of Julius Caesar

  • 14. 
    Augustus was Rome's ablest emperor. He stabilized the frontier, glorified Rome with splendid public buildings, set up a civil service and created a system of government that survived for centuries.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    To distract and control the masses of Romans, the government provided free games, races, mock battles and gladiator contests in the Colosseum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Jesus' growing popularity concerned both Roman and Jewish leaders. The Roman Governor Pontius Pilate accused Jesus of defying the authority of Rome and sentenced him to be crucified.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    All of these are true about Romans early view of the Christians except:
    • A. 

      The Christians posed a problem for the Romans because they refused to worship Roman gods

    • B. 

      Some Roman rulers, like Nero, used the Christians as scapegoats for political and economic troubles

    • C. 

      Romans exiled, imprisoned, or executed Christians for refusing to worship Roman deities

    • D. 

      Romans believe that the Christians were trying to control all of Rome's wealth

  • 18. 
    Constantine was the Roman Emperor who issued the Edict of Milan, which declared Christianity to be one of the approved religions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Rome's acceptance of Christianity helped to slowly strengthen the empire.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    This is the reason that the Roman Empire fell:
  • 21. 
    All of the the statements about Diocletian are true except:
    • A. 

      He ruled with an iron fist and severely limited personal freedoms

    • B. 

      He restored order to the empire and increased its strength

    • C. 

      To restore the prestige of the office of emperor he claimed descent from the ancient Roman gods

    • D. 

      He united the empire under one ruler

  • 22. 
    After Diocletian died, civil war broke out and four rivals were competing for power.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Constantine gained control of the empire after Diocletian's death and move the capital from Rome to ___________________.
  • 24. 
    Although the Huns pushed the Germanic tribes into Rome, they were never a direct threat to the Empire.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    After the 14-year old Roman emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was ousted by German forces in 476, the entire Roman empire collapsed.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False