Counseling Exam 2

32 Questions | Total Attempts: 54

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Court Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The use of punishment and reward is associated with which theoretical perspective?
    • A. 

      Humanism

    • B. 

      CBT

    • C. 

      Play therapy

    • D. 

      Family & Systems

  • 2. 
    Influencing strategies seek to
    • A. 

      Allow the clinician some measure of control in the direction of therapy

    • B. 

      Promote change

    • C. 

      Educate the client

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    Being concrete, specific, nonjudgmental, and interactive as well as focusing on client strengths are important in which strategy?
    • A. 

      Feedback

    • B. 

      Logical consequences

    • C. 

      Psychoeducation

    • D. 

      Self-disclosure

  • 4. 
    Using the question, “What might happen if…?” is a type of influencing strategy known as
    • A. 

      Directives

    • B. 

      Information

    • C. 

      Complementarity

    • D. 

      Logical consequences

  • 5. 
    Confrontation should
    • A. 

      Be direct and not open for interpretation

    • B. 

      Lead clients to gaining insight

    • C. 

      Gentle and involve listening

    • D. 

      B & C

  • 6. 
    If you suspect someone is feeling suicidal you should
    • A. 

      Ask them directly if they are thinking about committing suicide

    • B. 

      Allude to the possibility and allow them to lead the discussion

    • C. 

      Assume they will tell you if they are feeling suicidal

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    A client presents to you with a family history of suicide, ideation, and intent but they are motivated to improve and have not specified a clear plan. This client can be categorized as ________ on the lethality scale.
    • A. 

      Mild

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      High

    • D. 

      Very high

  • 8. 
    When assessing a client for homicide, the first and most important guideline is to
    • A. 

      Assess lethality

    • B. 

      Assess accompanying pathology

    • C. 

      Ensure your own safety

    • D. 

      Investigate a history of violent behavior

  • 9. 
    Humanism and person-centered therapy are most commonly associated with
    • A. 

      Behavioral perspective

    • B. 

      CBT perspective

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic perspective

    • D. 

      Affective perspective

  • 10. 
    Maslow believed neuroses stemmed from
    • A. 

      Lack of self-actualization

    • B. 

      Thwarted drive to self-actualize

    • C. 

      Struggles to achieve "potentials"

    • D. 

      Unity or synergy within the person

  • 11. 
    In affective theories, a common belief is that a source of client problems can be attributed to
    • A. 

      Incongruence/inauthenticity of the therapist

    • B. 

      Internal locus of control

    • C. 

      Specific diagnoses

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    Someone who is self-confident, self-directed, has realistic goals, and accepts feelings would be considered 
    • A. 

      An ideal person

    • B. 

      A real person

    • C. 

      A fully functioning person

    • D. 

      A congruent person

  • 13. 
    A common humanistic approach when working with children is
    • A. 

      Child integration therapy

    • B. 

      Axline's Child-Centered therapy

    • C. 

      Rogerian therapy

    • D. 

      Play therapy

  • 14. 
    Common criticisms of humanistic therapies is/are:
    • A. 

      Biology blindness

    • B. 

      Resistance to measurement

    • C. 

      Lack of suitability

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    The idea that thoughts, behaviors, and feelings are interrelated is the premise behind
    • A. 

      Affective therapy

    • B. 

      Existential therapy

    • C. 

      Behavioral therapy

    • D. 

      Logotherapy

  • 16. 
    You are asking a client, “If a miracle happened, what would you be doing differently?” You are most likely employing what type of therapy?
    • A. 

      Solution-focused therapy

    • B. 

      Reality therapy

    • C. 

      Stress-inoculation training

    • D. 

      REBT

  • 17. 
    You are a cognitive-behavioral therapist. Your primary goal for counseling is 
    • A. 

      To change habitual ways of thinking and behaving

    • B. 

      Establish personality congruence

    • C. 

      Guided discovery

    • D. 

      Problem-solving

  • 18. 
    You are a therapist who tends to use humor and confrontation. You challenge your clients, use directives, and you are an active and talkative participant in the therapeutic process. You most like engage in 
    • A. 

      WDEP

    • B. 

      SIT

    • C. 

      REBT

    • D. 

      DBT

  • 19. 
    Questions that elicit counterarguments to challenge client’s beliefs are
    • A. 

      Directive

    • B. 

      Socratic

    • C. 

      Empirical

    • D. 

      Collaborative

  • 20. 
    You have clients who have been referred by law enforcement agencies and court systems. You are most likely to employ what type of therapy?
    • A. 

      SIT

    • B. 

      DBT

    • C. 

      Reality

    • D. 

      CT

  • 21. 
    A characteristic of SIT is:
    • A. 

      It is widely applicable

    • B. 

      It involves only three steps

    • C. 

      It trains people to engage in self-talk

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    In the family and systems approach, the term _________ refers to the concept that as one part of the family changes, other parts change as well.
    • A. 

      Fluidity

    • B. 

      Homeostasis

    • C. 

      Circular causality

    • D. 

      Multigenerational transmission

  • 23. 
    Occasionally, clinicians will be brought in to stabilize a relationship between two people. This is called:
    • A. 

      Scapegoating

    • B. 

      Differentiation

    • C. 

      Family projection process

    • D. 

      Triangulation

  • 24. 
    When the family uses worry about one member (the IP) to pull together, this is a systematic concept known as:
    • A. 

      Scapegoating

    • B. 

      Fusion

    • C. 

      Family projection process

    • D. 

      Triangulation

  • 25. 
    When one does not know the difference between one’s thinking and feeling, resulting in an emotional dominant self, this is termed:
    • A. 

      Permeability

    • B. 

      Flexibility

    • C. 

      Differentiation

    • D. 

      Fusion

  • 26. 
    When one does understand the difference, they can be called:
    • A. 

      Impermeable

    • B. 

      Inflexible

    • C. 

      Differentiated

    • D. 

      Fused

  • 27. 
    Most of your clients are diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. You are trained in DBT. Your emphasis in therapy is on
    • A. 

      Congruence

    • B. 

      Personality change

    • C. 

      Acceptance of interpretation

    • D. 

      Emotional regulation

  • 28. 
    For reinforcement or punishment to work
    • A. 

      It must be clearly connected to the behavior

    • B. 

      It must be positive

    • C. 

      It must be modeled

    • D. 

      It must involve candy

  • 29. 
    A counselor is speaking with a client and sharing an experience the counselor had that was similar to the client’s. The counselor is engaging in:
    • A. 

      Feedback

    • B. 

      Self-disclosure

    • C. 

      Immediacy

    • D. 

      Psychoeducation

  • 30. 
    A common technique derived from the social cognitive learning theory and is often used for treating phobias or assertiveness training is 
    • A. 

      Modeling

    • B. 

      Flooding

    • C. 

      Stimulus control

    • D. 

      Fear reduction

  • 31. 
    Summarize what you consider to be the main concepts argued by Carole Tavris in Mind games: Psychological warfare between therapists and scientists
  • 32. 
    Summarize what you consider to be the main concepts illustrated by Tursi and Cochran in Cognitive-Behavioral tasks accomplished in a person-centered relational framework.