A long note in the bass.
A note that you play on the piano when you hold down the sustain pedal.
A note that is sustained or repeated while the rest of the music changes around it.
A short bass phrase which is repeated many times with varied upper parts.
A short bass phrase which is played very loudly.
A short bass phrase which is repeated in other parts.
A fanfare in a major key played on a trumpet.
Using a simple melody with a decrescendo.
Playing the character's leitmotif but in an altered form, using dissonant notes.
A decrease in tempo and dynamics.
An increase in tempo and dynamics.
Use traditional instruments and music from that place.
Use a fast tempo and a ground bass.
Use lots of different instruments and a polyphonic texture.