Ss017 Finals

56 Questions | Total Attempts: 98

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Ss017 Finals


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A system by which a society rankscategories of people in a hierarchy
  • 2. 
    Social stratification based on ascription, or birth
  • 3. 
    Social stratification based on both birth andindividual achievement
  • 4. 
    Based on personal merit
  • 5. 
    The degree ofuniformity in a person's social standingacross various dimensions of socialinequality.
  • 6. 
    Cultural beliefs that justify particular socialarrangements, including patterns of inequality
  • 7. 
    Social stratification has beneficial consequencesfor the operation of a society
  • 8. 
    Composite ranking based on variousdimensions of social inequality
  • 9. 
    Viewed classes as a continuum from high tolow
  • 10. 
    Greater technological sophisticationgenerally is accompanied by morepronounced social stratification.
  • 11. 
    An egalitarian society can existonly if everyone is reduced to the lowestcommon denominator.
  • 12. 
    Class differences reflectvariation in human abilities and the relativeimportance of different jobs.
  • 13. 
    Inequality causes human suffering andconflict; social stratification springs frominjustice and greed.
  • 14. 
    A socially constructed categorycomposed of people who sharebiologically transmitted traits thatmembers of a society consider important
  • 15. 
    A shared cultural heritage
  • 16. 
    Any category of people distinguished by physical orcultural difference that a society sets apart andsubordinates
  • 17. 
    A rigid and unfairgeneralization about an entire categoryof people.
  • 18. 
    An exaggerated descriptionapplied to every person in some category
  • 19. 
    The belief that one racial category is innately superioror inferior to another
  • 20. 
    Disadvantaged people who unfairly blameminorities for their own problems
  • 21. 
    Rigid moralists who see things in “black &white”
  • 22. 
    Everyone has some prejudice because it’sembedded in culture.
  • 23. 
    Minorities might cultivate climate of raceconsciousness in order to win greater power and privileges.
  • 24. 
    Unequal treatment of various categories of people
  • 25. 
    Bias built into the operation of society’sinstitutions