An increase in cardiac output corresponds to a decrease in blood pressure, due to the increased delivery.
Systemic vasodilation would increase blood pressure, due to diversion of blood to essential areas.
Excess red cell production would cause a blood pressure increase.
Excess protein production would decrease blood pressure.
It branches off of the inferior vena cava.
It consists of a vein connecting two capillary beds together.
Its major vessels are the superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric, and splenic veins.
It carries nutrients, toxins, and microorganisms to the liver for processing.
Capillaries of the active muscles will be engorged with blood.
Blood will be diverted to the digestive organs.
Blood flow to the kidneys increases.
The skin will be cold and clammy.
140/90 in a 70-year-old woman
120/80 in a 30-year-old man
110/60 in a 20-year-old woman
170/96 in a 50-year-old man
systolic pressure plus diastolic pressure
Diastolic pressure plus 1/3 (systolic pressure plus diastolic pressure)
Systolic pressure divided by diastolic pressure
Systolic pressure minus diastolic pressure
Changes in arterial pressure
A decrease in oxygen levels
A decrease in carbon dioxide
An increase in oxygen levels
Forming crypts that trap bacteria
Storage of iron
Removal of old or defective blood cells from the blood
Storage of blood platelets
Peyer's patches of the intestine
Serve as antigen surveillance areas
Produce lymph fluid and cerebrospinal fluid
Act as lymph filters and activate the immune system
Produce lymphoid cells and house granular WBCs
Duodenum of the small intestine
Jejunum of the small intestine
Ileum of the small intestine
Right lymphatic duct
Natural killer cells
Production is regulated by chemicals that reset the body's thermostat to a higher setting
Is a higher-than-normal body temperature that is always dangerous
Causes the liver to release large amounts of iron, which seems to inhibit bacterial replication
Decreases the metabolic rate of the body to conserve energy
chemotaxis, adherence, ingestion, digestion, killing
Ingestion, adherence, chemotaxis, digestion, killing
chemotaxis, ingestion, digestion, adherence, killing
Adherence, digestion, killing, ingestion, chemotaxis
Prevents the spread of the injurious agent to nearby tissue
Disposes of cellular debris and pathogens
Sets the stage for repair processes
Replaces injured tissues with connective tissue
occurs when memory cells are stimulated
occurs more rapidly and is stronger than the secondary response
is another name for immunological memory
Has a lag period while B cells proliferate and differentiate into plasma cells
Hodgkin's disease is a hereditary immunodeficiency found in children.
The most common form of immunodeficiency is graft-versus-host (GVH) disease.
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) disease is an acquired condition.
The causative agent in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a virus that recognizes CD4 proteins.
Immunological memory is established by passive immunization.
A vaccination is an example of the introduction of passive immunity into the body.
The antibodies utilized in active immunity are acquired from another organism.
Active and passive humoral immunity are both mechanisms of adaptive immunity that use antibodies.
Are also called cytotoxic T cells
Are cells of the adaptive immune system
Can kill cancer cells before the immune system is activated
Are a type of phagocyte
Prevents intercellular communication so that only specific cell types respond to the invader
Requires exposure to an antigen
Is the ability of individual cells to recognize a specific antigen by binding to it
Occurs in one specific organ of the adaptive immune system