Geologic Quiz

72 Questions

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A sponge's spicules have a geologic range from ________ to Recent.
  • 2. 
    Arthropods have three characteristics that define them. What are they?
    • A. 

      Jointed legs

    • B. 

      Compound eyes

    • C. 

      Calyx

    • D. 

      Aristotle's Lantern

    • E. 

      Glabella

    • F. 

      Chitinous exoskeletons

  • 3. 
    Blastoidea is a good index fossil for what period?
    • A. 

      Mississippian

    • B. 

      Ordovician

    • C. 

      Permian

  • 4. 
    Blastoidea's geologic range is Ordovician to ______.
  • 5. 
    Crinoids have a mode of life referred to as _______.
  • 6. 
    Cycads were common in this era, where they were also eaten by many dinosaurs.
  • 7. 
    Cystoidea's geologic range is Ordovician to ______.
  • 8. 
    Diatoms have a geologic range of ______ to Recent.
  • 9. 
    Diatoms have a test, or shell, made up of what composition?
  • 10. 
    During what period do you find the first terrestrial plant?
  • 11. 
    Echinoderms like starfish typically have 5 ambulacral arms, out of which extend podia, and the areas inbetween are called ______.
    • A. 

      Armpit area

    • B. 

      Interambulacral area

    • C. 

      Eyespot area

  • 12. 
    Eurypterus belongs to what class of Arthropods?
    • A. 

      Ostracoda

    • B. 

      Merostomata

    • C. 

      Trilobita

    • D. 

      Regularia

  • 13. 
    Foraminifera's geologic range is _____ to Recent.
  • 14. 
    Foraminifera's tests are made of what composition?
  • 15. 
    In creatures like starfish, what is the water entry point called?
    • A. 

      Detritus

    • B. 

      Ossicles

    • C. 

      Madreporite

  • 16. 
    Microscopic, tooth-like structures composed of apatite (calcium phosphate), similar to bone composition. Small enough to pass through a needle’s eye, they’ve been known to science for over 150 years.
  • 17. 
    Most Arthropods call their tail region the abdomen, but Trilobites have a special name. What is it?
    • A. 

      Pygidium

    • B. 

      Glabella

    • C. 

      Telson

    • D. 

      Glabella

  • 18. 
    Ostrocods belong to what phylum?
  • 19. 
    Radiolarians have a geologic range of ______ to Recent.
  • 20. 
    Radiolarians have tests, or shells, of what composition?
  • 21. 
    Selaginella, member of Phylum _________, created the seed habit.
  • 22. 
    Sponges, and their spicules, belong to what phylum?
  • 23. 
    The age of angiosperms.
  • 24. 
    The ancestor of all terrestrial plants, from which the waxy cuticle and and vascular system evolved.
  • 25. 
    The calyx, such as those on crinoids, is the _____ in laymen's terms.
  • 26. 
    The class Crinoidea's geologic range is _______ to Recent.
  • 27. 
    The class of which barnacles fall under is _______.
    • A. 

      Ostracoda

    • B. 

      Merostomata

    • C. 

      Cirripedia

    • D. 

      Arthropoda

  • 28. 
    The first flower came about when?
  • 29. 
    The geologic range of all insects is _______ to Recent.
  • 30. 
    The geologic range of conodonts is Cambrian to ______.
  • 31. 
    The geologic range of the phylum Echinodermata is ______ to Recent.
  • 32. 
    The geologic range of Trilobites is Cambrian to ______.
  • 33. 
    The horsetails and ferns flourished during what era?
  • 34. 
    The mode of life for Echinoids are ______.
  • 35. 
    These features in Trilobites allow them to molt periodically.
    • A. 

      Glabella

    • B. 

      Axial lobes

    • C. 

      Facial sutures

    • D. 

      Pygidium

  • 36. 
    These horsetails belong to what phylum?
  • 37. 
    These plants were food for dinosaurs, and belong to what phylum?
  • 38. 
    This is an Echinoidea. What class is it?
  • 39. 
    This is called the era of primitive vascular plants.
  • 40. 
    This is the phylum of flowering plants.
  • 41. 
    This is the study of fossilized plant pollen and spores.
    • A. 

      Paleobotany

    • B. 

      Palynology

    • C. 

      Micropaleontology

    • D. 

      Paleontology

  • 42. 
    This phylum would bring about the first flowers of the Jurassic.
  • 43. 
    This pinecone belongs to what phylum?
  • 44. 
    Trilobites have three different lobes, going laterally from two _____ lobes, and a central axial lobe.
    • A. 

      Glabella

    • B. 

      Pleural/lateral

    • C. 

      Plural

    • D. 

      Facial

  • 45. 
    What are these freaking things?
  • 46. 
    What are these siliceous microfossils?
  • 47. 
    What are these tiny arthropods?
  • 48. 
    What class do spiders fall under?
    • A. 

      Arachidna

    • B. 

      Echinodermata

    • C. 

      Chelicerata

  • 49. 
    What class does this animal belong to? 
    • A. 

      Ostracoda

    • B. 

      Merostomata

    • C. 

      Cirripedia

    • D. 

      Malacostraca

  • 50. 
    What class does this brittle star belong to?
    • A. 

      Ophiruidea

    • B. 

      Asteroidea

    • C. 

      Regularia

    • D. 

      Crinoidea

  • 51. 
    What class of Crinoid is this?
  • 52. 
    What class of sea lily survived the destruction of habitats during the formation of Pangea?
  • 53. 
    What is the Aristotle's Lantern?
  • 54. 
    What is the hump located on Trilobites and used for baby making called?
  • 55. 
    What is the importance of Eurypterus?
    • A. 

      They're really fucking huge

    • B. 

      First aquatic animal in the sea

    • C. 

      First terrestrial animal on land

    • D. 

      Fearsome predators of their time

  • 56. 
    What is the life habit of Trilobites?
    • A. 

      Marine

    • B. 

      Freshwater

    • C. 

      Nektonic

    • D. 

      Sessile benthic

    • E. 

      Vagrant benthic

  • 57. 
    What is the name of one of the earliest land plants?
  • 58. 
    What is the name of the class Trilobites belong to?
  • 59. 
    What is the oldest fossil, clocking in at 3.6 to 3.7 BYA?
    • A. 

      Eurypterus

    • B. 

      Stromatolites

    • C. 

      Archaeopteryx

  • 60. 
    What is the subphylum of insects?
    • A. 

      Crustacea

    • B. 

      Chelicerata

    • C. 

      Arthropoda

    • D. 

      Uniramia

  • 61. 
    What is the symmetry of class irregularia?
  • 62. 
    What is the symmetry of class regularia and most other echinoiderms?
  • 63. 
    What is the tail region in Eurypterus and other sea scorpians called?
  • 64. 
    What is this tiny protista?
  • 65. 
    What part of sea cucumbers fossilize?
  • 66. 
    What phylum do Diatoms, of the Kingdom Protista, fall under?
    • A. 

      Radiolaria

    • B. 

      Bacillariophyta

    • C. 

      Ostracoda

  • 67. 
    What the first group to evolve flight?
  • 68. 
    What the frick-frack-a-mackin' are these?
  • 69. 
    What zone can barnacles be found in?
  • 70. 
    Who was the 4th group to obtain flight in evolution?
  • 71. 
    Who was the second group to developed flight?
  • 72. 
    Class Dicotyledones typically have 2 cotyledones per seed, and petals in whorls of __.