EMT Test 1

67 Questions

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EMT Quizzes & Trivia

Palomar Ortiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is FALSE of the musculoskeletal system
    • A. 

      Immunity

    • B. 

      Protects vital organs

    • C. 

      Movement

  • 2. 
    The upper airway consists of all BUT
    • A. 

      Trachea

    • B. 

      Pharynx

    • C. 

      Larynx

    • D. 

      Oropharynx

  • 3. 
    What do carotid arteries do
    • A. 

      Supply blood to the brain

    • B. 

      Supply blood to the legs

    • C. 

      Major artery of the arm

    • D. 

      Supplies blood to the lungs

  • 4. 
    What do arterioles do
    • A. 

      Carry blood to capillaries

    • B. 

      Carry blood to vital organs

    • C. 

      Carry deoxygenated blood to capillaries

    • D. 

      Carry blood to the lungs

  • 5. 
    What is the smallest branch of the veins
    • A. 

      Venules

    • B. 

      Arterioles

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Vena cava

  • 6. 
    What part of the brain controls sensation, thought, associative memory and motor function
    • A. 

      Cerebrum

    • B. 

      Cerebellum

    • C. 

      Medulla oblongata

    • D. 

      Frontal lobe

  • 7. 
    What part of the brain controls respiratory, cardiac and vasomotor centers
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Cerebellum

    • C. 

      Cerebrum

    • D. 

      Pons

  • 8. 
    Which nervous system consists of parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves
    • A. 

      Peripheral

    • B. 

      Central

  • 9. 
    Which is NOT a part of the integumentary system
    • A. 

      Urination

    • B. 

      Protecting the body

    • C. 

      Regulate temp

    • D. 

      Regulate water and electrolytes

  • 10. 
    The three layers of the skin are all BUT
    • A. 

      Epidermis

    • B. 

      Dermis

    • C. 

      Subcutaneous

    • D. 

      Endothelial

  • 11. 
    Which layer of the skin is home for blood, hair follicles, sweat glands, and sensory nerves
    • A. 

      Dermis

    • B. 

      Epidermis

    • C. 

      Subcutaneous

  • 12. 
    Which of these organs is NOT solid
    • A. 

      Gall bladder

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Spleen

  • 13. 
    The small intestine is made up of all the following except
    • A. 

      Gallbladder

    • B. 

      Duodenum

    • C. 

      Jejunum

    • D. 

      Ileum

  • 14. 
    Which of these means fast breathing
    • A. 

      Tachypnea

    • B. 

      Tachycardia

    • C. 

      Apnea

    • D. 

      Tachy

  • 15. 
    Which of these means breathing
    • A. 

      Pnea

    • B. 

      Brady

    • C. 

      Hepato

    • D. 

      Tachy

  • 16. 
    The press that pushes water out of blood is
    • A. 

      Hydrostatic pressue

    • B. 

      Oncotic pressue

    • C. 

      Cardiac output

    • D. 

      Blood volume

  • 17. 
    The respiratory rate for toddlers is
    • A. 

      20-30

    • B. 

      12-20

    • C. 

      16-20

    • D. 

      30-40

  • 18. 
    The heart rate for infants a year old is
    • A. 

      100-120

    • B. 

      140-160

    • C. 

      70-110

    • D. 

      55-105

  • 19. 
    The blood pressure for preschoolers are
    • A. 

      80-110 systolic

    • B. 

      120/80 systolic

    • C. 

      90 systolic

    • D. 

      70-90 systolic

  • 20. 
    What is the average vital signs for a early/middle aged adult
    • A. 

      RR: 16-20, HR: 70, BP: 120/80

    • B. 

      RR: 20-30, HR: 80-130, BP: 120/80

    • C. 

      RR:40-60, HR: 140-160, BP: 70

    • D. 

      RR: 20-30, HR: 55-105, BP: 100-120

  • 21. 
    The right upper quadrant consists of all the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Appendix

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Colon

    • D. 

      Kidney

  • 22. 
    The left upper quadrant consists of all the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Gallbladder

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 23. 
    The right lower quadrant consists of all the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Colon

    • C. 

      Ureter

    • D. 

      Appendix

  • 24. 
    The left lower quadrant of the abdomen consists of all the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Colon

    • C. 

      Small intestines

    • D. 

      Ureter

  • 25. 
    The midline area consists of all the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Small intestine

    • D. 

      Bladder

  • 26. 
    What does the pancreas do?
    • A. 

      Produces insulin

    • B. 

      Bile storage

    • C. 

      Regulates glycogen storage

    • D. 

      Helps with detoxification

  • 27. 
    Which connect arterioles to venules
    • A. 

      Capillaries

    • B. 

      Arteries

    • C. 

      Veins

    • D. 

      Heart

  • 28. 
    Where is the stomach located?
    • A. 

      RUQ

    • B. 

      LUQ

    • C. 

      LLQ

    • D. 

      RLQ

  • 29. 
    Perfusion is when there is
    • A. 

      Effective delivery of o2 and nutrients to cells and organs

    • B. 

      When nutrients and waste are transported

    • C. 

      Defends against infection

    • D. 

      The brain and body are functioning properly together

  • 30. 
    Which is not a major artery
    • A. 

      Pubic

    • B. 

      Carotid

    • C. 

      Femoral

    • D. 

      Coronary

  • 31. 
    What is an example of a saddle joint
    • A. 

      Ankle

    • B. 

      Wrist

    • C. 

      Elbow

    • D. 

      Shoulder

  • 32. 
    What is an example of a condyloid joint
    • A. 

      Wrist

    • B. 

      Ankle

    • C. 

      Elbow

    • D. 

      Shoulder

  • 33. 
    Which is an example of a hinged joint
    • A. 

      Elbow

    • B. 

      Hip

    • C. 

      Neck

    • D. 

      Wrist

  • 34. 
    How many true ribs are there
    • A. 

      12

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      6

    • D. 

      7

  • 35. 
    What does dorsal mean
    • A. 

      Towards the back or spine

    • B. 

      Towards the front or abdomen

    • C. 

      Towards the midline

    • D. 

      Left or right of midline

  • 36. 
    What does ventral mean
    • A. 

      Towards the back or spine

    • B. 

      Towards the front or abdomen

    • C. 

      Towards the midline

    • D. 

      Left or right of midline

  • 37. 
    What is the shock position
    • A. 

      Lying on back with legs elevated 12 inches

    • B. 

      Laying on back with less elevated higher than head

    • C. 

      Laying on one side

    • D. 

      Lying flat on back

  • 38. 
    What disease spreads primary thru a pathogen
    • A. 

      Infectious

    • B. 

      Communicable

    • C. 

      Pathogenesis

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 39. 
    Which diseases spread from person to person
    • A. 

      Communicable

    • B. 

      Infectious

    • C. 

      Pathological

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 40. 
    What is a helminths
    • A. 

      Parasitic worm

    • B. 

      Organism found in soil

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Single celled organism that invades host

  • 41. 
    What is protozoa
    • A. 

      Single celled organism found in soil i.e. malaria

    • B. 

      Parasitic worms leading to blood loss

    • C. 

      Plantlike organism that cause abnormalities

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 42. 
    What percentage of hep c infections become chronic
    • A. 

      85%

    • B. 

      5%

    • C. 

      100%

    • D. 

      95%

  • 43. 
    What is the most common way to contract hep B
    • A. 

      Needles

    • B. 

      Touch

    • C. 

      Air

    • D. 

      Fluid splashing

  • 44. 
    Which protection is NOT needed for suspected SARS
    • A. 

      Gowns

    • B. 

      Surgical mask

    • C. 

      Gloves

    • D. 

      Eye protection

  • 45. 
    AIDS infects an individual by
    • A. 

      HIV

    • B. 

      Tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Hep C

    • D. 

      Hep B

  • 46. 
    Which of these diseases infect the lungs
    • A. 

      Tuberculosis

    • B. 

      Hep C

    • C. 

      HIV

    • D. 

      WNV

  • 47. 
    At 1 yr of age the normal respiratory rate is
    • A. 

      20-30 breaths

    • B. 

      20-40 breaths

    • C. 

      12-20 breaths

    • D. 

      30-40 breaths

  • 48. 
    The normal HR range for a child 3 to 5 years of age is
    • A. 

      80 to 120

    • B. 

      100 to 120

    • C. 

      60 to 90

    • D. 

      70 to 110

  • 49. 
    What age is considered late adulthood
    • A. 

      61

    • B. 

      65

    • C. 

      50

    • D. 

      70

  • 50. 
    In what developmental phase of life do cardiac problems become a concern
    • A. 

      Middle adulthood

    • B. 

      Early adulthood

    • C. 

      Late adulthood

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 51. 
    What are the normal vital signs for an 8 year old male
    • A. 

      RR: 20-30, HR: 70-110, BP:80-120

    • B. 

      RR: 40-60, HR:140-160, BP:70

    • C. 

      RR:16-20, HR:70, BP:120/80

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 52. 
    A infants head accounts for....% of their total body weight
    • A. 

      25

    • B. 

      50

    • C. 

      15

    • D. 

      20

  • 53. 
    The posterior fontanelle of an infant will fuse at.... months of age
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      9

    • C. 

      18

    • D. 

      20

  • 54. 
    Until 4 weeks of life infants breath thru their
    • A. 

      Nose

    • B. 

      Mouth

    • C. 

      Diaphragm

    • D. 

      Accessory muscles

  • 55. 
    School aged children are ages
    • A. 

      6 to 12

    • B. 

      1 to 3

    • C. 

      12 to 18

    • D. 

      3 to 6

  • 56. 
    Girls usually begin puberty around age
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      12

    • C. 

      15

    • D. 

      13

  • 57. 
    What is NOT a part of the respiratory system that will change during late adulthood
    • A. 

      Trachea

    • B. 

      Mouth

    • C. 

      Nose

    • D. 

      Lungs

  • 58. 
    Infants have instantaneous and involuntary movements
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 59. 
    Antisocial behavior peeks around what age
    • A. 

      5th or 6th grade

    • B. 

      3rd or 4th grade

    • C. 

      8th or 9th grade

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 60. 
    What is the maximum lifespan for a human being
    • A. 

      120

    • B. 

      100

    • C. 

      75

    • D. 

      95

  • 61. 
    The upper airway consists of all the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Trachea

    • B. 

      Cricoid cartilage

    • C. 

      Nasopharynx

    • D. 

      Oropharynx

  • 62. 
    What is NOT considered a pathogen
    • A. 

      Microbes

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Virus

    • D. 

      Protozoa

  • 63. 
    What percentage of hep C patients become chronic carriers
    • A. 

      85%

    • B. 

      90%

    • C. 

      80%

    • D. 

      5%

  • 64. 
    CISD are normally held within.... hours after incident 
    • A. 

      24 to 72

    • B. 

      1 to 4

    • C. 

      32

    • D. 

      Any of the above

  • 65. 
    Which hepatitis has no vaccination
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      All have vaccinations

  • 66. 
    Which infectious disease leads to pneumonia
    • A. 

      SARS

    • B. 

      Hep C

    • C. 

      Tuberculosis

    • D. 

      HIV

  • 67. 
    A 53 year old male with a possible closed ankle fracture tells you that he has Hep C. what type of personal protective equipment should you use
    • A. 

      Gloves

    • B. 

      Two pairs of gloves

    • C. 

      Gloves and a mask

    • D. 

      Refrain from touching him