Advanced Psychology - Qp18

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 382

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Advanced Psychology - Qp18

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Child Growth is concerned with the ways in which infants grow and change psychologically through childhood, until they reach adolescence.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    In relation to cognitive development, Freud suggested that, during the first two years of life, infants are in the ‘sensorimotor’ stage, during which they learn that the world is made up of objects which exist independently of themselves.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    ‘Maturation’ refers to bodily growth and bodily changes that are genetically determined.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    At birth an infant’s brain is fairly similar to an adult’s brain anatomically, but is only ______ the adult size.
    • A. 

      1/4

    • B. 

      2/4

    • C. 

      1/3

    • D. 

      2/3

  • 5. 
    At six months the brain is half the adult weight, at twelve months 60% and at five years 90%.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Maturational development will interact with environmental factors to influence psychological development.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    ______ favour the idea of a sensitive period, and argue that even if attachment doesn’t occur in the first three years, it is still possible (although harder) for a child to develop a close emotional bond later.
    • A. 

      Lenneberg

    • B. 

      Kennell

    • C. 

      Clarke and Clarke

    • D. 

      Bowlby

  • 8. 
    The disadvantages of longitudinal studies are: (Select three)
    • A. 

      They do not provide useful information about how specific individuals develop over time.

    • B. 

      It is usually only practical to study relatively small groups of subjects, and sometimes the groups diminish over time as subjects ‘drop out’ of the study.

    • C. 

      They are more expensive in terms of both time and money to administer.

    • D. 

      There may be differences (or ‘variance’) between the groups (for example educational or cultural differences) which affect the characteristics being measured, so that one is not comparing like with like.

    • E. 

      The smallness of the samples means that one can be less confident of applying the findings to the general population than with a cross-sectional study.

  • 9. 
    Retrospective study may be valuable in producing interesting insights and theories about the effects of early family interactions on personality development.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The ‘nature/nurture’ issue runs right through psychology and is particularly relevant to developmental psychology.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Intelligence is only determined by our genetic potential to form connections.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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