Chapter 10: US History I

31 Questions

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Chapter 10: US History I

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What was the date of Washington's oath into office?
    • A. 

      April 29, 1788

    • B. 

      April 30, 1788

    • C. 

      April 29, 1789

    • D. 

      April 30, 1789

  • 2. 
    When was the Judiciary Act accepted?
    • A. 

      July 1789

    • B. 

      August 1789

    • C. 

      September 1789

    • D. 

      October 1789

  • 3. 
    What did the Judiciary Act establish? 
    • A. 

      An outline of a three-part court system: district, circuit, and Supreme courts, with their structures

    • B. 

      An outline of how trials should be conducted

    • C. 

      An outline establishing the Judicial system's powers and restrictions

    • D. 

      Establishment of the Supreme Court and how it should operate

  • 4. 
    What power did the Judiciary Act give to the Supreme Court?
    • A. 

      They could settle disputes among the states

    • B. 

      They could declare presidential acts unconstitutional

    • C. 

      They could appoint their own judges

    • D. 

      They could approve pending bills

  • 5. 
    Why was Hamilton's loyalty questioned?
    • A. 

      He was born in the West Indies

    • B. 

      He was a Loyalist during the Revolution

    • C. 

      He didn't like Jefferson

    • D. 

      He wanted to become president

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements is true about debts in America?
    • A. 

      The national debt was $54 million, the states' debt was $21.5 million, and the accumulated debt was $75 million

    • B. 

      The national debt was $64 million, the states' debt was $11.5 million, and the accumulated debt was $75 million

    • C. 

      The national debt was $64 million, the states' debt was $21.5 million, and the accumulated debt was $85 million

    • D. 

      The national debt was $54 million, the states' debt was $11.5 million, and the accumulated debt was $65 million

  • 7. 
    The federal government will pay all debts at face value, plus interest.This best describes...
    • A. 

      Funding at par

    • B. 

      Assumption

    • C. 

      Debt system

    • D. 

      Financial system

  • 8. 
    Which state felt assumption was an unfair policy?
    • A. 

      Virginia

    • B. 

      Massachusetts

    • C. 

      Georgia

    • D. 

      New Jersey

  • 9. 
    What did Virginia receive in turn for cooperating with Congress taking on the states debts?
    • A. 

      District of Columbia

    • B. 

      District of Canada

    • C. 

      A $5,000,000 loan

    • D. 

      A $500,000 loan

  • 10. 
    Taking on all debts of the states is better known as...
    • A. 

      Assumption

    • B. 

      Funding at par

    • C. 

      Capitalism

    • D. 

      Debt-covering

  • 11. 
    Hamilton proposed _______, a tax of 8% value of imported goods.
    • A. 

      Custom duties

    • B. 

      Excise taxes

  • 12. 
    What influenced Hamilton's bank proposal?
    • A. 

      The Bank of England

    • B. 

      The Bank of America

    • C. 

      The Bank of Washington

    • D. 

      The Bank of Virginia

  • 13. 
    Which of these was not a purpose for Hamilton's bank?
    • A. 

      Circulating cash

    • B. 

      Store excess money

    • C. 

      Print paper bills

    • D. 

      Hold revenue, from taxes

    • E. 

      Issue representative money

    • F. 

      State banks had enough hard wealth to trade for printed money

    • G. 

      Common currency for trading with foreign nations

  • 14. 
    What tactic did Alexander Hamilton use to win his proposal of the bank?
    • A. 

      Claimed a bank was "necessary and proper" (the Elastic Clause)

    • B. 

      Claimed a bank was violating the states' rights

    • C. 

      Claimed a bank was needed to earn respect from other nations

    • D. 

      Claimed a bank was good

  • 15. 
    Followers of Alexander Hamilton based their understanding of the Constitution on loose interpretation. What does this mean?
    • A. 

      Anything not stated as forbidden was permitted

    • B. 

      Anything not stated as permitted was forbidden

    • C. 

      Anything stated as forbidden was forbidden

    • D. 

      Anything stated as permitted was permitted

  • 16. 
    Which of these was NOT a goal for Hamilton's bank?
    • A. 

      Trade with other nations

    • B. 

      Pay off war debts

    • C. 

      Raise money

    • D. 

      Create a national currency

  • 17. 
    Why did Jefferson feel Hamilton's bank was a bad idea?
    • A. 

      According to the 10th Amendment, banks should be a state controlled item

    • B. 

      According to the Elastic Clause, it's not a necessary or proper solution

    • C. 

      According to the 9th Amendment, it's not an enumerated power

    • D. 

      Jefferson did not have an issue with Hamilton's proposal

  • 18. 
    Which was not a cause of the Whiskey Rebellion?
    • A. 

      Excise taxes

    • B. 

      Taxation without representation

    • C. 

      Custom duties

    • D. 

      Unfair taxing

  • 19. 
    The Federalist party is best described as...
    • A. 

      Derived from Thomas Jefferson

    • B. 

      Derived from Alexander Hamilton

    • C. 

      Represented the common man, aka farmers

    • D. 

      Represented the wealthy, aka capitalists

    • E. 

      Favored limitations on federal government (and its powers)

    • F. 

      Favored expansion of federal government

    • G. 

      Strict interpretation (of the Constitution)

    • H. 

      Loose interpretation (of the Constitution)

    • I. 

      Nation's future was dependent on agriculture

    • J. 

      Nation's future was dependent on industry

    • K. 

      Supported France

    • L. 

      Supported Britain

    • M. 

      Was anti-capitalistic

  • 20. 
    Which best describes Washington's Neutrality Proclamation, 1793?
    • A. 

      Stated the United States' neutrality, and warned Americans to stay away from the war

    • B. 

      Justified to France why the United States remained neutral

    • C. 

      Explained to Americans why they should stay neutral

    • D. 

      Gained a new respect for Washington and his views on war

  • 21. 
    The Treaty of Greenville established... 
    • A. 

      Natives would have to cede the Ohio Country to the United States

    • B. 

      Natives were not allowed to form an alliance with Britain anymore

    • C. 

      Britain had to repay for the seized merchant ships

    • D. 

      Britain could not supply Natives with weapons anymore

  • 22. 
    Britain would have to repay for all the seized merchant ships.This situation is better known as...
    • A. 

      Impressment

    • B. 

      Assumption

    • C. 

      Pinckney Treaty

    • D. 

      The Treaty of Greenville

  • 23. 
    What did Washington warn against in his Farewell Address?
    • A. 

      Political parties & permanent foreign alliances

    • B. 

      Political parties & foreign affairs

    • C. 

      Permanent foreign alliances & treaties with the British

    • D. 

      Permanent foreign alliances & a 2 term presidency

  • 24. 
    Which of these men did John Adams NOT send to France in the XYZ Affair?
    • A. 

      Elbridge Gerry

    • B. 

      John Marshall

    • C. 

      Charles Pinckney

    • D. 

      John Jay

  • 25. 
    What did French agents demand in the XYZ Affair?
    • A. 

      32 million florin loan, $250,000 bribe

    • B. 

      25 million florin loan, $370,000 bribe

    • C. 

      250 million florin loan, $32,000 bribe

    • D. 

      250 million florin loan, $3,200,000 bribe

  • 26. 
    The Alien Laws...
    • A. 

      Changed the residence policy from 5 years to 14 years

    • B. 

      Jailed anyone who spoke bad about government officials, or failed to abide policies

  • 27. 
    Which of these is not synonymous with the others?
    • A. 

      States' Rights Amendment, aka the 9th Amendment

    • B. 

      Compact Theory

    • C. 

      States' Rights Theory

    • D. 

      Nullification

  • 28. 
    The states had made the federal government, the federal government makes laws, but since the states made the federal government, the states reserve the right to nullify those federal laws.This best describes...
    • A. 

      People's Rights Amendment

    • B. 

      States' Rights Amendment

    • C. 

      Nullification

    • D. 

      Impressment

  • 29. 
    Who proposed the idea of assumption?
    • A. 

      Alexander Hamilton

    • B. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • C. 

      Congress

    • D. 

      Henry Knox