Social Psychology 101

18 Questions

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Social Psychology 101

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why do people conform?
    • A. 

      To be prosocial or antisocial

    • B. 

      Only to fit in

    • C. 

      Due to normative social influence and/or informational social influence

    • D. 

      Only because other people know more about what is going on than they do

  • 2. 
    People exert influence through social power, the five bases being:
    • A. 

      Reward

    • B. 

      Punishment

    • C. 

      Coercive

    • D. 

      Legitimate

    • E. 

      Illegitimate

    • F. 

      Referent

    • G. 

      Expert

    • H. 

      Passion

  • 3. 
    These are all examples of informational social influence except:
    • A. 

      You ask your careers advisor what your university degree options are for next year.

    • B. 

      You change the way you dress to university so that you can fit in better.

    • C. 

      You are participating in the City2Surf race but are unsure of the route, so you wait to see which road the other runners take.

    • D. 

      On the first day of your new job, the firm alarm goes off and you watch your co-workers to see what they’ll do.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following had the least influence on a participant’s willingness to giving shocks in Milgram's obedience studies?
    • A. 

      Normative social influence

    • B. 

      Self-justification

    • C. 

      Their aggression

    • D. 

      Informational social influence

  • 5. 
    Which of the following cannot be classified as a group sanction?
    • A. 

      Everyone ridicules you for wearing beige to the Annual White Party.

    • B. 

      You are awarded Player of the Match after your cricket game.

    • C. 

      Your mother doesn’t let you to meet your group of friends after school.

    • D. 

      Your teacher gives you a lolly when you get an answer right in class.

  • 6. 
    In Asch Line-Judgment Studies:
    • A. 

      Participants tended to publicly and privately comply.

    • B. 

      Participants relied on informational influence for the correct answers.

    • C. 

      Participants tended to privately comply without public compliance.

    • D. 

      Participants tended to publicly comply without private acceptance.

  • 7. 
    There is no effect of personality on prosocial behaviour.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Bandura conducted a study with Bobo dolls that supported the _____________ Theory, that people can learn social behaviour (e.g. aggression) by observing others and imitating them.
  • 9. 
    Leslie is a new student at her high-school. During the first week of classes, she sees Ron, a guy from her Psychology class, walking around the corner. She decides to follow him and discovers that the path that Ron is taking leads her directly to her Psychology classroom. This best illustrates ___________ social influence.
  • 10. 
    Were there ethical problems with Milgram’s obedience studies?
    • A. 

      Yes, but ethics didn’t matter in the 1960’s.

    • B. 

      Yes, there was deception, no informed consent or the right to withdraw from the study, and psychological distress was caused.

    • C. 

      No, because ethics didn’t matter in the 1960’s.

    • D. 

      No, because they were necessary for the study to be a success.

  • 11. 
    When seeing someone in distress, we undertake a _________, with go through stages of _________________.
    • A. 

      Cost-benefit analysis; personal distress, and then evaluating with consequences of helping

    • B. 

      Prosocial approach; generosity and altruism

    • C. 

      Cost-benefit analysis; psychological arousal, labelling the arousal, and then evaluating the consequences of helping

    • D. 

      Prosocial approach; psychological arousal, personal distress, and then evaluating the consequences of helping

  • 12. 
    Diffusion of responsibility: Each bystander’s sense of responsibility to help _______ as the number of witnesses ________, since other people are around and no single bystander feels a strong personal responsibility to assist
    • A. 

      Decreases; decreases

    • B. 

      Decreases; increases

    • C. 

      Increases; decreases

    • D. 

      Increases; increases

  • 13. 
    Zimbardo (1973) found that imagined social roles can be so powerful that our personal identities change to the point that we become the role we are playing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is truest about normative social influence?
    • A. 

      When deciding whether to conform, people should ask themselves whether the other people know more about what is going on than they do

    • B. 

      People usually publicly conform and privately accept this kind of influence

    • C. 

      People can never resist it

    • D. 

      People usually publicly conform but do not privately accept this kind of influence

  • 15. 
    What best defines social power?
    • A. 

      The amount of influence that an individual can exert over another person

    • B. 

      How many followers you have on Instagram

    • C. 

      The amount of understanding that an individual has about social issues

    • D. 

      The ability to behave in certain ways in different social situations

  • 16. 
    Under which of the following conditions is Eleven least likely to be aggressive?
    • A. 

      Mike tells her she can’t eat another Eggo

    • B. 

      Dr Brenner is trying to kidnap her friends

    • C. 

      She is lying in a pool of salt water

    • D. 

      She is riding a bike and Lucas deliberately cuts in front of her

  • 17. 
    What are the three forms of conformity?
    • A. 

      Compliance

    • B. 

      Contemporary

    • C. 

      Externalisation

    • D. 

      Internalisation

    • E. 

      Identification

    • F. 

      Individualisation

    • G. 

      Realisation