Pharmacology Quiz 1 And 2

50 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Pharmacology Quizzes & Trivia

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which statement describes a Synergistic type of drug reaction?
    • A. 

      The combined effect of two drugs is greater then the sum of their individual effects.

    • B. 

      The combined effect of two drugs is less than the sum of their individual effects.

    • C. 

      A drug which has no effect enhances the effect of a second drug.

    • D. 

      Physical alteration occurs when the two drugs are mixed

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is an example of an allergen?
    • A. 

      Dander

    • B. 

      Histamine

    • C. 

      Xerostomia

    • D. 

      Antibody

  • 3. 
    What is released from the mast cells that cause the symptoms associated with an allergic response?
    • A. 

      Antigens

    • B. 

      Allergens

    • C. 

      Antibodies

    • D. 

      Histamine

    • E. 

      Urticaria

  • 4. 
    Where are H1-receptors mostly found?
    • A. 

      Bronchioles

    • B. 

      Uterine tissues

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      Blood vessels

    • E. 

      Epidermal tissues

  • 5. 
    Which one of the following statements is an advantage of the second generation antihistamines?
    • A. 

      A lot more sedating

    • B. 

      Shorter half life

    • C. 

      More selective for H1 receptors

    • D. 

      Avoids first pass metabolism

    • E. 

      Cheaper

  • 6. 
    Which types of drugs are associated with a lot of drug interactions?
    • A. 

      Those with a high affinity for their receptor site

    • B. 

      Those that do not bind to plasma proteins (albumin or globulin)

    • C. 

      Those considered as Inhibitors and inducers of liver enzymes (Cytochrome P450 system)

    • D. 

      Those that can cross the blood brain barrier through passive transport

  • 7. 
    Bioavailability can be defined as...
    • A. 

      The transformation of drug into metabolites

    • B. 

      The degree of attraction or attachment of a drug to a receptor site

    • C. 

      The amount of time it takes half the drug to leave the body

    • D. 

      The percentage of the drug that is available for biological use

    • E. 

      The buildup of drug in the body over time

  • 8. 
    Which of the following side effects of older antihistamines is also the cause of most drug interactions with antihistamines?
    • A. 

      Xerostomia

    • B. 

      Urinary retention

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Palpitations

    • E. 

      Sedation

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is often prescribed for moderate to severe itching related to an allergic reaction?
    • A. 

      Atarax

    • B. 

      Reactine

    • C. 

      Benadryl

    • D. 

      Gravol

    • E. 

      Aerius

  • 10. 
    Which of the following can be described as “reddening of the skin”?
    • A. 

      Xerostomia

    • B. 

      Rhinitis

    • C. 

      Urticaria

    • D. 

      Erythema

    • E. 

      Dermatitis

  • 11. 
    Which category of drugs treat allergic reactions? 
    • A. 

      Antiallergics

    • B. 

      Antihistamines

    • C. 

      Decongestants

    • D. 

      Antibiotics

    • E. 

      H2 receptor blockers

  • 12. 
    Why is Cromolyn Sodium (Intal) used for prophylaxis and not treatment of an allergic reaction?
    • A. 

      Because it most often is used for child asthma

    • B. 

      Because it blocks the histamine receptors

    • C. 

      Because it is an antihistamine

    • D. 

      Because it only works on mild cases

    • E. 

      Because it blocks the release of histamine

  • 13. 
    Reactine
    • A. 

      Loratidine

    • B. 

      Fexofenadine

    • C. 

      Hydroxyzine

    • D. 

      Cetrizine

    • E. 

      Chlorpheniramine

  • 14. 
    Allegra
    • A. 

      Fexofenadine

    • B. 

      Loratidine

    • C. 

      Cetrizine

    • D. 

      Chlorpheniramine

    • E. 

      Hydroxyzine

  • 15. 
    Benadryl
    • A. 

      Dimenhydrinate

    • B. 

      Chlorpheniramine

    • C. 

      Fexofenadine

    • D. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • E. 

      Hydroxyzine

  • 16. 
    If an allergic reaction causes circular-type rashes, which of the following symptoms would it be?
    • A. 

      Closing of throat

    • B. 

      Dermatitis

    • C. 

      Urticaria

    • D. 

      Erythema

  • 17. 
    What is an allergy?
    • A. 

      An immunological response that fights bacterial infections.

    • B. 

      A collection of allergens.

    • C. 

      A hypersensitivity to antigens such as mold, dust, pollen.

    • D. 

      An intolerance to a food or ingested substance.

    • E. 

      An affinity to such things as mold, dust, pollen or dander.

  • 18. 
    Which type of therapeutic effect relieves symptoms but may not affect the progress of the disease?
    • A. 

      Palliative

    • B. 

      Restorative

    • C. 

      Chemotherapeutic

    • D. 

      Systemic

    • E. 

      Curative

  • 19. 
    Atarax
    • A. 

      Promethazine

    • B. 

      Hydroxyzine

    • C. 

      Fexofenadine

    • D. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • E. 

      Chlorpheniramine

  • 20. 
    Claritin
    • A. 

      Cetrizine

    • B. 

      Loratidine

    • C. 

      Desloratidine

    • D. 

      Chlorpheniramine

    • E. 

      Fexofenadine

  • 21. 
    Pharmacokinetics studies the life or movement of a drug in a body. Which of the following is one of the pharmacokinetic processes that a drug must undergo?
    • A. 

      Ionization

    • B. 

      Accumulation

    • C. 

      Distribution

    • D. 

      Mitigation

    • E. 

      Palliation

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is a second generation antihistamine?
    • A. 

      Claritin

    • B. 

      Gravol

    • C. 

      Chlortriplon

    • D. 

      Bonamime

    • E. 

      Benadryl

  • 23. 
    First Pass Metabolism refers to ...
    • A. 

      The drug being metabolized by the kidney

    • B. 

      The drug passing through the blood brain barrier

    • C. 

      The drug going through cell membranes in the GI tract

    • D. 

      The drug passing through the liver before being used

    • E. 

      The drug being excreted

  • 24. 
    The absorption of a drug into the blood stream is often affected by which factor?
    • A. 

      Plasma protein binding

    • B. 

      Enzyme Induction

    • C. 

      Circulation

    • D. 

      Lipid solubility

    • E. 

      Incompatability

  • 25. 
    Chlortriplon
    • A. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • B. 

      Hydroxyzine

    • C. 

      Chlorpheniramine

    • D. 

      Cetrizine

    • E. 

      Loratidine

  • 26. 
    Which of the following is a drug name and not a drug classification?
    • A. 

      Fluoroquinolones

    • B. 

      Penicillins

    • C. 

      Macrolides

    • D. 

      Clindamycins

    • E. 

      Tetracyclines

  • 27. 
    When are intranasal inhaled steroids prescribed? 
    • A. 

      For patients with viral infections

    • B. 

      For patients with chronic bronchitis

    • C. 

      For patients with unresponsive rhinitis

    • D. 

      For patients with acute asthma attacks

    • E. 

      For patients with emphysema

  • 28. 
    Fluticasone…
    • A. 

      Serevent

    • B. 

      Ventolin

    • C. 

      Berotec

    • D. 

      Bricanyl

    • E. 

      Flovent

  • 29. 
    Which of the following is false concerning how infectious organisms are transmitted?
    • A. 

      Contaminated parenteral products

    • B. 

      Contaminated food/water

    • C. 

      Skin to skin (mucous membranes)

    • D. 

      Hereditary

    • E. 

      Airborne droplets

  • 30. 
    What is the most common complaint of a patient using Spiriva?
    • A. 

      Hoarseness

    • B. 

      Must rinse and spit after use

    • C. 

      Multiple doses per day

    • D. 

      Dryness in the mouth

    • E. 

      Using an areochamber

  • 31. 
    Leukotrienes…
    • A. 

      Treat allergies and asthma

    • B. 

      Stop histamine release

    • C. 

      Are a classification within antibiotics

    • D. 

      Are a type of prostaglandin, a chemical mediator in our bodies

    • E. 

      Coat the lungs to breakdown mucus buildup

  • 32. 
    How do oral inhaled steroids work differently than bronchodilators?
    • A. 

      Decrease inflammation

    • B. 

      Reduce mucuos production

    • C. 

      Affects the smooth muscle

    • D. 

      Stop histamine release

  • 33. 
    Fenoterol…
    • A. 

      Serevent

    • B. 

      Bricanyl

    • C. 

      Flovent

    • D. 

      Berotec

    • E. 

      Ventolin

  • 34. 
    When is epinephrine given?
    • A. 

      For COPD patients

    • B. 

      In a combination with a corticosteroid

    • C. 

      In emergency situations

    • D. 

      When long acting bronchodilators are not sufficient

    • E. 

      Prior to being exposed to asthma triggers

  • 35. 
    Which of the following is a combination inhaler?
    • A. 

      Flovent

    • B. 

      Oxeze

    • C. 

      Atrovent

    • D. 

      Serevent

    • E. 

      Symbicort

  • 36. 
    Alvesco…
    • A. 

      Mometasone

    • B. 

      Ciclesonide

    • C. 

      Orcipraline

    • D. 

      Beclomethasone

    • E. 

      Budesonide

  • 37. 
    What does the phrase “antibiotic resistance” refer to?
    • A. 

      An antibiotic is ineffective due to patient factors (ie. tolerance)

    • B. 

      An antibiotic drug that is not stable, short shelf life

    • C. 

      A patient’s noncompliance to take antibiotics

    • D. 

      An organism has evolved to tolerate antibiotics

    • E. 

      A patient is intolerant to an antibiotic or class

  • 38. 
    Which statement is false concerning the product Singulair?
    • A. 

      It is available as tablets for children and adults

    • B. 

      It is indicated for asthma as well as bronchoconstriction related to allergies

    • C. 

      It reduces inflammation in the lungs

    • D. 

      It is generally well tolerated

    • E. 

      It is the drug montelukast

  • 39. 
    Which of the following is a combination inhaler?
    • A. 

      Atrovent

    • B. 

      Flonase

    • C. 

      Asmanex

    • D. 

      Benylin E

    • E. 

      Advair

  • 40. 
    Which inhaler would have a “warning, do not exceed prescribed dose…” aux label?
    • A. 

      Flovent

    • B. 

      Oxeze

    • C. 

      Epi-Pen

    • D. 

      Zaditen

    • E. 

      Pulmicort

  • 41. 
    Which statement is not true for Emphysemics?
    • A. 

      Treatment may include respiratory exercises

    • B. 

      Suffer from permanent enlargement of alveoli

    • C. 

      Lungs lose elasticity

    • D. 

      Patients expend large amounts of energy just to breath

    • E. 

      Treated with corticosteroids

  • 42. 
    Which of the following is a difference between emphysema and asthma?
    • A. 

      Asthmatics have excess mucuos production in the lungs, emphysemics do not

    • B. 

      Asthmatic lungs have reversible changes, emphysemic lungs do not

    • C. 

      Asthmatics may have shortness of breath, emphysemics do not

    • D. 

      Asthmatics have attacks, emphysemics do not

    • E. 

      Asthmatics are treated with B2 Agonists, emphysemics are not

  • 43. 
    For the products: Serevet, Berotec, Flovent, Ventolin; which dosage form are they all available in?
    • A. 

      Nebulizer Solutions

    • B. 

      Tablets/Capsules

    • C. 

      Injections

    • D. 

      Nasal Inhalers

    • E. 

      Oral Inhalers

  • 44. 
    Salmeterol…
    • A. 

      Flovent

    • B. 

      Ventolin

    • C. 

      Berotec

    • D. 

      Bricanyl

    • E. 

      Serevent

  • 45. 
    Mometasone is available as… 
    • A. 

      An oral inhaler

    • B. 

      Capsules for inhalation

    • C. 

      Nebules for inhalation

    • D. 

      Either an intranasal or oral inhaler

    • E. 

      An intranasal inhaler

  • 46. 
    Which class of drugs are patients encouraged to rinse and spit after use?
    • A. 

      Expectorants

    • B. 

      Mucolytics

    • C. 

      Corticosteroids

    • D. 

      Xanthine Derivatives

    • E. 

      Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists

  • 47. 
    What is the most commonly prescribed antibiotic?
    • A. 

      Famciclovir

    • B. 

      Nystatin

    • C. 

      Ciprofloxacin

    • D. 

      Amoxicillin

    • E. 

      Tetracycline

  • 48. 
    Which of the following is a concern when prescribing theophylline?
    • A. 

      Possible high serum levels due to improper use

    • B. 

      Potential drug interactions related to liver metabolism

    • C. 

      Not to be used in children as may suppress their growth

    • D. 

      Possible low doses achieved with inhaler

    • E. 

      Must also be on a corticosteroid for full effectiveness

  • 49. 
    Salbutamol…
    • A. 

      Ventolin

    • B. 

      Bricanyl

    • C. 

      Serevent

    • D. 

      Flovent

    • E. 

      Berotec

  • 50. 
    Rhinocort… 
    • A. 

      Mometasone

    • B. 

      Beclomethasone

    • C. 

      Fluticasone

    • D. 

      Budesonide

    • E. 

      Triamcinolone