Lymphatic System Quiz Questions

33 Questions

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Lymphatic System Quizzes & Trivia

This Exam covers chapters 19, 20, and 21.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Select the correct statement about factors that influence blood pressure.
    • A. 

      An increase in cardiac output corresponds to a decrease in blood pressure, due to the increased delivery.

    • B. 

      Systemic vasodilation would increase blood pressure, due to diversion of blood to essential areas.

    • C. 

      Excess red cell production would cause a blood pressure increase.

    • D. 

      Excess protein production would decrease blood pressure.

  • 2. 
    The carotid sinus reflex protects the blood supply to the brain, whereas the aortic reflex is more concerned with maintaining adequate blood pressure in the systemic circuit as a whole.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Whereas diffusion is more important for solute exchange between plasma and interstitial fluid, bulk flow is more important for regulation of the relative volumes of blood and interstitial fluid.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    An obstruction in the superior vena cava would decrease the flow of blood from the head and neck to the heart.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Which tunic of an artery is most responsible for maintaining blood pressure and continuous blood circulation?
    • A. 

      Tunica intima

    • B. 

      Tunica media

    • C. 

      tunica externa

    • D. 

      Tunica adventitia

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements regarding the hepatic portal system is false?
    • A. 

      It branches off of the inferior vena cava.

    • B. 

      It consists of a vein connecting two capillary beds together.

    • C. 

      Its major vessels are the superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric, and splenic veins.

    • D. 

      It carries nutrients, toxins, and microorganisms to the liver for processing.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is likely during vigorous exercise?
    • A. 

      Capillaries of the active muscles will be engorged with blood.

    • B. 

      Blood will be diverted to the digestive organs.

    • C. 

      Blood flow to the kidneys increases.

    • D. 

      The skin will be cold and clammy.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following blood pressure readings would be indicative of hypertension?
    • A. 

      140/90 in a 70-year-old woman

    • B. 

      120/80 in a 30-year-old man

    • C. 

      110/60 in a 20-year-old woman

    • D. 

      170/96 in a 50-year-old man

  • 9. 
    Where in the body would you find low oxygen levels causing vasoconstriction and high levels causing vasodilation?
    • A. 

      Heart

    • B. 

      Lungs

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Kidney

  • 10. 
    The pulse pressure is ________.
    • A. 

      systolic pressure plus diastolic pressure

    • B. 

      Diastolic pressure plus 1/3 (systolic pressure plus diastolic pressure)

    • C. 

      Systolic pressure divided by diastolic pressure

    • D. 

      Systolic pressure minus diastolic pressure

  • 11. 
    The baroreceptors in the carotid sinus and aortic arch are sensitive to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Changes in arterial pressure

    • B. 

      A decrease in oxygen levels

    • C. 

      A decrease in carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      An increase in oxygen levels

  • 12. 
    Functions of the spleen include all of those below except ________.
    • A. 

      Forming crypts that trap bacteria

    • B. 

      Storage of iron

    • C. 

      Removal of old or defective blood cells from the blood

    • D. 

      Storage of blood platelets

  • 13. 
    Chyle is delivered to the blood via the lymphatic system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Which of the following would not be classified as a lymphatic structure?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Tonsils

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Peyer's patches of the intestine

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is not a function of lymph nodes?
    • A. 

      Serve as antigen surveillance areas

    • B. 

      Produce lymph fluid and cerebrospinal fluid

    • C. 

      Act as lymph filters and activate the immune system

    • D. 

      Produce lymphoid cells and house granular WBCs

  • 16. 
    Peyer's patches are found in the ________.
    • A. 

      Duodenum of the small intestine

    • B. 

      Jejunum of the small intestine

    • C. 

      Ileum of the small intestine

    • D. 

      Large intestine

  • 17. 
    Large clusters of lymph nodes occur in all of the following locations except the ________.
    • A. 

      Cervical region

    • B. 

      Inguinal region

    • C. 

      Axillary region

    • D. 

      Lower extremities

  • 18. 
    Which lymphatic structure drains lymph from the right upper limb and the right side of the head and thorax?
    • A. 

      cisterna chyli

    • B. 

      lumbar trunk

    • C. 

      Thoracic duct

    • D. 

      Right lymphatic duct

  • 19. 
    Lymphocytes reside temporarily in lymphoid tissue, then move to other parts of the body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The cisterna chyli collects lymph from the lumbar trunks draining the upper limbs and from the intestinal trunk draining the digestive organs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    When tissues are inflamed, lymphatic capillaries develop openings that permit uptake of large particles such as cell debris, pathogens, and cancer cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Cancer cells and virus-infected body cells can be killed before activation of adaptive immunity by ________.
    • A. 

      Pinocytosis

    • B. 

      B lymphocytes

    • C. 

      Natural killer cells

    • D. 

      T lymphocyte

  • 23. 
    Fever ________.
    • A. 

      Production is regulated by chemicals that reset the body's thermostat to a higher setting

    • B. 

      Is a higher-than-normal body temperature that is always dangerous

    • C. 

      Causes the liver to release large amounts of iron, which seems to inhibit bacterial replication

    • D. 

      Decreases the metabolic rate of the body to conserve energy

  • 24. 
    Virus infected cells secrete complement to "warn" other cells of the presence of virus.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in phagocytosis?
    • A. 

      chemotaxis, adherence, ingestion, digestion, killing

    • B. 

      Ingestion, adherence, chemotaxis, digestion, killing

    • C. 

      chemotaxis, ingestion, digestion, adherence, killing

    • D. 

      Adherence, digestion, killing, ingestion, chemotaxis

  • 26. 
    Which of the following is not a function of the inflammatory response?
    • A. 

      Prevents the spread of the injurious agent to nearby tissue

    • B. 

      Disposes of cellular debris and pathogens

    • C. 

      Sets the stage for repair processes

    • D. 

      Replaces injured tissues with connective tissue

  • 27. 
    The redness and heat of an inflamed area are due to a local hyperemia caused by ________.
    • A. 

      Phagocyte mobilization

    • B. 

      Vasoconstriction

    • C. 

      Complement production

    • D. 

      Vasodilation

  • 28. 
    The primary immune response ________.
    • A. 

      occurs when memory cells are stimulated

    • B. 

      occurs more rapidly and is stronger than the secondary response

    • C. 

      is another name for immunological memory

    • D. 

      Has a lag period while B cells proliferate and differentiate into plasma cells

  • 29. 
    Select the correct statement about immunodeficiency.
    • A. 

      Hodgkin's disease is a hereditary immunodeficiency found in children.

    • B. 

      The most common form of immunodeficiency is graft-versus-host (GVH) disease.

    • C. 

      Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) disease is an acquired condition.

    • D. 

      The causative agent in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a virus that recognizes CD4 proteins.

  • 30. 
    Select the correct statement about active and passive immunity.
    • A. 

      Immunological memory is established by passive immunization.

    • B. 

      A vaccination is an example of the introduction of passive immunity into the body.

    • C. 

      The antibodies utilized in active immunity are acquired from another organism.

    • D. 

      Active and passive humoral immunity are both mechanisms of adaptive immunity that use antibodies.

  • 31. 
    Natural killer (NK) cells ________.
    • A. 

      Are also called cytotoxic T cells

    • B. 

      Are cells of the adaptive immune system

    • C. 

      Can kill cancer cells before the immune system is activated

    • D. 

      Are a type of phagocyte

  • 32. 
    Immunocompetence ________.
    • A. 

      Prevents intercellular communication so that only specific cell types respond to the invader

    • B. 

      Requires exposure to an antigen

    • C. 

      Is the ability of individual cells to recognize a specific antigen by binding to it

    • D. 

      Occurs in one specific organ of the adaptive immune system

  • 33. 
    Type question here. Example: Practice makes you [Blank]