Muscles Of The Lower Extremity 2

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 58

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Muscles Of The Lower Extremity 2

Welcome to the electronic human anatomy and physiology classroom of the 21st Century. This test will focus on the muscles and muscle groups of the lower extremity of the thigh, lower leg, and foot. The musculature, bony structure, and joints of the pelvic girdle function in locomotion and maintenance of stability. Please note the terms "action" and "function" have the same meaning. You can find additional tests on Mitchell's Cosmic Adventure, science web site. You have unlimited number of attempts to increase knowledge and test-taking skills. Each attempt will result in a new set of questions and answers! I wish you good luck and earn high marks on this test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The gluteal group of muscles does not contain _____.
    • A. 

      Maximus

    • B. 

      Medius

    • C. 

      Minimus

    • D. 

      Brevis

  • 2. 
    What is the origin of the Gluteus minimus?
    • A. 

      Ilium (lateral surface)

    • B. 

      Ilium (crest and posterior surface)

    • C. 

      Ilium (crest and anterior surface)

    • D. 

      Sacrum and coccyx

  • 3. 
    Please check each muscle that has an "action" / "function" that adducts the thigh.  (Hint: there are multiple correct answers.)
    • A. 

      Adductor Brevis

    • B. 

      Adductor Longus

    • C. 

      Adductor Magnus

    • D. 

      Adductor Ilium

    • E. 

      Gluteus Medius

  • 4. 
    There are two major muscle groups that move the foot.  Please choose the correct groups.
    • A. 

      Extrinsic and Intrinsic

    • B. 

      Anterior and Posterior

    • C. 

      Superior and Inferior

    • D. 

      Lateral and Medial

  • 5. 
    Gluteus maximus extends the thigh and rotates leg inward.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The _____ _____ _____ flexes toes two through five. (Hint: please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 7. 
    Identify the muscle which matches the "action/function" of flexes and inverts the foot.
    • A. 

      Tibialis anterior

    • B. 

      Gastrocnemius

    • C. 

      Soleus

    • D. 

      Peroneus brevis

    • E. 

      Lumbricales

  • 8. 
    What is the name of the muscle pointed by the arrow?
    • A. 

      Tibialis anterior

    • B. 

      Tibialis longus

    • C. 

      Abductor hallucis

    • D. 

      Peroneus brevis

    • E. 

      Biceps femoris

  • 9. 
    What is the "action/function" of the Peroneus tertius muscle?  (Hint: please enter your two word answer in all lower case letters.)
  • 10. 
    What is the name of the muscle identified in the image below?
    • A. 

      Soleus

    • B. 

      Extensor digitorum longus

    • C. 

      Peroneus brevis

    • D. 

      Flexor digiti minimu brevis

  • 11. 
    What is the "action/function" of the Vatus intermedius muscle?  (Hint: Please enter your two-word answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 12. 
    Which muscle in the image below has an origin  of the fibula (distal third)?  (HINT: Please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 13. 
    What is the origin of the muscle shown in the image below?
  • 14. 
    The _____ _____ _____ tightens iliotibial tract.  (Please enter your 3-word answers in lower case letters.)
  • 15. 
    Which of the following muscles have an "action/function" that extends the leg?
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris

    • B. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • C. 

      Vastus medialis

    • D. 

      Peroneus brevis

    • E. 

      Vastus intermedius

  • 16. 
    Which muscles listed below everts the foot. (Note: your must select all correct answer to receive full credit.)
    • A. 

      Peroneus longus

    • B. 

      Peroneus brevis

    • C. 

      Peroneus tertius

    • D. 

      Soleus tertius

    • E. 

      Abductor hallucis

  • 17. 
    What is the insertion of the Intrinsic Lumbricales muscle?
    • A. 

      Phalanges (1 to 4)

    • B. 

      Phalanges (2 to 5)

    • C. 

      Phalanges (1 to 3)

    • D. 

      Phalanges (1 to 2)

    • E. 

      Phalanges (3 to 5)

  • 18. 
    What is the function of the Flexor hallucis brevis?
    • A. 

      Flex proximal phalanges

    • B. 

      Flexes first (great) toe

    • C. 

      Flexes fifth (small) toe

    • D. 

      Flexes foot

    • E. 

      Flex distal phalanges

  • 19. 
    What muscle is being described by the given the fibula (lower   of lateral surface of the shaft.)
  • 20. 
    What is the origin of the abductor digti minimi?
  • 21. 
    The abductor hallicus has calcaneous (origin) and adducts first (great) toe as a (function).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    What is the insertion of the flexor digitorum brevis?
    • A. 

      Middle phalanges of toes (1 to 5)

    • B. 

      Middle phalanges of toes (2 to 5)

    • C. 

      First (great) toe

    • D. 

      Fifth metatrasal

    • E. 

      First cuneiform

  • 23. 
    What is the origin of the Peroneus longus if the insertion is base of first metatarsal?
    • A. 

      Fibula (head and shaft)

    • B. 

      Fibula (medial condyle)

    • C. 

      Tibia (lateral condyle)

    • D. 

      Tibia (underneath gastrocnemius)

  • 24. 
    Which statement is false concerning "good posture".
    • A. 

      Put the least amount of strain on bones

    • B. 

      Head and chest held low

    • C. 

      Chin, abdomen, and buttocks pulled in

    • D. 

      Knees are bent slightly

    • E. 

      Feet placed firmly on groun about 15 cm apart

  • 25. 
    What is the function of the soleus muscle?
    • A. 

      Extends foot

    • B. 

      Inverts foot

    • C. 

      Flexes foot

    • D. 

      Abducts foot

    • E. 

      Adduct foot