Ss017 Finals

56 Questions

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Society Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A system by which a society rankscategories of people in a hierarchy
  • 2. 
    Social stratification based on ascription, or birth
  • 3. 
    Social stratification based on both birth andindividual achievement
  • 4. 
    Based on personal merit
  • 5. 
    The degree ofuniformity in a person's social standingacross various dimensions of socialinequality.
  • 6. 
    Cultural beliefs that justify particular socialarrangements, including patterns of inequality
  • 7. 
    Social stratification has beneficial consequencesfor the operation of a society
  • 8. 
    Composite ranking based on variousdimensions of social inequality
  • 9. 
    Viewed classes as a continuum from high tolow
  • 10. 
    Greater technological sophisticationgenerally is accompanied by morepronounced social stratification.
  • 11. 
    An egalitarian society can existonly if everyone is reduced to the lowestcommon denominator.
  • 12. 
    Class differences reflectvariation in human abilities and the relativeimportance of different jobs.
  • 13. 
    Inequality causes human suffering andconflict; social stratification springs frominjustice and greed.
  • 14. 
    A socially constructed categorycomposed of people who sharebiologically transmitted traits thatmembers of a society consider important
  • 15. 
    A shared cultural heritage
  • 16. 
    Any category of people distinguished by physical orcultural difference that a society sets apart andsubordinates
  • 17. 
    A rigid and unfairgeneralization about an entire categoryof people.
  • 18. 
    An exaggerated descriptionapplied to every person in some category
  • 19. 
    The belief that one racial category is innately superioror inferior to another
  • 20. 
    Disadvantaged people who unfairly blameminorities for their own problems
  • 21. 
    Rigid moralists who see things in “black &white”
  • 22. 
    Everyone has some prejudice because it’sembedded in culture.
  • 23. 
    Minorities might cultivate climate of raceconsciousness in order to win greater power and privileges.
  • 24. 
    Unequal treatment of various categories of people
  • 25. 
    Bias built into the operation of society’sinstitutions
  • 26. 
    A state in which people of allraces and ethnicities are distinct but haveequal social standing
  • 27. 
    The process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of thedominant culture
  • 28. 
    Biological reproduction bypartners of different racial categories
  • 29. 
    The physical and socialseparation of categories of people
  • 30. 
    The systematic killing of one category of people by another
  • 31. 
    A man canonly take one spouse at atime
  • 32. 
    Pluralmarriage
  • 33. 
    The marriage ofone man to two or more womenat the same time
  • 34. 
    The marriage ofa woman to two or more menat the same time
  • 35. 
    A form ofpolyamory in which more than twopersons form a family unit, with all themembers of the group marriage beingconsidered to be married to all theother members of the group marriage,and all members of the marriageshare parental responsibility for anychildren arising from the marriage.
  • 36. 
    Norms whichdictate that one shouldmarry within one’s clan orethnic group
  • 37. 
    Norms whichdictate that one must marryoutside one’s clan or ethnicgroup
  • 38. 
    Norm thatprescribes the widow tomarry the brother ornearest kin of thedeceased husband
  • 39. 
    Norm thatprescribes a widower tomarry the sister or nearestkin of the deceased wife
  • 40. 
    The primary orelementary family which iscomposed of a husband, wifeand children
  • 41. 
    Composed of two or morenuclear families,economically and sociallyrelated to each other
  • 42. 
    The family into which oneis born , reared orsocialized
  • 43. 
    Thefamily established throughmarriage (husband, wife ,sons, and daughters
  • 44. 
    Spouses and offsprings are moreimportant than relatives
  • 45. 
    Relatives are more importantthan relatives spouses andoffsprings
  • 46. 
    Affiliates aperson with a group ofrelatives through his orher father
  • 47. 
    Affiliates aperson with a group ofrelatives through his or hermother; property is oftenpassed from mothers todaughters and the custom ofmatrilocal residence may bepracticed.
  • 48. 
    Affiliates a personwith a group of relatives relatedboth to his and her parents
  • 49. 
    Requires that anewly married couple to livewith or near the domicile ofthe parents of the groom
  • 50. 
    Requires that anewly married couple to livewith or near the domicile ofthe parents of the bride
  • 51. 
    Gives the couplea choice of staying witheither the groom’s parentsor the bride’s
  • 52. 
    Allows the newlymarried couple to re sideindependently of the parentsof either groom or bride
  • 53. 
    Prescribesthat the newly married couplereside with or near thematernal uncle of the groom
  • 54. 
    One in which theauthority is vested on theoldest male in the family, oftenthe father
  • 55. 
    One in which theauthority is vested on themother’s kin
  • 56. 
    One in which thehusband and the wife exercisemore or less equal amount ofauthority