Naval History Midterm Review

32 Questions

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History Midterm Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The strength of the United States and the strength of the United States Navy have run parallel. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Why was the Dreadnought (British ship) important?
    • A. 

      First ironclad

    • B. 

      First ship with only big guns

    • C. 

      First battleship

    • D. 

      First ship in the Continental Navy

  • 3. 
    During the American Revolution, there was a single centralized leader of the Navy. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Who was in charge of the Navy after the Revolution?  Hint: He was the Secretary of War
    • A. 

      George Washington

    • B. 

      John Adams

    • C. 

      Henry Knox

    • D. 

      Abraham Lincoln

  • 5. 
    The Navy Board of Commisioners, which consisted of the Navy's 3 top ranking officers, was instituted after which war?
    • A. 

      Civil War

    • B. 

      War of 1812

    • C. 

      2nd Barbary War

    • D. 

      Spanish-American War

  • 6. 
    The Bureau System that runs the Navy began in what year? This system still exists today, and it experienced growth in the Civil War and WWI. 
    • A. 

      1900

    • B. 

      1918

    • C. 

      1842

    • D. 

      1838

  • 7. 
    Which of the following types of navies aided America's cause during the American Revolution? 
    • A. 

      Washington's Navy

    • B. 

      State's navies

    • C. 

      Continental Navy

    • D. 

      Lake's Navies

    • E. 

      French Navy

    • F. 

      Spanish Navy

    • G. 

      Gunboat Navy (Jefferson's preferred plan)

  • 8. 
    The US Navy was formed after the American Revolution. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Which of the following were types of navies preceding the Civil War?
    • A. 

      Sail

    • B. 

      Steel

    • C. 

      Steam

  • 10. 
    Which of the following were types of navies during the Civil War?
    • A. 

      Regular

    • B. 

      Ironclad

    • C. 

      Riverine

  • 11. 
    WWI included
    • A. 

      Fleet structural concept

    • B. 

      Battleships

    • C. 

      Cruisers

    • D. 

      Destroyers (guard against submarines)

    • E. 

      Jetskis

  • 12. 
    Which of the following were major battles of the American Revolution and why? 
    • A. 

      Valcour Island (Lake Champlain) - Benedict Arnold built lake’s Navy that slowed British movement towards NY; we lost

    • B. 

      Penobscot Bay - destroyed teamed up states' navies who tried to go up to Maine; utter failure

    • C. 

      Capes - Britain v. Spanish/French - Britain, France, and Spain; fought by VA and MD; pin Cornwallis’s troops in Yorktown; neither side won; British couldn’t continue to attack; Cornwallis eventually surrendered and British soon after agreed to peace terms

  • 13. 
    What important ideas do we need to know about the Quasi War?
    • A. 

      No battles we need to know

    • B. 

      Napoleonic Wars between France and Great Britain

    • C. 

      France expected us to help them, but we stayed neutral

  • 14. 
    1st Barbary War was important because 
    • A. 

      Our Navy invades Barbary Pirates who have been prying on shipping in the Mediterranean

    • B. 

      The USS Philadelphia is burned; first sunk, then resurfaces and grabbed by pirates, eventually Edward Prebble burns it

  • 15. 
    The War of 1812 included 
    • A. 

      Single ship engagements

    • B. 

      No big fleets; frigate duals which solely boosted morale

    • C. 

      Battle of Lake Eerie - Oliver Hazard Perry

    • D. 

      Battle of Lake Ontario - Comm Isaac Chauncey

    • E. 

      Battle of Lake Champlain - stops British assault to NY

    • F. 

      British plan- same as Revolution, come through North on St. Lawrence River and cut the country

    • G. 

      Established Michigan as the best state in the Union.

  • 16. 
    We don't need to know specifics about the 2nd Barbary War. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Mexican-American War...
    • A. 

      Battle of Vera Cruz- joint Navy and Army operation (20,000 soldiers)

    • B. 

      Took Mexico City

  • 18. 
    Battles of the Civil War and their importance...
    • A. 

      Port Royal- trying to establish a base on Confederate territory (between Savannah and Charleston)

    • B. 

      Hampton Roads- Merrimac v. Monitor; first time two ironclads fought eachother

    • C. 

      New Orleans- Farragut took the city which was the second biggest port in the country

    • D. 

      Vicksburg- Foote took New Orleans and moved up while Foote took Island No. 10 and moved down; met at Vicksburg

  • 19. 
    Spanish-American War.. 
    • A. 

      Manila Bay- Dewey destroys Spanish fleet in Philippines

    • B. 

      Battle of Santiago- led to destruction of Spanish's Caribbean Squadron, William Samson

    • C. 

      ABCD ships

    • D. 

      Showed the world the strength of US Navy for the first time

  • 20. 
    Why was securing the Panama Canal important?
    • A. 

      Strategy

    • B. 

      Move to Pacific without going around South America

    • C. 

      Gold

  • 21. 
    In what war was yellow journalism prevelant? 
    • A. 

      Spanish-American War

    • B. 

      Civil War

    • C. 

      American Revolution

    • D. 

      WWI

  • 22. 
    What were the parts of the Anaconda Plan?
    • A. 

      Blockade

    • B. 

      Invade and cut the south in half

    • C. 

      Press in on all sides

  • 23. 
    Guerre de course? 
    • A. 

      Fleet to Fleet

    • B. 

      Ironclad use

    • C. 

      War on commerce

    • D. 

      International neutrality plan

  • 24. 
    Guerre de escarde?
    • A. 

      War on commerce

    • B. 

      International neutrality plan

    • C. 

      Fleet to Fleet

    • D. 

      Ironclad use

  • 25. 
    Who was the first Commodore of the Continental Navy?
    • A. 

      George Washington

    • B. 

      John Adams

    • C. 

      Esek Hopkins

    • D. 

      Edward Prebble

  • 26. 
    Who wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History?
    • A. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • B. 

      George Dewey

    • C. 

      Alfred Thayer Mahan

    • D. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

  • 27. 
    What did the Roosevelt Corollary involve?
    • A. 

      US will enforce power over Caribbean powers; not Europeans

    • B. 

      US will act as a police power

    • C. 

      Needed because many islands owed European countries money

  • 28. 
    Other important people? 
    • A. 

      Adm. Sims- coordinates US efforts with British in WWI

    • B. 

      John Lejeune- Marine who fought in Caribbean, Panama, WWI

    • C. 

      Theodore Roosevelt - strong proponent of the Navy

    • D. 

      President James Monroe- established Monroe Doctrine, European powers could no longer colonize Western hemisphere

    • E. 

      Charles Wilkes- explores Antarctica; makes stops all over the globe advocating for the US

    • F. 

      Matthew Perry- opened Japan to US

  • 29. 
    Who conflicted about the size of the Navy after the Revolution?
    • A. 

      Jefferson- state's navies, gunboat navy

    • B. 

      Adams- strong central navy

  • 30. 
    Who was the most influential Confederate Naval officer?
    • A. 

      Farragut

    • B. 

      Dupont

    • C. 

      Foote

    • D. 

      Buchanan

  • 31. 
    Who said "Damn the torpedos, full speed ahead!" at the Battle of Mobile Bay?
    • A. 

      Foote

    • B. 

      Faragut

    • C. 

      Scott

    • D. 

      Sims

  • 32. 
    Technological Advances in the history of the Navy...
    • A. 

      Up until 1st Barbary War- not much

    • B. 

      Up until Civil War- screw propulsion, steam, Shell Dahlgren guns, ironclads

    • C. 

      After Civil War- iron, steel, torpedos, mines, dreadnought, functional submarine, aviation