ISTQB Chap 1

40 Questions

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ISTQB Chap 1

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is true of a Quality system? 
    • A. 

      It is secure

    • B. 

      It meets specified requirements, customer needs

    • C. 

      it costs more than other systems with the same feature

    • D. 

      It was delivered on time and budget.

  • 2. 
    which of the following is a major task of test planning? ​
    • A. 

      Determining test approach

    • B. 

      Evaluating entry criteria

    • C. 

      Preparing test specifications

    • D. 

      Measuring and analyzing results.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following activities would NORMALLY be undertaken during test planning?a. Scheduling test analysis and design. b. Designing Test Conditions. c. Monitoring test progress. d. Identifying the objectives of testing. e. Evaluating test tools. f. Selecting test metrics for monitoring and control. 
    • A. 

      B, c and d

    • B. 

      A, d and f

    • C. 

      A, d and e

    • D. 

      B, c and f

  • 4. 
    A deviation from the specified or expected behaviour that is visible to end-users is called:
    • A. 

      An error

    • B. 

      A fault

    • C. 

      A failure

    • D. 

      A defect

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not a phase of the Fundamental Test Process? ​
    • A. 

      Test Planning and Control

    • B. 

      Test implementation and Execution

    • C. 

      Requirement Analysis

    • D. 

      Evaluating Exit criteria and reporting

  • 6. 
    Evaluating testability of the requirements and system are a part of which phase:-
    • A. 

      Test Analysis and Design

    • B. 

      Test Planning and control

    • C. 

      Test Implementation and execution

    • D. 

      Evaluating exit criteria and reporting

  • 7. 
    Which of the following could be a reason for a failure 1) Testing fault 2) Software fault 3) Design fault 4) Environment Fault 5) Documentation Fault 
    • A. 

      2 is a valid reason; 1,3,4 & 5 are not

    • B. 

      1,2,3,4 are valid reasons; 5 is not

    • C. 

      1,2,3 are valid reasons; 4 & 5 are not

    • D. 

      All of them are valid reasons for failure.

  • 8. 
    Hand over of Testware is a part of which Phase
    • A. 

      Test Analysis and Design

    • B. 

      Test Planning and control

    • C. 

      Test Closure Activities

    • D. 

      Evaluating exit criteria and reporting

  • 9. 
    What is Test case and test Authoring
  • 10. 
    Test Case grouped into Manageable (and scheduled) units are called as
    • A. 

      Test Harness

    • B. 

      Test Suite

    • C. 

      Test Cycle

    • D. 

      Test Driver

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements describes a key principle of software testing?
    • A. 

      Automated tests allow better statements of confidence about the quality of software products

    • B. 

      For a software system, it is normally impossible to test all the input and output combinations.

    • C. 

      Exhaustive software testing is, with enough effort and tool support, feasible for all software.

    • D. 

      The purpose of software testing is demonstrating the absence of defects in software products.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a KEY test closure task?
    • A. 

      Ensuring proper environment setup

    • B. 

      Writing a test summary report

    • C. 

      Assessing the need for additional tests

    • D. 

      Finalizing and archiving testware.

  • 13. 
    Which defects are OFTEN much cheaper to remove?
    • A. 

      Usability defects found by customers

    • B. 

      Defects in infrequently used functionality

    • C. 

      Defects that were detected early

    • D. 

      Minor defects that were found by users

  • 14. 
    Which activity in the fundamental test process creates test suites for efficient test execution?
    • A. 

      Implementation and execution.

    • B. 

      Planning and control.

    • C. 

      Analysis and design

    • D. 

      Test closure.

  • 15. 
    Which of the problems below BEST characterize a result of software failure?
    • A. 

      Damaged reputation

    • B. 

      Lack of methodology

    • C. 

      Inadequate training

    • D. 

      Regulatory compliance

  • 16. 
    What principle is BEST described when test designs are written by a third party?
    • A. 

      Exploratory testing

    • B. 

      Independent testing

    • C. 

      Integration testing

    • D. 

      Interoperability testing

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is a KEY task of a tester?
    • A. 

      Reviewing tests developed by others

    • B. 

      Writing a test strategy for the project

    • C. 

      Deciding what should be automated

    • D. 

      Writing test summary reports

  • 18. 
    Write about principles of testing  
  • 19. 
    What consists of a set of input values, execution pre conditions and expected results?
    • A. 

      Test script

    • B. 

      Test procedure specification

    • C. 

      Test case

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 20. 
    The ___________ testing will be performed by the people at clients own locations 
  • 21. 
    The purpose of exit criteria is 
    • A. 

      Define when to stop testing

    • B. 

      End of test level

    • C. 

      When a set of tests has achieved a specific pre condition

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    What is Test Scenario and differentiate Test case and Test scenario 
  • 23. 
    Which of the following is not a part of the Test Implementation and Execution Phase
    • A. 

      Creating test suites from the test cases

    • B. 

      Executing test cases either manually or by using test execution tools

    • C. 

      Comparing actual results

    • D. 

      Designing the Tests

  • 24. 
    Exhaustive Testing is
    • A. 

      Is impractical but possible

    • B. 

      Is practically possible

    • C. 

      Is impractical and impossible

    • D. 

      Is always possible

  • 25. 
    IEEE standard for software test documentation is
    • A. 

      IEEE 829

    • B. 

      IEEE 827

    • C. 

      IEEE 828

    • D. 

      IEEE 8295

  • 26. 
    What is Integration testing regression testing 
  • 27. 
    Which of the following is a general testing principle?
    • A. 

      Exploratory testing

    • B. 

      Confirmation testing

    • C. 

      Defect masking or Defect clustering

    • D. 

      Defect masking

  • 28. 
    Defects occur not because of
    • A. 

      Complexity of Infrastructure

    • B. 

      Execution of software by changing hardware condition

    • C. 

      System interactions

    • D. 

      Changed technologies

  • 29. 
    Deciding how much testing is enough depends on
    • A. 

      Business and project risks

    • B. 

      Business and technical risks

    • C. 

      Technical and product risks

    • D. 

      Business, technical and product risks

  • 30. 
    What is Automation testing and Manual testing 
  • 31. 
    Explain code of ethics of Client and employer 
  • 32. 
    Test cases are designed during
    • A. 

      test recording.

    • B. 

      Test planning.

    • C. 

      Test configuration.

    • D. 

      Test specification.

  • 33. 
    Alpha testing is:
    • A. 

      Post-release testing by end user representatives at the developer’s site.

    • B. 

      The first testing that is performed.

    • C. 

      Pre-release testing by end user representatives at the developer’s site.

    • D. 

      Pre-release testing by end user representatives at their sites.

  • 34. 
    An important benefit of code inspections is that they:
    • A. 

      Enable the code to be tested before the execution environment is ready

    • B. 

      Can be performed by the person who wrote the code.

    • C. 

      Can be performed by inexperienced staff.

    • D. 

      Are cheap to perform.

  • 35. 
    Explain BUG, defect, error, fault Failure 
  • 36. 
    Which of the following is NOT a white box technique?
    • A. 

      Statement testing

    • B. 

      Path testing

    • C. 

      Data flow testing

    • D. 

      State transition testing

  • 37. 
    Which of the following is a form of functional testing?
    • A. 

      Boundary value analysis

    • B. 

      Usability testing

    • C. 

      Performance testing

    • D. 

      Security testing

  • 38. 
    We split testing into distinct stages primarily because:
    • A. 

      Each test stage has a different purpose.

    • B. 

      It is easier to manage testing in stages.

    • C. 

      We can run different tests in different environments.

    • D. 

      The more stages we have, the better the testing.

  • 39. 
    What is  Functional Testing and Non-functional Testing
  • 40. 
    Synatx for Split, instr, Len functions. Explain with examples