Muscles Of The Lower Limb

56 Questions | Total Attempts: 183

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Lower Limb Quizzes & Trivia

Anatomy of the lower limb - mainly muscles


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the innervation of psoas major?
    • A. 

      Femoral nerve

    • B. 

      Anterior rami L1, L2, L3

    • C. 

      Anterior rami L2, L3, L4

    • D. 

      Anterior rami L3, L4, L5

    • E. 

      Anterior rami L4, L5, S1

  • 2. 
    Which muscles attach directly to the quadriceps tendon ONLY?
    • A. 

      Vastus medialis

    • B. 

      Vastus intermedius

    • C. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • D. 

      Rectus femoris

    • E. 

      Sartorius

  • 3. 
    Where does sartorius insert distally?
    • A. 

      Quadriceps tendon

    • B. 

      Tibial tuberosity

    • C. 

      Anterior surface of tibia

    • D. 

      Fibular

    • E. 

      Lateral condyle

  • 4. 
    What is/are the predominant flexors of the hip?
    • A. 

      Iliopsoas

    • B. 

      Sartorius

    • C. 

      Quadriceps

    • D. 

      Gluteal muscles

  • 5. 
    What is the distal insertion of gracilis?
  • 6. 
    Which nerve innervates gracilis?
    • A. 

      Femoral

    • B. 

      Sciatic

    • C. 

      Obturator

    • D. 

      Superior gluteal

    • E. 

      Inferior gluteal

  • 7. 
    What is the function of gracilis?
    • A. 

      Abducts hip

    • B. 

      Adducts hip

    • C. 

      Flexes knee

    • D. 

      Flexes hip

    • E. 

      Medially rotates hip

  • 8. 
    What is the function of sartorius?
    • A. 

      Flex the hip and extend the knee

    • B. 

      Extend the hip and extend the knee

    • C. 

      Flex the hip and flex the knee

    • D. 

      Extend the hip and flex the knee

  • 9. 
    What is the innervation of pectineus?
    • A. 

      Sciatic

    • B. 

      Anterior Rami L1, L2, L3

    • C. 

      Obturator

    • D. 

      Saphenous

    • E. 

      Femoral

  • 10. 
    What is the function of Adductor longus?
    • A. 

      Flexes hip

    • B. 

      Abducts hip

    • C. 

      Medially rotates hip

    • D. 

      Laterally rotates hip

    • E. 

      Adducts hip

  • 11. 
    What is the function of pectineus?
    • A. 

      Abducts hip

    • B. 

      Adducts hip

    • C. 

      Flexes hip

    • D. 

      Flexes knee

    • E. 

      Medially rotates hip

  • 12. 
    What is the innervation and function of Obturator externus?
    • A. 

      Obturator nerve, adduction/ medial rotation

    • B. 

      Obturator nerve, adduction/ lateral rotation

    • C. 

      Sciatic nerve, adduction / medial rotation

    • D. 

      Sciatic nerve adduction / lateral rotation

    • E. 

      Sciatic nerve adduction / flexion

  • 13. 
    What is the innervation to Adductor Longus?
    • A. 

      Sciatic nerve

    • B. 

      Femoral nerve

    • C. 

      Obturator nerve

    • D. 

      Pudendal nerve

    • E. 

      Tibial nerve

  • 14. 
    What is the function of Adductor magnus?
    • A. 

      Adduction of the hip

    • B. 

      Abduction of the hip

    • C. 

      Medial rotation of the hip

    • D. 

      Lateral rotation of the hip

    • E. 

      Flexion of the hip

  • 15. 
    What innervates gemellus superior?
    • A. 

      Nerve to quadratus femoris

    • B. 

      Nerve to obturator internus

    • C. 

      Nerve to sartorius

    • D. 

      Superior gluteal nerve

    • E. 

      S1, S2

  • 16. 
    Where would you give an intramuscular injection in the gluteal region?
    • A. 

      Lower lateral quadrant of gluteal region

    • B. 

      Lower medial quadrant of gluteal region

    • C. 

      Upper medial quadrant of gluteal region

    • D. 

      Upper lateral quadrant of gluteal region

  • 17. 
    Which nerve roots supply the femoral nerve?
    • A. 

      L1, L2, L3

    • B. 

      L2, L3, L4

    • C. 

      L3, L4, L5

    • D. 

      L2, L3

    • E. 

      L3, L4

  • 18. 
    What is the function of Adductor Brevis?
    • A. 

      Abducts hip

    • B. 

      Medially rotates hip

    • C. 

      Laterally rotates hip

    • D. 

      Adducts hip

    • E. 

      Flexes hip

  • 19. 
    Which gluteal region muscles do not laterally rotate?
    • A. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • B. 

      Gluteus medius

    • C. 

      Gluteus minimus

    • D. 

      Quadratus Femoris

    • E. 

      Inferior gemells

  • 20. 
    What is the action on the hip of piriformis?
    • A. 

      Medial rotation

    • B. 

      Lateral rotation

    • C. 

      Adduction

    • D. 

      Abduction

    • E. 

      Extension

  • 21. 
    What innervates piriformis?
    • A. 

      Sciatic nerve

    • B. 

      Inferior gluteal

    • C. 

      Superior gluteal

    • D. 

      S1, S2

    • E. 

      Nerve to obturator internus

  • 22. 
    What is the innervation to Adductor magnus?
    • A. 

      Obturator nerve

    • B. 

      Pudendal nerve

    • C. 

      Femoral nerve

    • D. 

      Tibial nerve

    • E. 

      Sciatic nerve

  • 23. 
    What is the collective action of the gemelli, piriformis, obturator internus, and quadratus femoris on the hip?
    • A. 

      Medial rotation of the extended leg

    • B. 

      Lateral rotation of the extended leg

    • C. 

      Abduction of the extended leg

    • D. 

      Adduction of the extended leg

    • E. 

      Flexion of the extended leg

  • 24. 
    Put these in order of their contents through the femoral triangle, lateral to medial.a) femoral veinb) femoral nervec) deep lymph nodesd) femoral artery
    • A. 

      Bcad

    • B. 

      Bdca

    • C. 

      Badc

    • D. 

      Bdac

    • E. 

      Bacd

  • 25. 
    Which muscles don't flex the knee?
    • A. 

      Soleus

    • B. 

      Plantaris

    • C. 

      Gastrocnemius

    • D. 

      Sartorius

    • E. 

      Hamstrings

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