Pharmacology Quiz 1 And 2

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 64

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Pharmacology Quiz 1 And 2

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which statement describes a Synergistic type of drug reaction?
    • A. 

      The combined effect of two drugs is greater then the sum of their individual effects.

    • B. 

      The combined effect of two drugs is less than the sum of their individual effects.

    • C. 

      A drug which has no effect enhances the effect of a second drug.

    • D. 

      Physical alteration occurs when the two drugs are mixed

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is an example of an allergen?
    • A. 

      Dander

    • B. 

      Histamine

    • C. 

      Xerostomia

    • D. 

      Antibody

  • 3. 
    What is released from the mast cells that cause the symptoms associated with an allergic response?
    • A. 

      Antigens

    • B. 

      Allergens

    • C. 

      Antibodies

    • D. 

      Histamine

    • E. 

      Urticaria

  • 4. 
    Where are H1-receptors mostly found?
    • A. 

      Bronchioles

    • B. 

      Uterine tissues

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      Blood vessels

    • E. 

      Epidermal tissues

  • 5. 
    Which one of the following statements is an advantage of the second generation antihistamines?
    • A. 

      A lot more sedating

    • B. 

      Shorter half life

    • C. 

      More selective for H1 receptors

    • D. 

      Avoids first pass metabolism

    • E. 

      Cheaper

  • 6. 
    Which types of drugs are associated with a lot of drug interactions?
    • A. 

      Those with a high affinity for their receptor site

    • B. 

      Those that do not bind to plasma proteins (albumin or globulin)

    • C. 

      Those considered as Inhibitors and inducers of liver enzymes (Cytochrome P450 system)

    • D. 

      Those that can cross the blood brain barrier through passive transport

  • 7. 
    Bioavailability can be defined as...
    • A. 

      The transformation of drug into metabolites

    • B. 

      The degree of attraction or attachment of a drug to a receptor site

    • C. 

      The amount of time it takes half the drug to leave the body

    • D. 

      The percentage of the drug that is available for biological use

    • E. 

      The buildup of drug in the body over time

  • 8. 
    Which of the following side effects of older antihistamines is also the cause of most drug interactions with antihistamines?
    • A. 

      Xerostomia

    • B. 

      Urinary retention

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Palpitations

    • E. 

      Sedation

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is often prescribed for moderate to severe itching related to an allergic reaction?
    • A. 

      Atarax

    • B. 

      Reactine

    • C. 

      Benadryl

    • D. 

      Gravol

    • E. 

      Aerius

  • 10. 
    Which of the following can be described as “reddening of the skin”?
    • A. 

      Xerostomia

    • B. 

      Rhinitis

    • C. 

      Urticaria

    • D. 

      Erythema

    • E. 

      Dermatitis

  • 11. 
    Which category of drugs treat allergic reactions? 
    • A. 

      Antiallergics

    • B. 

      Antihistamines

    • C. 

      Decongestants

    • D. 

      Antibiotics

    • E. 

      H2 receptor blockers

  • 12. 
    Why is Cromolyn Sodium (Intal) used for prophylaxis and not treatment of an allergic reaction?
    • A. 

      Because it most often is used for child asthma

    • B. 

      Because it blocks the histamine receptors

    • C. 

      Because it is an antihistamine

    • D. 

      Because it only works on mild cases

    • E. 

      Because it blocks the release of histamine

  • 13. 
    Reactine
    • A. 

      Loratidine

    • B. 

      Fexofenadine

    • C. 

      Hydroxyzine

    • D. 

      Cetrizine

    • E. 

      Chlorpheniramine

  • 14. 
    Allegra
    • A. 

      Fexofenadine

    • B. 

      Loratidine

    • C. 

      Cetrizine

    • D. 

      Chlorpheniramine

    • E. 

      Hydroxyzine

  • 15. 
    Benadryl
    • A. 

      Dimenhydrinate

    • B. 

      Chlorpheniramine

    • C. 

      Fexofenadine

    • D. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • E. 

      Hydroxyzine

  • 16. 
    If an allergic reaction causes circular-type rashes, which of the following symptoms would it be?
    • A. 

      Closing of throat

    • B. 

      Dermatitis

    • C. 

      Urticaria

    • D. 

      Erythema

  • 17. 
    What is an allergy?
    • A. 

      An immunological response that fights bacterial infections.

    • B. 

      A collection of allergens.

    • C. 

      A hypersensitivity to antigens such as mold, dust, pollen.

    • D. 

      An intolerance to a food or ingested substance.

    • E. 

      An affinity to such things as mold, dust, pollen or dander.

  • 18. 
    Which type of therapeutic effect relieves symptoms but may not affect the progress of the disease?
    • A. 

      Palliative

    • B. 

      Restorative

    • C. 

      Chemotherapeutic

    • D. 

      Systemic

    • E. 

      Curative

  • 19. 
    Atarax
    • A. 

      Promethazine

    • B. 

      Hydroxyzine

    • C. 

      Fexofenadine

    • D. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • E. 

      Chlorpheniramine

  • 20. 
    Claritin
    • A. 

      Cetrizine

    • B. 

      Loratidine

    • C. 

      Desloratidine

    • D. 

      Chlorpheniramine

    • E. 

      Fexofenadine

  • 21. 
    Pharmacokinetics studies the life or movement of a drug in a body. Which of the following is one of the pharmacokinetic processes that a drug must undergo?
    • A. 

      Ionization

    • B. 

      Accumulation

    • C. 

      Distribution

    • D. 

      Mitigation

    • E. 

      Palliation

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is a second generation antihistamine?
    • A. 

      Claritin

    • B. 

      Gravol

    • C. 

      Chlortriplon

    • D. 

      Bonamime

    • E. 

      Benadryl

  • 23. 
    First Pass Metabolism refers to ...
    • A. 

      The drug being metabolized by the kidney

    • B. 

      The drug passing through the blood brain barrier

    • C. 

      The drug going through cell membranes in the GI tract

    • D. 

      The drug passing through the liver before being used

    • E. 

      The drug being excreted

  • 24. 
    The absorption of a drug into the blood stream is often affected by which factor?
    • A. 

      Plasma protein binding

    • B. 

      Enzyme Induction

    • C. 

      Circulation

    • D. 

      Lipid solubility

    • E. 

      Incompatability

  • 25. 
    Chlortriplon
    • A. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • B. 

      Hydroxyzine

    • C. 

      Chlorpheniramine

    • D. 

      Cetrizine

    • E. 

      Loratidine

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