Nail Diseases And Disorders

36 Questions | Total Attempts: 70

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Nail Diseases And Disorders

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A normal healthy naul is firm and flexible and should be:
    • A. 

      Smooth and unspotted

    • B. 

      Uneven and unspotted

    • C. 

      Unspotted and long

    • D. 

      Medium length and unspotted

  • 2. 
    A nial disorder is classified as a condition that is caused by:
    • A. 

      Injury or disease

    • B. 

      Free edge

    • C. 

      Nail surface

    • D. 

      Improper care or white spots

  • 3. 
    A condition of the nails in which blood clots form under the nail plate is:
    • A. 

      Damaged nails

    • B. 

      Swollen nails

    • C. 

      Bruised nails

    • D. 

      Eggshell nails

  • 4. 
    When performing nail services on a client with nail ridges running vertically down the nail plate, it is recommended that the technician:
    • A. 

      Carefully remove the nail plate

    • B. 

      Carefully buff the nail plate

    • C. 

      Refuse to service the client

    • D. 

      Refer the client to a medical doctor

  • 5. 
    A common nail condition where living skin around the nail splits due to dryness of the skin is:
    • A. 

      Beau's lines

    • B. 

      Leukonychia spots

    • C. 

      Onych

    • D. 

      Hangnails

  • 6. 
    A localized area of increased pigment cells within the matrix bed is responsible for the nail condition:
    • A. 

      Beau's lines

    • B. 

      Agnail

    • C. 

      Melanonychia

    • D. 

      Melanin

  • 7. 
    A common term used to describe a nail with a highly curved nail plate is:
    • A. 

      Bitten nail

    • B. 

      Split nail

    • C. 

      Bruised nail

    • D. 

      Plicatured nail

  • 8. 
    An abnormal nail condition that is the result of damage to the eponychium or hyponychium and occurs when skin is stretched by the nail is:
    • A. 

      Nail pterygium

    • B. 

      Curved nails

    • C. 

      Pincer nail

    • D. 

      Nail cuticle

  • 9. 
    Parasites that under some conditions may cause infection to the feet and hands are:
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Pus

    • C. 

      Pincer

    • D. 

      Mold

  • 10. 
    Nail fungi are of concern to the salon because they can be transmitted through unsanitary implements and are:
    • A. 

      Unhealthy

    • B. 

      Fragile

    • C. 

      Contagious

    • D. 

      Viruses

  • 11. 
    A term that should not be used when referring to infections of the fingernails and toenails is:
    • A. 

      Tinea

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Mold

    • D. 

      Pathogens

  • 12. 
    To prevent fungal organisms on the nail, in addition to the sanitation and disinfection of implements, the technician must properly:
    • A. 

      Clean and prepare the natural nail plate

    • B. 

      Clean and prepare the nail cuticle area

    • C. 

      Remove nail polish remover from nails

    • D. 

      File nails with a disposable file

  • 13. 
    A typical bacterial infection on the nail plate can be identified in the early stages as a:
    • A. 

      Blue-black spot under the nail

    • B. 

      Yellow-green spot on the nail

    • C. 

      White spot on the nail bed

    • D. 

      Black spots on the nail plate

  • 14. 
    To avoid the spread of any nail diseases or bacterial infections, it is imperative that the technician use:
    • A. 

      Strict sanitation and disinfection practices

    • B. 

      Familiar sanitation practices

    • C. 

      Strict disinfections and proficient skill techniques

    • D. 

      Low-level sanitation and disinfection practices

  • 15. 
    The lifting of the nail plate from the bed without shedding is  nail disease called:
    • A. 

      Onycholysis

    • B. 

      Onychomadesis

    • C. 

      Nail psoriasis

    • D. 

      Ingrown nails

  • 16. 
    A bacterial inflammation surronding the nail tissue that may be the result of excessive exposure to water is:
    • A. 

      Paronychia

    • B. 

      Tinea pedis

    • C. 

      Salmon patches

    • D. 

      Pyogenic

  • 17. 
    The medical term for fungal infections associated with the feet is:
    • A. 

      Tinea pathogenic

    • B. 

      Tinea pedis

    • C. 

      Tinea alopecia

    • D. 

      Paronychia

  • 18. 
    The technical term used to describe bitten nails is:
    • A. 

      Onychophagy

    • B. 

      Onychorrhexis

    • C. 

      Onycholysis

    • D. 

      Onyx

  • 19. 
    The naturally occuring skin bactera that can grow out of control and cause an infection if conditions are correct is:
    • A. 

      Melanoychia

    • B. 

      Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    • C. 

      Leukonychia

    • D. 

      Pterygium

  • 20. 
    Nails turn variety of colors; may indicate systemic disorder
  • 21. 
    Dark purplish spots; usually due to injury:
  • 22. 
    Wavy ridges caused by uneven nail growth; usually result of illness or injury
  • 23. 
    Noticeably thin white nail plate that is more flexible than normal; may be caused by diet, illness, or medication
  • 24. 
    Depressions in the nail that run either lengthwise or across the nail; result from illness or injury, stress, or pregnancy
  • 25. 
    The cuticle splits around the nail
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