Advanced Psychology - Qp21

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 388

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Advanced Psychology - Qp21

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The self-concept is a general term which has three major components - the self-image, self-esteem and the ideal-self.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Generally, the greater the gap between self-image and the ideal-self, the lower our self-esteem.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    ______ coined the term ‘looking glass self’.
    • A. 

      Kuhn

    • B. 

      Mead

    • C. 

      Rogers

    • D. 

      Cooley

  • 4. 
    Rogers sees the self and society as a common whole and makes the distinction between ‘I’ and ‘me’.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Mead identified the self-concept as having three aspects, the self-image, the ideal self and self regard.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Factors influencing the development of the self-concept includes: (Select three)
    • A. 

      The reaction of others

    • B. 

      Comparison of self

    • C. 

      Social roles

    • D. 

      Identification with others

  • 7. 
    Different types of behaviour may be linked with social expectations of the ways in which boys and girls should behave.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Direct reinforcement will include:  (Select two)
    • A. 

      Peer Groups

    • B. 

      Observational Learning

    • C. 

      Child-rearing Practices

  • 9. 
    Attachment may be described as ‘a relatively enduring emotional tie to a specific other person’.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Bowlby claimed that the maternal bond could not be broken in the first few years of life without serious and permanent damage to social, intellectual and emotional development.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    There are variable reactions to short-term maternal deprivation of any kind, and these may be influenced by the following factors:  (Select four)
    • A. 

      The age of the child

    • B. 

      Gender / temperament

    • C. 

      Existing relationship with the mother

    • D. 

      Unfamiliarity and stimulating quality of the environment

    • E. 

      Quality of substitute care

  • 12. 
    Privation refers to the failure to develop an attachment to any individual and is usually associated with children reared from birth/or soon after birth in institutions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Bowlby argued that mothering is useless if delayed beyond 12 months, however the effects on normal development can be reversed.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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