Week Three Discrimination Exam

16 Questions

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Discrimination Quizzes & Trivia

In human social affairs, discrimination is treatment or consideration of or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person based on the group, class, or category to which the person is perceived to belong. Take the quiz below to gauge yourself on what you know about discrimination so far. Give it a shot!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Identifying the precise amount of female delinquency is difficult because there are:
    • A. 

      No consistent meanings of delinquency.

    • B. 

      Too few female offenders.

    • C. 

      Gender free arrest procedures in most jurisdictions.

    • D. 

      . None of the above.

  • 2. 
    Which type of discrimination has been found in the juvenile justice system?
    • A. 

      Gender discrimination

    • B. 

      Racial discrimination

    • C. 

      Socioeconomic discrimination

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    Race and ethnicity are:
    • A. 

      Legal factors.

    • B. 

      Inadequate predictors of future behaviors.

    • C. 

      Extralegal factors.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 4. 
    Intake officers:
    • A. 

      Have broad discretionary powers.

    • B. 

      Can sentence juveniles to long term detention.

    • C. 

      Can order the release of youths from industrial schools.

    • D. 

      Are normally appointed by the mayor.

  • 5. 
    Compared with police officer discretion pertaining to juveniles, intake officer discretion is:
    • A. 

      Less diffuse.

    • B. 

      More diffuse.

    • C. 

      Less complex.

    • D. 

      Statutory rather than discretionary.

  • 6. 
    A close parallel has been drawn between the intake proceeding and:
    • A. 

      An interrogation.

    • B. 

      Booking.

    • C. 

      Plea bargaining.

    • D. 

      An inquisition.

  • 7. 
    The role of juvenile court prosecutors today compared with their role five or six decades earlier:
    • A. 

      Is pretty much the same.

    • B. 

      Has been significantly transformed.

    • C. 

      Has resulted in less discretionary power.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 8. 
    The case of In re Winship resulted in the standard of:
    • A. 

      Beyond a reasonable doubt.

    • B. 

      Clear and convincing evidence.

    • C. 

      A preponderance of evidence.

    • D. 

      The weight of the evidence.

  • 9. 
    Changes in the standard of proof in juvenile courts have made cases against juveniles:
    • A. 

      Easier to prove.

    • B. 

      More difficult to prove.

    • C. 

      Easier to process.

    • D. 

      More dependent on the parens patriae doctrine.

  • 10. 
    Fingerprinting and photographing juveniles during the early stages of their processing in most jurisdictions is:
    • A. 

      Constitutional.

    • B. 

      Conducted.

    • C. 

      Routine.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 11. 
    Heightening the accountability of juvenile court judges in juvenile court proceedings is:
    • A. 

      The presence of defense counsel.

    • B. 

      More open adjudicatory proceedings.

    • C. 

      Greater public access to such hearings.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 12. 
    Today, juvenile records are:
    • A. 

      Less likely to be made available for public view.

    • B. 

      More likely to be made available for public view.

    • C. 

      Sealed from public view in most jurisdictions.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 13. 
    A common risk assessment component is:
    • A. 

      Age at first adjudication.

    • B. 

      Family relationships.

    • C. 

      Prior delinquent behavior.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 14. 
    Juvenile courts continue to see their roles largely as:
    • A. 

      Punitive.

    • B. 

      Rehabilitative.

    • C. 

      Adversarial.

    • D. 

      Inquisitorial.

  • 15. 
    Alternative dispute resolution is a:
    • A. 

      Failure.

    • B. 

      Mediation program.

    • C. 

      Community service program.

    • D. 

      Parole program.

  • 16. 
    One major reason why perpetual juvenile offenders are diverted from formal juvenile court processing is:
    • A. 

      Poor record keeping among juvenile jurisdictions.

    • B. 

      Too many intake officers.

    • C. 

      Weak prosecutorial policies of juvenile courts.

    • D. 

      Significant gaps in evidence accumulated in the average juvenile case.