# Goni/Mmt

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 50

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• 1.
The root word gonia means
• A.

Measurement

• B.

Joint

• C.

Angle

• D.

Movement

• 2.
The root word metron means
• A.

Metric

• B.

Movement

• C.

Mathematics

• D.

Measure

• 3.
This plane divides the body into two halves and is the plane in which flexion and extension occur.
• A.

Frontal

• B.

Transverse

• C.

Sagittal

• 4.
This plane divides the body into front and back halves and is the plane in which abduction and adduction occur.
• A.

Frontal

• B.

Sagittal

• C.

Transverse

• 5.
This plane divides the body into upper and lower portions and is the plane in which rotation occurs.
• A.

Sagittal

• B.

Transverse

• C.

Frontal

• 6.
Which motion cannot be measured with a goniometer?
• A.

Glenohumeral circumduction

• B.

Talocrural dorsiflexion

• C.

• D.

Subtalar eversion

• 7.
The knee joint allows motion in the sagittal plane. Therefore, it has ______ degree(s) of freedom.
• A.

One

• B.

Two

• C.

Three

• D.

Four

• 8.
Which of the following notation systems (also known as the neutral zero method)  is the most commonly used for recording joint motion measurements?
• A.

The 0- to 0-degree notation system

• B.

The 180- to 0-degree notation system

• C.

The 0- to 180-degree notation system

• D.

The 360-degree notation system

• 9.
Which of the following is false about passive range of motion (PROM)?
• A.

There is generally more passive than active ROM available at a given joint.

• B.

A patient with muscle paralysis may have no active ROM, but full passive ROM.

• C.

Passive ROM is dependent on the patient's coordination and muscle strength.

• D.

Passive, rather than active, ROM should be tested in goniometry.

• 10.
Females have greater ROM than males at all joints.
• A.

True

• B.

False

• 11.
Which of the following is a potential factor in hypermobility?
• A.

Trauma to the joint

• B.

Presence of a hereditary disorder of connective tissue

• C.

Joint surface abnormalities

• D.

Laxity of soft tissue structures

• E.

All of the above are factors in hypermobility

• 12.
Which of the following phrases accurately describes active range of motion (AROM)?
• A.

The therapist may aid the patient in reaching the last 10 degrees of motion only

• B.

If a patient can complete AROM easily and painlessly, further testing of that motion is usually not needed

• C.

The patient must be completely relaxed to allow full AROM

• D.

AROM can be carried out either voluntarily or involuntarily, as long as the motion is concentric

• 13.
Which of the following is not a type of muscle strength testing?
• A.

Isolateral

• B.

Isotonic

• C.

Isometric

• D.

Isokinetic

• 14.
Which of the following statements regarding muscle strength is false?
• A.

Increases in muscle strength appear to continue until sometime between ages 20 and 30

• B.

Muscle strength in boys is greater than that of girls from as early as age 9 or 10

• C.

Declines in women's muscle strength start later than those in men

• D.

Slight declines in muscle strength continue until the age of 50 or 60, after which muscle strength sees a slight increase

• 15.
Which of the following statements regarding manual muscle testing is true?
• A.

Patients with significant weakness are best assessed using manual muscle testing

• B.

Manual muscle testing is identical to manual muscle screening

• C.

Manual muscle testing requires only a limited amount of equipment

• D.

Children younger than 3 years generally have the ability to cooperate with manual muscle testing