Cognitive-behavioral treatment and stress reduction
A small percentage of adolescent suicides are an expression of severe depression
Suicide is generally a response to some dissapointment in people who are otherwise psychologically healthy
All people who attempt suicide have mood disorders
Suicide is often associated with pyschological disorders, especially depression
Men have twice as many mood disorders as women
Bipolar disorders occur equally across the sexes
Females experience major depressive disorders less frequently than males
Dysthmia occur equally across the sexes
research suggests that faking dissociative experiences is possible. research suggests that faking the dissociativve experiences is possible
Objecctive tests can always..
It is virtually impossible to fake...
Most DID pateints are faking
He "host" personality
He most recent personality to emerge
A different personality
Decreased EEG beta activity
Increased muscle tensions
Heightened autonomic arousal
Increased heart rate
Ability to see some bright objects when calm but suffering complete loss of sight during
Feeling a lump in the throat that interferes with swallowing, eating, or talking. feeling a lump in the throat that interferes with swallowing, eating, or talking
Ability to identify everything in the visual field even tho the patient reports that she is blind
Great concern witth the loss of functon n belief that the symptom of fatal disease
DID is made up of false memories
DID is absolutley impossible to fake
DID is easy to fake
Dissociative symptoms may be the result of sleep deprivation Dissociative symptoms may be the result of sleep deprivation Dissociative symptoms may be the result of sleep deprivation
Overwhelming evidence suggests that mood disorders are familial and reflect an underylying genetic vulnerabiltiy
Studies are now beginning to identify small group of genes that may contribute to genetic vulnerabitltiy
Genetic contribution to depression falls in range of app 40% females and 20% males
All of the above
Cognitive content (thinking) is more negativr in anxious patients than in those with depression
Core symptom of anxiety is inability to experience pleasure
Many depressed patients are or have been anxious and many anxious patients are or have been depressed
Anxiety is often preceded by an episode of major depression
Depression in vulnerable poeple might be triggered by decreased production of the hormone called melatonin
SAD can be treated with phototherapy 2 hours of exposure to bright light just before going to sleep
Women with SAD reported more autonomous negative thoughts throughout the year than woman without SAD
People with SAD have symptoms of decreased sleep and decreased appetite
Cognitive therapy to modify conscious or unconscious perceptions about the "dangerousness" of feared situations
Reducing agoraphobic avoidance by exposure to feared situations
Exercises to elevate the heart rate or spinning to make the patient dizzy
Creation of mini panic attacks in the therapist's office
Billy, an 8-year-old boy
Monica, a 50-year-old woman
Tanya, a 15-year-old girl
Sam, a 50-year-old male
Iit need only lasst 4 days
It does contribute to the defnition of several mood disorders
It causes marked impairment in social or occupational functioning
It is not necessarily problematic
They enter REM sleep quickly
They experience intense REM episodes
They show delayed slow wave sleep
They show advanced slow wave of sleep
Callie has a hoarding compulsion. She becomes anxious whenever she has to throw something away; she even keeps stuff that she doesn't need and will never use. Her therapist has arranged for all Callie's junk to be dumped when she is away from home.
Kelly has religious obsessions. She feels that if she doesn't read biblical passages every hour of the day, she will do something evil. Her therapist is treating her by having her attend religious services more frequently so that good thoughts will replace the bad ones.
Kerry has an obsessive fear of contamination that has led to compulsive hand-washing rituals. Her therapist is treating her by forcing her to wash her hands repeatedly, even when she doesn't feel anxious.
Carrie has an obsessive fear of contamination that has led to compulsive hand-washing rituals. Her therapist is treating her by making her touch dirty laundry but not allowing her to wash for increasingly longer periods of time afterward.
PTSD occurs in all individuals who experience a traumatic event.
Acute stress disorder was included as a DSM-IV diagnosis so early severe reactions to trauma could receive health insurance coverage for immediate treatment
Most persons diagnosed with acute stress disorder do not eventually develop PTSD.
Acute stress disorder is diagnosed instead of PTSD if a person's symptoms begin 6 months or more after the traumatic event.
Victims of PTSD often repress the emotional part of their memories of the traumatic events
Re-exposure to the trauma should be accomplished quickly to assure the best therapeutic response
Psychoanalytic therapists help patients to relive emotional trauma through a process called free association.
Medications effective for other anxiety disorders are ineffective with PTSD.
An inherited tendency can make us tense or uptight
Panic disorder does not "run in families."
Stress is a direct cause of panic disorder.
A single gene makes us vulnerable to anxiety
Stressful life events
All of these
Limited imagination refelcted in a slow way of speaking
Anxiety about airplane travel
Rapid speech expressing many exciting ideas at one
Repression of all creative ideas