Chapter 11: Cognitive Development

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 2543

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Infant Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The process that relates development to the interaction between genes and environment is called:
    • A. 

      Maturation

    • B. 

      Arborization

    • C. 

      Plasticity

    • D. 

      Epigenesis

  • 2. 
    The single cell that contains the chromosomes from both a sperm and an egg iscalled a:
    • A. 

      Blastocyst

    • B. 

      Fetus

    • C. 

      Embryo

    • D. 

      Zygote

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      50; 80

    • B. 

      60; 25

    • C. 

      60; 75

    • D. 

      25; 50

  • 4. 
    Which is the process that leads to greater to the progressive loss of connectivity in the brain?
    • A. 

      Synaptogenesis

    • B. 

      Arborization

    • C. 

      Myelinization

    • D. 

      Synaptic pruning

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Two-hour-old infants suck a nipple more vigorously when they hear the sound of their mother’s voice than when they hear a female stranger

    • B. 

      Newborns whose mothers had repeatedly read aloud a specific passage during pregnancy react to the passage the same way as newborns whose mothers read unfamiliar passages

    • C. 

      A fetus kicks more at sound of the voice of a sibling than at the voice of its mother

    • D. 

      A fetus responds to low-frequency sounds more than to high-frequency sounds

  • 6. 
    Which type of plasticity allows information to be encoded throughout development?
    • A. 

      Experience-expectant

    • B. 

      Experience-dependent

    • C. 

      Maturation

    • D. 

      Synaptic pruning

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Linear

    • B. 

      Step

    • C. 

      ‘U’ shape

    • D. 

      Inverted ‘U’ shape

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is a particular feature of longitudinal designs? 
    • A. 

      Repeated measures

    • B. 

      Cohort bias

    • C. 

      Correlational

    • D. 

      Sampling bias

  • 9. 
    _______________is occurring when infants apply their schemas in novel situations; ____________is occurring when infants revise their schemas in light of new information. 
    • A. 

      Accommodation; assimilation

    • B. 

      Assimilation; accommodation

    • C. 

      Assimilation; commendation

    • D. 

      Commendation; accommodation

  • 10. 
    Object permanence is the idea that:
    • A. 

      Objects that move are not real

    • B. 

      Objects continue to exist even when they are not visible

    • C. 

      Words written in permanent marker describe physical objects

    • D. 

      Objects disappear when they are hidden

  • 11. 
    _________________is the tendency to focus on just one property of an object to the exclusion of all others. 
    • A. 

      Centration

    • B. 

      Mental representations

    • C. 

      Egocentrism

    • D. 

      Narcissism

  • 12. 
    Paul, who is 3 years old, is standing in a courtyard around the corner from Mike, who is standing on the sidewalk next to the street. When Jean asks Paul what he thinks Mike sees, he describes the courtyard instead of the street or sidewalk. What developmental concept describes this lack of understanding of another’s mind? 
    • A. 

      Centration

    • B. 

      Mental representations

    • C. 

      Egocentrism

    • D. 

      Narcissism

  • 13. 
    What is the order of Jean Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development? 
    • A. 

      Preoperational, concrete operational, sensorimotor, formal operational

    • B. 

      Preoperational, sensorimotor, concrete operational, formal operational

    • C. 

      Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor, preoperational, formal operational, concrete operational

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Piaget’s sensorimotor theory

    • B. 

      Freud’s psychoanalytic theory

    • C. 

      Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory

    • D. 

      Siegler’s over-lapping waves theory

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is not an executive function process? 
    • A. 

      Working memory

    • B. 

      Inhibition

    • C. 

      Assimilation

    • D. 

      Inhibition

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not a domain of core knowledge?
    • A. 

      Space

    • B. 

      Number

    • C. 

      Objects

    • D. 

      Gravity

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not a feature of core knowledge? 
    • A. 

      Universal

    • B. 

      Stage-like

    • C. 

      Do not have to be learned

    • D. 

      Do not change over development

  • 18. 
    A 5-year-old who understands that a kitten raised in a litter of puppies will not grow up like a dog is demonstrating what?
    • A. 

      Psychological essentialism

    • B. 

      Concrete operational thinking

    • C. 

      Causal reasoning

    • D. 

      Conservation

  • 19. 
    According to _____________theory, younger adults are generally oriented toward the acquisition of information that will be useful to them later, and older people seek information that is emotionally satisfying. 
    • A. 

      Attachment

    • B. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • C. 

      Socioemotional selectivity

    • D. 

      Socioeconomic transition

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Bilateral activation; unilateral activation

    • B. 

      Bilateral activation; bilateral inhibition

    • C. 

      Unilateral inhibition; bilateral activation

    • D. 

      Unilateral activation; unilateral inhibition