Advanced Psychology - Qp3

14 Questions | Total Attempts: 966

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Advanced Psychology - Qp3

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Behaviourism focuses on how the objective, publicly observable behaviours of organisms are shaped by events in the environment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Behaviourists are primarily interested in the way that organisms meet their needs by learning to associate environmental stimuli with either other stimuli or with certain types of behaviour.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    ______ performed some experiments on the automatic reflex called vasoconstriction.
    • A. 

      Pavlov

    • B. 

      Menzies

    • C. 

      Thorndike

    • D. 

      Skinner

  • 4. 
    Many of our phobias are linked to disassociation learning.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Methods to reverse associated learning includes: (Select three)
    • A. 

      Systematic desensitization

    • B. 

      Conditioned response

    • C. 

      One-trial learning

    • D. 

      Flooding

  • 6. 
    ______ relies on the fact that panic requires certain energy resources and we cannot keep those energy levels up indefinitely.
    • A. 

      Systematic desensitization

    • B. 

      One-trial learning

    • C. 

      Flooding

  • 7. 
    In operant conditioning, we learn something because it is immediately followed by something pleasant.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Five further principles linked to classical and/or operant conditioning includes:  (Select four)
    • A. 

      Extinction

    • B. 

      Spontaneous reaction

    • C. 

      Generalisation

    • D. 

      Discrimination

    • E. 

      Behaviour shaping

  • 9. 
    The Law of Effect states simply that the stimulus-conditioning connection is learnt when pleasure results from the act, and stamped out when it does not.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Negative reinforcement is not the same thing as punishment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    ______ developed the idea of cognitive maps, or rough models that we hold in our minds.
    • A. 

      Skinner

    • B. 

      Bandura

    • C. 

      Pavlov

    • D. 

      Tolman

  • 12. 
    Cognitive psychologists, on the other hand, regard the brain as more like a map room where incoming stimuli are put together to actively construct cognitive maps which are used to make responses appropriate for achieving certain outcomes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Researchers in the field of AI have attempted to produce computer programmes which will solve problems, in order to better understand how humans solve problems.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Supporters of AI argue that many of the limitations will be overcome in the future.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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