No. 16 Sea_vs_eia

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Environment Quizzes & Trivia

SEA-Strategic Environmental Assesment vs. EIA-Environmental Impact Assesment


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Difference of SEA to EIA in Level of influence or decision making indicator?
    • A. 

      SEA is a policy/Plan/programme while EIA is a project

    • B. 

      SEA is a project while EIA is a policy/Plan/programme

    • C. 

      SEA is an assesment while EIA is a tool for assesment

    • D. 

      SEA is ocean & EIA is river

  • 2. 
    If SEA in scale of impacts indicator is a "macroscopic,unclear,cumulative." What is EIA?
    • A. 

      Microscopic,Localized

    • B. 

      Microscopic,clear,uncumulative

    • C. 

      Microscopic,rationalized

    • D. 

      Microscopic,internationalized

  • 3. 
    Difference of SEA and EIA in Approach indicator?
    • A. 

      SEA is PROACTIVE,EIA is REACTIVE PROCESS

    • B. 

      SEA is REACTIVE PROCESS, EIA is PROACTIVE PROCESS>

    • C. 

      SEA is INVISIBLE,EIA is VISIBLE PROCESS

    • D. 

      SEA is INCLUSIVE,EIA is PARTICIPATORY

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      SEA is general,EIA is detailed

    • B. 

      SEA is detailed,EIA is general

    • C. 

      Same

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    Difference of SEA to EIA in timescale indicator.
    • A. 

      SEA is 5-20 yrs , EIA is 1-5 yrs

    • B. 

      SEA is 1-5 yrs,EIA is 5-20 yrs.

    • C. 

      None of the choices

    • D. 

      Both are 10 years

  • 6. 
    Difference of SEA and EIA in certainty of information indicator
    • A. 

      SEA is uncertain,EIA is certain

    • B. 

      SEA is certain,EIA is uncertain

    • C. 

      SEA is very broad,EIA is specific

    • D. 

      SEA is general,EIA is specific

  • 7. 
    SEA difference to EIA in extent of problems indicator
    • A. 

      SEA are the source of problems while EIA are the symptoms

    • B. 

      SEA are the symptoms while EIA is source of problems

    • C. 

      SEA is very general EIA is very specific

    • D. 

      None of the choices

  • 8. 
    SEA difference to EIA in Alternative indicator
    • A. 

      SEA is area wide,poltical,regulative,technological,fiscal & economic while EIA is specific locations,design,construction & operation

    • B. 

      SEA is locations,design,construction & operation,EIA is area wide,poltical,regulative,technological,fiscal & economic

    • C. 

      None of the choices

    • D. 

      SEA is optional,EIA is not optional

  • 9. 
    SEA difference to EIA in Assessment benchmarks indicator
    • A. 

      SEA is in sustainability criteria and objectives while EIA is in Legal restrictions and best practice

    • B. 

      SEA is in Legal restrictions and best practice while EIA is in sustainability criteria and objective

    • C. 

      None of the choices

    • D. 

      SEA is dagat,EIA is river

  • 10. 
    Difference of SEA to EIA in public participation indicator
    • A. 

      SEA is in large area and for longer time while EIA is in smaller Area and short time

    • B. 

      SEA is in smaller Area and short time while EIA is in large area and for longer time

    • C. 

      SEA is inclusive and EIA is participatory

    • D. 

      SEA is politically motivated while EIA technocratic

  • 11. 
    SEA difference to EIA in role of practitioner indicator
    • A. 

      SEA is a mediator for negotiators while EIA is an advocator of values and norms,technician using stakeholder values

    • B. 

      SEA is a advocator of values and norms,technician using stakeholder while EIA is a mediator for negotiators

    • C. 

      None of the choices

    • D. 

      All of the choices

  • 12. 
    PD 1586  states that this agency or his designated representative is hereby authorized to name the lead agencies referred to in Section 4 of Presidential Decree No. 1151 which shall have jurisdiction to undertake the preparation of the necessary environmental impact statements on declared environmentally critical projects and areas.
    • A. 

      The Minister of Human Settlements

    • B. 

      DENR

    • C. 

      DAR

    • D. 

      DA

  • 13. 
    Document, prepared and submitted by the project proponent and/or EIA Consultant that serves as an application for an ECC. It is a comprehensive study of the significant impacts of a project on the environment. It includes an Environmental Management Plan/Program that the proponent will fund and implement to protect the environment.
    • A. 

      Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)

    • B. 

      Environmental Management Plan(EMP)

    • C. 

      Environmental Management Systems

    • D. 

      Ecological Profile

  • 14. 
     - documentation of the actual cumulative environmental impacts and effectiveness of current measures for single projects that are already operating but without ECC's, i.e., Category A-3. For Category B-3 projects, a checklist form of the EPRMP would suffice.
    • A. 

      Environmental Performance Report and Management Plan (EPRMP)

    • B. 

      Environmental Management Systems (EMS

    • C. 

      Environmental Management Plan/Program (EMP)

    • D. 

      Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)

  • 15. 
    Law that
    • Required an Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) for environmentally critical projects (ECPs) or projects located on environmental critical areas (ECAs)
    ECC require preparation of Project Documents or PD for ECAs and Environmental Impact Statement of EIS for ECPs
    • A. 

      PD 1586

    • B. 

      RA 1586

    • C. 

      PD 1658

    • D. 

      RA 1658

  • 16. 
    PD 1586 – Environmental Impact Statement - Contents  except 
    • A. 

      A determination that the short-term uses of the resources of the government are consistent with the maintenance and enhancement of the long-term productivity of the same.

    • B. 

      The mitigating measures to minimize adverse environmental effects.

    • C. 

      Alternatives to the proposed action.

    • D. 

      Whenever a proposal involves the use of depletable or non renewable resources, a study must be indicated that such use and commitment are warranted.

    • E. 

      The environmental impact of the proposed action, project or undertaking including any adverse environmental effect which cannot be avoided should the proposal be implemented

    • F. 

      All of the choices

  • 17. 
    ECP under Heavy industries except one
    • A. 

      Major mining and quarrying projects

    • B. 

      Non-ferrous metal industries

    • C. 

      Iron and Steel Mills

    • D. 

      Petroleum and petro-chemical industries including oil and gas Smelting Plants

  • 18. 
    PROCLAMATION 2146 ECP resource extractive industries falls on the following 3 major categories:
    • A. 

      All of the choices

    • B. 

      Major mining and quarrying projects

    • C. 

      Forestry Projects

    • D. 

      Fishery Projects

  • 19. 
    Procalmation 2146 has 3 Main industries which fall on ECP
    • A. 

      Heavy, Infrastructure & Resource extractive industries

    • B. 

      Major mining and quarrying ,loggingprojects

    • C. 

      Forestry,agriculture,civil Projects

    • D. 

      Fishery,aquatic,foreshore Projects

  • 20. 
    • Proclamation 2146 ECP Infrastructure Projects
    • A. 

      All of the choices

    • B. 

      Major dams

    • C. 

      Major power plants (fossil-fueled, nuclear fueled, hyrdoelectric or geothermal)

    • D. 

      Major reclamation projects

    • E. 

      Major roads and bridges

  • 21. 
    Legal mandate that specify environmental critical projects
    • A. 

      Proclamation 2146

    • B. 

      PD 2146

    • C. 

      RA 2146

    • D. 

      PD 1586

    • E. 

      RA 1586

  • 22. 
    President Fidel Ramos  issued in 1996 that added golf course to the list of environmentally critical projects
    • A. 

      Proclamation 803

    • B. 

      Proclamation 2146

    • C. 

      PD 1586

    • D. 

      RA 1586

  • 23. 
    Presidential Proclamation 2146 – Environmentally Constrained Areas except  
    • A. 

      All areas declared by law as national parks, watershed reserves, wildlife preserves and sanctuaries

    • B. 

      Areas set aside as aesthetic potential tourist spot

    • C. 

      Areas which constitute habitats for any endangered or threatened species of indigenous Philippine wildlife (flora and fauna)

    • D. 

      Areas of unique historic, archeological or scientific interests

    • E. 

      Areas which are traditionally occupied by cultural communities or tribes Areas frequently visited or hard hit by natural calamities ( geological hazards, floods, typhoons, volcanic activity etc

    • F. 

      Area for tourism and recreational activities

    • G. 

      Areas with critical slopes

    • H. 

      Areas classified as prime agricultural lands

  • 24. 
    Presidential Proclamation 2146 – Environmentally Constrained Areas for Mangroves areas criteria except
    • A. 

      All of the choices

    • B. 

      With primary pristine and dense young growth

    • C. 

      Adjoining mouth of major river systems

    • D. 

      Near or adjacent to traditional productive fry or fishing grounds

    • E. 

      Which acts as natural buffers against shore erosion, strong winds, and storm floods

    • F. 

      On which people depends for livelihood

  • 25. 
    PP 2146 ECA criteria for Coral reef except
    • A. 

      None of the choices

    • B. 

      With 50 % and above live coralline cover

    • C. 

      Spawning and nursery grounds for fish

    • D. 

      Which acts as natural breakwater of coastlines

  • 26. 
    PP 2146 ECA for waterbodies characterized by the following except
    • A. 

      Both A & B

    • B. 

      A.Tapped for domestic purposes

    • C. 

      B.Within the controlled and/or protected areas declared by appropriate authorities Which supports wildlife and fishery activities

    • D. 

      None of the choices

  • 27. 
    • Issued on November 2, 2002,Sec 2 A reiterated the planning nature of the EIS process requiring the EIA studies to be carried simultaneous with the feasibility study.The ECC covers contractual agreement between the project proponent and the government agency
    • A. 

      AO 42

    • B. 

      PP 1246

    • C. 

      PD 1586

    • D. 

      AO 43

  • 28. 
    AO 42-The endorsing official, approving authority and processing timeframes for ECC applications for single type of ECP project
    • A. 

      DENR Secretary/EMB Director

    • B. 

      EMB Director/Regional Director

    • C. 

      DAR director

    • D. 

      DA director

  • 29. 
    AO 42-Approving authourity for Non Environmentally Critical Project located in Critical areas & Projects Not Covered by the EIS System
    • A. 

      EMB Director/Regional Director

    • B. 

      DENR Secretary/EMB Director

    • C. 

      MENRO

    • D. 

      CENRO

  • 30. 
    PD 1586 PEISS ECA(Environmentally Critical Areas) except 
    • A. 

      All of the choices

    • B. 

      NIPAS

    • C. 

      Aesthetic potential tourist spots

    • D. 

      Habitat for any endangered or threatened species

    • E. 

      Historic, archaeological, or scientific interests

    • F. 

      Occupied by cultural communities or tribes

    • G. 

      Frequently visited and/or hard-hit by natural calamities

    • H. 

      Critical slopes areas

    • I. 

      Prime agricultural lands

    • J. 

      Recharged areas of aquifers

    • K. 

      Water bodies

    • L. 

      Mangrove areas

    • M. 

      Coral reefs

  • 31. 
    Delineated as environmentally sensitive such that significant environmental impacts are expected if certain types of proposed projects or programs are located, developed or implemented in it
    • A. 

      Environmentally Critical Areas

    • B. 

      Environmentally Critical Projects

    • C. 

      Environmentally Critical zone

    • D. 

      Environmentally critical site

  • 32. 
    AO 42 -For environmentally critical single projects the maximum processing period is
    • A. 

      120 working days

    • B. 

      60 days

    • C. 

      15 working days

    • D. 

      30 workings days

  • 33. 
    AO 42- processing for Non Environmentally Critical Project located in Critical areas
    • A. 

      60 working days

    • B. 

      120 working days

    • C. 

      15 working days

    • D. 

      30 working days

  • 34. 
    The IRR of PD 1586 PEISS
    • A. 

      DAO 2003-30 DAO 2003-30

    • B. 

      AO 42

    • C. 

      PD 2146

    • D. 

      AO 43

  • 35. 
     - documentation of comprehensive studies on environmental baseline conditions of a contiguous area.  It also includes an assessment of the carrying capacity of the area to absorb impacts from co-located projects such as those in industrial estates or economic zones (ecozones
    • A. 

      Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS)

    • B. 

      Philippine Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS)

    • C. 

      Programmatic Environmental Performance Report and Management Plan (PEPRMP

    • D. 

      None of the choices

  • 36. 
    Document, which may also be a chapter in an EIS, that  describes the nature, configuration, use of raw materials and natural resources, production system, waste or pollution generation and control and the activities of a proposed project.  It includes a description of the use of human resources as well as activity timelines, during the pre-construction, construction, operation and abandonment phases.  It is to be used for reviewing co-located and single projects under Category C, as well as for Category D projects.
    • A. 

      Project Description

    • B. 

      Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS

    • C. 

      Project statement

    • D. 

      Project introduction

  • 37. 
     – assessment, through the use of universally accepted and scientific methods, of risks associated with a project.  It focuses on determining the probability of occurrence of accidents and their magnitude
    • A. 

      Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA)

    • B. 

      Environmental Impact Assesment(EIA)

    • C. 

      Strategic Impact Assessment(SEA)

    • D. 

      Environmental Resource Assessemtn(ERA)

  • 38. 
    Authorized to update/revise the technical guidelines including the technical definition of Environmentally Critical Projects and Environmentally Critical Areas considering industrial and technological innovations
    • A. 

      EMB

    • B. 

      DENR secretary

    • C. 

      LMB

    • D. 

      DAR

  • 39. 
    National policies that ave this main purpose in the title(a) to achieve and maintain such levels of air quality as to protect public health; and(b) to prevent to the greatest extent practicable, injury and/or damage to plant and animal life and property, and promote the social and economic development of the country.
    • A. 

      PD 1152 -PHIL ENVIRONMENTAL CODE

    • B. 

      PD 1151-PHILIPPINE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

    • C. 

      RA 8749-The Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999

    • D. 

      PD 1586-PHIL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT SYSTEM

  • 40. 
    What Law 1st established the Environmental Impact Statement System  that all agencies and instrumentalities of the national government, including government-owned or controlled corporations, as well as private corporations, firms and entities, for every proposed project and undertaking which significantly affect the quality of the environment as reiterated to mention in PD 1586
    • A. 

      PD 1151

    • B. 

      PD 1586

    • C. 

      PD 1152

    • D. 

      RA 7586

  • 41. 
    REORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES, RENAMING IT AS THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
    • A. 

      EO 192

    • B. 

      EO 292

    • C. 

      AO 42

    • D. 

      EO 291

  • 42. 
    The review of the EIS by EMB shall be guided by three general criteria as mentioned in DAO 2003-30
    • A. 

      All of the choices

    • B. 

      Environmental considerations are integrated into the overall project planning

    • C. 

      That the assessment is technically sound and proposed environmental mitigation measures are effective,

    • D. 

      Social acceptability is based on informed public participation

  • 43. 
    DAO 2003-30 categories of projects/undertakings under the EIS system:AnEnvironmentally Critical Projects (ECPs) with significant potential to cause negative environmental impacts 
    • A. 

      Category A

    • B. 

      Category B

    • C. 

      Category C

    • D. 

      Category D

  • 44. 
    DAO 2003-30 Projects that are not categorized as ECPs, but which may cause negative environmental impacts because they are located in Environmentally Critical Areas (ECA's) 
    • A. 

      Category B

    • B. 

      Category A

    • C. 

      Category C

    • D. 

      Category D

  • 45. 
     Projects intended to directly enhance environmental quality or address existing environmental problems not falling under Category A or B. 
    • A. 

      Category C.

    • B. 

      Category D

    • C. 

      Category B

    • D. 

      Category A.

  • 46. 
    DAO 2003-30 Projects  that are required submit Project Description only
    • A. 

      Category C

    • B. 

      Category A

    • C. 

      Category B

    • D. 

      Category D

  • 47. 
    Section 4 of Presidential Decree No. 1586 establishing the Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System empowers the President or his duly authorized representative to grant or deny the issuance of environmental compliance certificates (ECCs) for environmentally critical projects within environmentally critical areas;what Law devolving this powers to THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES, TO THE DIRECTOR AND REGIONAL DIRECTORS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU TO GRANT OR DENY THE ISSUANCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE CERTIFICATES
    • A. 

      AO 42

    • B. 

      EO 291

    • C. 

      PD 1151

    • D. 

      PD 1152

  • 48. 
    DAO 2013 30 -The specific criteria for determining projects or undertakings to be covered by the EIS System except
    • A. 

      Magnitude of impact

    • B. 

      Characteristics of the project or undertaking

    • C. 

      Location of the Project

    • D. 

      Nature of the potential impact

  • 49. 
    Similar to an EIS, but with reduced details of data and depth of assessment and discussion
    • A. 

      Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) Report

    • B. 

      IES

    • C. 

      EIA

    • D. 

      ERA

  • 50. 
    What is Category A & B
    • A. 

      ECP & ECA RESPECTIVELY

    • B. 

      ECA & ECP RESPECTIVELY

    • C. 

      ECC

    • D. 

      ERA

  • 51. 
    Stages of EIA except
    • A. 

      Assignment study

    • B. 

      Initial Phase

    • C. 

      Study phase

    • D. 

      Post study

    • E. 

      Granting the ECC

  • 52. 
    Considered as a Major ammendment in ECC
    • A. 

      Expansion of land/project area

    • B. 

      Typographical error

    • C. 

      Extension of deadlines for submission of post-ECC requirement/s

    • D. 

      Extension of ECC validity

    • E. 

      Change in company name/ownership

    • F. 

      Decrease in land/project area or production capacity

  • 53. 
    4 types of Monitoring of Projects with ECCs except 
    • A. 

      Project Management

    • B. 

      Multipartite Monitoring Team (MMT)

    • C. 

      Environmental Monitoring Fund

    • D. 

      Self-monitoring and Third Party Audit

    • E. 

      Environmental Guarantee Fund

    • F. 

      Abandonment

    • G. 

      Mandatory Environmental Insurance Coverage

  • 54. 
    Shall be formed immediately after the issuance of an ECC for projects under Category A in monitoring the project
    • A. 

      Multi-partite monitoring team (MMT)

    • B. 

      EMF-Environmental Guarantee Fund

    • C. 

      Self Monitoring Party Audit

    • D. 

      Abandonment