Wh9 Mid-year Exam 1st Semester December 2018 Part One

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Wh9 Mid-year Exam 1st Semester December 2018 Part One


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What form of government is based on the idea that people can govern themselves?
    • A. 

      Democracy

    • B. 

      Absolute rule

    • C. 

      Dictatorship

    • D. 

      Constitutional monarchy

  • 2. 
    How are powers divided in a federal system?
    • A. 

      The power is divided between the monarchy and the Parliament.

    • B. 

      The power is divided between the national and state governments.

    • C. 

      The power is divided among the judicial, legislative, and executive branches.

    • D. 

      The power is divided between the House of Commons and House of Lords.

  • 3. 
    What are the three branches of government?
    • A. 

      House of Commons, House of Lords, and the Prime Minister

    • B. 

      Monarchy, Parliament, and Magna Carta

    • C. 

      Judicial, legislative, and executive

    • D. 

      Central, state, and city governments

  • 4. 
    What is a republic?
    • A. 

      A government in which citizens elect leaders who make government decisions

    • B. 

      A government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives

    • C. 

      A government in which one person rules

    • D. 

      A government in which the noble class rules

  • 5. 
    Which Enlightenment thinker believed that all human beings had a right to life, liberty, and property?
    • A. 

      Thomas Hobbes

    • B. 

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    • C. 

      John Locke

    • D. 

      Baron de Montesquieu

  • 6. 
    What Hebrew code focused more on morality and ethics and less on politics?
    • A. 

      Ten Commandments

    • B. 

      Roman law

    • C. 

      Divine right

    • D. 

      Petition of Right

  • 7. 
    Which war led to the creation of a short-lived republic whose leaders resorted to a Reign of Terror during a national crisis?
    • A. 

      The American Revolution

    • B. 

      The French Revolution

    • C. 

      The English Civil War

    • D. 

      The Seven Years' War

  • 8. 
    Which form of government was ruled by citizens who vote on laws?
    • A. 

      Direct democracy

    • B. 

      Monarchy

    • C. 

      Aristocracy

    • D. 

      Oligarchy

  • 9. 
    Which form of government was constituted by the US Constitution?
    • A. 

      Monarchy

    • B. 

      Aristocracy

    • C. 

      Oligarchy

    • D. 

      Republic

  • 10. 
    What was the Renaissance a rebirth of?
    • A. 

      Christian devotion

    • B. 

      Art, learning, academics, and the great classical works of the Greeks and Romans

    • C. 

      Chivalry and tournaments

    • D. 

      Good health after the plague

  • 11. 
    The study of classical texts caused humanists to focus on what subject?
    • A. 

      Human potential and achievements

    • B. 

      An understanding of early Christianity

    • C. 

      An understanding of ancient Muslim values

    • D. 

      Roman law and government

  • 12. 
    For what is the Medici family famous?
    • A. 

      For being artists

    • B. 

      For being writers

    • C. 

      For being powerful rulers and supporters of the arts

    • D. 

      For being religious reformers

  • 13. 
    What was the first full-sized book Gutenberg printed?
    • A. 

      Utopia

    • B. 

      Romeo and Juliet

    • C. 

      The Bible

    • D. 

      The Prince

  • 14. 
    What kind of person represented the ideal of the "Renaissance man"?
    • A. 

      Someone who enjoyed worldly pleasures

    • B. 

      Someone who excelled in many areas of study

    • C. 

      Someone who specialized in only one field of study

    • D. 

      Someone who supported and appreciated the arts without creating art

  • 15. 
    The period of European history known as the Renaissance roughly covers the time from
    • A. 

      1100 to 1400.

    • B. 

      1200 to 1400.

    • C. 

      1300 to 1600.

    • D. 

      1500 to 1800.

  • 16. 
    The best synonym for secular is
    • A. 

      New.

    • B. 

      Worldly.

    • C. 

      Humane.

    • D. 

      Religious

  • 17. 
    To become known as an important patron, one most needed to be
    • A. 

      Wealthy.

    • B. 

      Creative.

    • C. 

      Religious.

    • D. 

      Intellectual.

  • 18. 
    The printing press was invented by
    • A. 

      Jan van Eyck.

    • B. 

      Johann Gutenberg.

    • C. 

      Peter Bruegel the Elder.

    • D. 

      Hans Holbein the Younger.

  • 19. 
    The Renaissance occurred after ____________.
    • A. 

      The American Revolution

    • B. 

      The Middle Ages

    • C. 

      Industrial Revolution

    • D. 

      The Age of Reason

  • 20. 
    Who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel?
    • A. 

      Dante

    • B. 

      Chaucer

    • C. 

      Savonarola

    • D. 

      Michelangelo

  • 21. 
    Italy is located on which continent?
    • A. 

      Europe

    • B. 

      Asia

    • C. 

      Africa

    • D. 

      North America

  • 22. 
    The biblical figure “David” was a popular subject for
    • A. 

      Sculptors.

    • B. 

      Actors.

    • C. 

      Writers

    • D. 

      Musicians

  • 23. 
    Who is the most famous English playwright?
    • A. 

      Childress

    • B. 

      Shakespeare

    • C. 

      Cervantes

    • D. 

      Dante

  • 24. 
    The Renaissance in England was associated with the queen. What was this era called?
    • A. 

      Revolutionary Era

    • B. 

      Paleolithic Age

    • C. 

      Elizabethan Age

    • D. 

      Victorian Age

  • 25. 
    Who declared himself the head of the English Church?
    • A. 

      Henry VIII

    • B. 

      John Knox

    • C. 

      Martin Luther

    • D. 

      Emperor Charles V

  • 26. 
    What was one of John Calvin's major teachings?
    • A. 

      Humanism

    • B. 

      Indulgences

    • C. 

      Adult baptism

    • D. 

      Predestination

  • 27. 
    Which of the following was one of Luther's main beliefs?
    • A. 

      Men and women cannot be forgiven of sins.

    • B. 

      Salvation is based on faith alone.

    • C. 

      Christians needed to be baptized again as adults.

    • D. 

      Good works were required for salvation.

  • 28. 
    The Peace of Augsburg ended a war between the supporters of which two groups?
    • A. 

      French Catholics and Huguenots

    • B. 

      Roman Catholics and Anglicans

    • C. 

      Catholic and Protestant German princes

    • D. 

      England and Spain

  • 29. 
    The followers of John Knox became known as
    • A. 

      Presbyterians.

    • B. 

      Lutherans.

    • C. 

      Quakers.

    • D. 

      Amish.

  • 30. 
    Predestination was one of the main doctrines of
    • A. 

      Theocracy.

    • B. 

      Calvinism.

    • C. 

      The Catholic Reformation.

    • D. 

      Lutheranism.

  • 31. 
    What is it called to set aside a marriage because it is not legal?
    • A. 

      Annul

    • B. 

      Suspend

    • C. 

      Divorce

    • D. 

      Recant

  • 32. 
    Which official law of Parliament made the monarch the head of the church instead of the pope?
    • A. 

      The Edict of Worms

    • B. 

      The Council of Trent

    • C. 

      The Peace of Augsburg

    • D. 

      The Act of Supremacy

  • 33. 
    Whom did Henry VIII want to marry badly enough to prompt his break with the Roman Catholic Church and the pope?
    • A. 

      Catherine of Aragon

    • B. 

      Anne Boleyn

    • C. 

      Annul

    • D. 

      Elizabeth I

  • 34. 
    Why did Henry VIII want a boy so badly?
    • A. 

      He had a dream that only a boy could be the next king.

    • B. 

      He wanted a smooth transition to a new leader after he died.

    • C. 

      He wanted to be like Charles V.

    • D. 

      He hated women.

  • 35. 
    Secularism and individualism of the Renaissance _______________ the authority of the Catholic Church.
    • A. 

      Supported

    • B. 

      Reinforced

    • C. 

      Challenged

    • D. 

      Added to

  • 36. 
    Martin Luther’s greatest complaint against the Catholic Church was _____________.
    • A. 

      The selling of indulgences

    • B. 

      Corrupt popes

    • C. 

      Mean priests

    • D. 

      Uneducated priests

  • 37. 
    When Martin Luther would not recant, Pope Leo X ____________________.
    • A. 

      Retired

    • B. 

      Promoted him

    • C. 

      Fired him

    • D. 

      Excommunicated him

  • 38. 
    What is a heretic?
    • A. 

      Someone who goes against church teachings about God.

    • B. 

      A post Renaissance merchant.

    • C. 

      A city dwelling laborer.

    • D. 

      A type of witch.

  • 39. 
    What is a theocracy?
    • A. 

      Single man rule.

    • B. 

      Rule by a small group of men.

    • C. 

      Rule by yourself.

    • D. 

      Rule by church officials.

  • 40. 
    Why did Shah Jahan order the building of the Taj Mahal?
    • A. 

      To honor his grandfather, Akbar

    • B. 

      In memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal

    • C. 

      To encourage Hindus and Muslims to worship together

    • D. 

      As a memorial for Guru Arjun, the Sikh leader

  • 41. 
    What are the two main types of Muslim called?
    • A. 

      Sunni and Shi’a

    • B. 

      Turks and Kurds

    • C. 

      Arabs and Turks

    • D. 

      Urebs and Tazjiks

  • 42. 
    This is a NOT question. Which was not one of the three Muslim Empires?
    • A. 

      Ottoman

    • B. 

      Byzantine

    • C. 

      Safavid

    • D. 

      Mughal

  • 43. 
    Who were janissaries?
    • A. 

      A fighting force of 30,000 men who were Christian boys trained to be loyal to the Sultan only

    • B. 

      Trained assassins

    • C. 

      Traders of spices

    • D. 

      Templars

  • 44. 
    What was the Ottoman religion?
    • A. 

      Sunni

    • B. 

      Shi’a

    • C. 

      Hindu

    • D. 

      Christian

  • 45. 
    What was the Safavid religion?
    • A. 

      Sunni

    • B. 

      Shi’a

    • C. 

      Hindu

    • D. 

      Christian

  • 46. 
    What did Europeans buy from the Safavid Empire?
    • A. 

      Salt

    • B. 

      Carpets

    • C. 

      Slaves

    • D. 

      Ships

  • 47. 
    What is a power vacuum?
    • A. 

      Floor sweeper

    • B. 

      Lack of strong government

    • C. 

      16th century military tactic

    • D. 

      Type of trade route

  • 48. 
    Why was the caravel an important development in navigation?
    • A. 

      It was able to sail against the wind.

    • B. 

      It was able to sail in shallow waters.

    • C. 

      It was able to withstand storms at sea.

    • D. 

      It was able to carry large numbers of crew members.

  • 49. 
    Which two countries did NOT actively seek trade?
    • A. 

      Portugal and France

    • B. 

      France and the Netherlands

    • C. 

      China and Portugal

    • D. 

      China and Japan

  • 50. 
    What were Europeans' main motives for making voyages of exploration?
    • A. 

      To test their new technology

    • B. 

      To grow wealthy with spice trade and spread Christianity

    • C. 

      To break the Portuguese monopoly on trade

    • D. 

      To gain extra land for a growing population

  • 51. 
    How did Prince Henry influence exploration?
    • A. 

      He was the first to sail around the southern tip of Africa.

    • B. 

      He founded a navigational school on the coast.

    • C. 

      He invented the caravel, a sturdier ship with triangular sails.

    • D. 

      He improved the astrolabe and invented the compass.

  • 52. 
    Who was forbidden in China's Forbidden City?
    • A. 

      Government workers

    • B. 

      The emperor

    • C. 

      Commoners and foreigners

    • D. 

      Emperors family members

  • 53. 
    Which nation did Prince Henry lead in overseas exploration?
    • A. 

      England

    • B. 

      Spain

    • C. 

      Portugal

    • D. 

      The Netherlands

  • 54. 
    In the 1400s, what was the most important trade good from the East?
    • A. 

      Tea

    • B. 

      Silk

    • C. 

      Spices

    • D. 

      Porcelain

  • 55. 
    The Chinese Muslim explorer ______ led seven voyages of exploration that ranged from Southeast Asia to eastern Africa.
    • A. 

      Yonglo

    • B. 

      Zheng He

    • C. 

      Chao Ping

    • D. 

      Tokugawa

  • 56. 
    It was all about the _________.
    • A. 

      Fame

    • B. 

      Benjamins

    • C. 

      People

    • D. 

      Spices

  • 57. 
    Kangxi was an emperor of China's _________ Dynasty.
    • A. 

      Qing

    • B. 

      Tokugawa

    • C. 

      Fling

    • D. 

      Forbidden

  • 58. 
    What are lateen sails?
    • A. 

      New technology that helped to catch more fish

    • B. 

      Triangular sails that make sailing into the wind possible

    • C. 

      15th century hair design

    • D. 

      A new language from Italy

  • 59. 
    What made navigation easier?
    • A. 

      Shorter ships

    • B. 

      Multiple oars

    • C. 

      Astrolabe

    • D. 

      Higher look out towers

  • 60. 
    Who discovered America?
    • A. 

      Christopher Columbus

    • B. 

      Bartholomew Diaz

    • C. 

      Zheng He

    • D. 

      Vasco de Gama

  • 61. 
    Which country broke the Muslim and Italian spice trade?
    • A. 

      England

    • B. 

      Spain

    • C. 

      Portugal

    • D. 

      France

  • 62. 
    What was this the symbol of?
    • A. 

      Tokugawa

    • B. 

      Order of Very Christians

    • C. 

      Dutch East India Company

    • D. 

      Vocational Merchants

  • 63. 
    The Dutch East India Company was 
    • A. 

      The smallest single entrepreneur in Europe.

    • B. 

      Only successful at tobacco trade.

    • C. 

      A joint stock company chartered to colonize Asia for the Netherlands.

    • D. 

      The last company to list Queen Elizabeth as the CEO.

  • 64. 
    Japan became very ___________ under the Tokugawa Shogunate.
    • A. 

      Poor

    • B. 

      Small

    • C. 

      Isolated

    • D. 

      Slow

  • 65. 
    Where in the Americas did Christopher Columbus land first?
    • A. 

      An island in the Caribbean Sea

    • B. 

      The southern tip of South America

    • C. 

      The coast of what is today Panama

    • D. 

      The eastern coast of North America

  • 66. 
    What did the encomienda system provide for conquistadors of New Spain?
    • A. 

      More land

    • B. 

      More settlers

    • C. 

      Military protection

    • D. 

      A cheap labor source

  • 67. 
     __________ marched his force of about 600 men through Mexico to conquer the Aztec Empire. 
    • A. 

      Christopher Columbus

    • B. 

      Hernándo Cortés

    • C. 

      Ponce de Leon

    • D. 

      King Ferdinand

  • 68. 
    On Christopher Columbus's second voyage to the Americas he established ______  in the Caribbean. 
    • A. 

      Spanish colonies

    • B. 

      Spice trade

    • C. 

      Light houses

    • D. 

      The fur trade

  • 69. 
    The __________ were Spanish explorers who conquered and colonized areas of what are now Mexico, South America, and the United States. 
    • A. 

      Captains

    • B. 

      Missionaries

    • C. 

      Pilgrims

    • D. 

      Conquistadors

  • 70. 
    Montezuma, the leader of the __________, fell out of favor with his subjects over his response to the Spanish conquest. 
    • A. 

      Arawak people of the Caribbean

    • B. 

      Aztec people of Mexico

    • C. 

      Iroquois people of the Great Lakes

    • D. 

      Timucuan people of North Florida

  • 71. 
    Christopher Columbus named the native people in the East Indies “los indios” which means _____________ in English.
    • A. 

      Losdians

    • B. 

      The planters

    • C. 

      Indians

    • D. 

      People of God

  • 72. 
    How did “America” get named after Amerigo Vespucci?
    • A. 

      He discovered America.

    • B. 

      He discovered South America.

    • C. 

      It appeared on a map as part of encomienda.

    • D. 

      After reviewing Amerigo’s maps of South America, a German mapmaker put “Amerigo” on a map and the name stuck. It changed slightly to the term that we know today as “America”.

  • 73. 
    Who sailed around the world for the Spanish crown and was killed in the Philippines?
    • A. 

      Christopher Columbus

    • B. 

      Ferdinand Magellan

    • C. 

      Vasco de Gama

    • D. 

      Pedro Menendez de Avilles

  • 74. 
    Who is your teacher’s favorite explorer?
    • A. 

      Hernándo de Soto

    • B. 

      Christopher Columbus

    • C. 

      Ponce de Leon

    • D. 

      Dora the Explorer

  • 75. 
    What killed the largest number of native people?
    • A. 

      Attack dogs

    • B. 

      Diseases

    • C. 

      Guns

    • D. 

      Justin Beber songs

  • 76. 
    In 1532, _____________and his army defeated the Inca by killing a largely unarmed group and then kidnapping and murdering their king.
    • A. 

      Christopher Columbus

    • B. 

      Francisco Pizarro

    • C. 

      Ponce de Leon

    • D. 

      Hernándo Cortés

  • 77. 
    Who was the last Inca ruler?
    • A. 

      Melano

    • B. 

      Popé

    • C. 

      Atahualpa

    • D. 

      Montezuma

  • 78. 
    Spanish Catholic priests set up ___________ throughout the Southwest and Southeast of what would become the USA.
    • A. 

      Sugar plantations

    • B. 

      Colleges

    • C. 

      Missions

    • D. 

      Pig farms

  • 79. 
    Which explorer spent the most time in Alabama of any explorer?
    • A. 

      Hernándo de Soto

    • B. 

      Hernándo Cortés

    • C. 

      Ponce de Leon

    • D. 

      Coronado

  • 80. 
    What is the oldest city in the USA in continuous existence?
    • A. 

      Santa Domingo

    • B. 

      Jamestown

    • C. 

      St. Augustine

    • D. 

      New York City

  • 81. 
    In 1565 who founded the oldest city in the USA?
    • A. 

      Hernándo de Soto

    • B. 

      Pedro Menendez de Avilles

    • C. 

      Ponce de Leon

    • D. 

      Christopher Columbus

  • 82. 
    What was the main economic activity in New France?
    • A. 

      Finding gold and spices

    • B. 

      Building a fur trade

    • C. 

      Finding religious freedom

    • D. 

      Creating long-term colonial investments

  • 83. 
    Which of the following areas was originally founded as a settlement by the Dutch?
    • A. 

      Quebec

    • B. 

      Montreal

    • C. 

      New York

    • D. 

      Massachusetts

  • 84. 
    What did ships transport on the "middle passage"?
    • A. 

      Coins and sugar

    • B. 

      Enslaved Africans

    • C. 

      Rum and cotton

    • D. 

      Manufactured goods

  • 85. 
    What did England export in the triangle trade system?
    • A. 

      Salt, fruit, and wines

    • B. 

      Sugar, molasses, and fruit

    • C. 

      Manufactured goods

    • D. 

      Bills of exchange

  • 86. 
    From where did New England, New York, and Philadelphia import enslaved Africans?
    • A. 

      West Africa

    • B. 

      Charleston

    • C. 

      Southern Africa

    • D. 

      West Indies (islands in the Caribbean)

  • 87. 
    Where were sugar plantations located?
    • A. 

      West Indies and Brazil

    • B. 

      Only Africa

    • C. 

      Spain, Portugal, the Azores, Madeira Islands

    • D. 

      New England, New York, Philadelphia

  • 88. 
    What did the British colonies of North America primarily export to England?
    • A. 

      Manufactured goods

    • B. 

      Slaves

    • C. 

      Sugar, tobacco, and cotton

    • D. 

      Textiles, guns, and ammunition

  • 89. 
    How did the "middle passage" get its name?
    • A. 

      It traveled through the middle of the Pacific Ocean.

    • B. 

      It traveled in between, or in the middle of, all the continents.

    • C. 

      It was the second part, or middle part, of the triangular trade.

    • D. 

      The enslaved Africans traveled in the middle of the ship.

  • 90. 
    According to the policy of mercantilism, how could a nation increase its wealth?
    • A. 

      It should center its wealth and power in its government.

    • B. 

      It should spread its wealth and power among private individuals.

    • C. 

      It should sell more goods than it buys from other countries.

    • D. 

      It should buy more goods than it sells to other countries.

  • 91. 
    The colony of __________ was the first permanent English settlement established in the New World. 
    • A. 

      St. Augustine

    • B. 

      Jamestown

    • C. 

      Santa Domingo

    • D. 

      Plymouth

  • 92. 
    To maintain a favorable balance of trade in comparing exports and imports, it is the value of the _________ that must be higher. 
    • A. 

      Gold

    • B. 

      Exports

    • C. 

      Imports

    • D. 

      Silver

  • 93. 
    The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas is known as ___________________.
    • A. 

      The Middle Passage

    • B. 

      The Columbian Exchange

    • C. 

      The Triangle Trade System

    • D. 

      Mercantilism

  • 94. 
    Tomatoes and pumpkins are  __________ items.
    • A. 

      New World

    • B. 

      Old World

  • 95. 
    Goats, flu, and rice are all ___________ items.
    • A. 

      New World

    • B. 

      Old World

  • 96. 
    Kidney beans, corn, and squash are all __________ items.
    • A. 

      New World

    • B. 

      Old World

  • 97. 
    Wheat, oats, and cattle are all ___________ items.
    • A. 

      New World

    • B. 

      Old World

  • 98. 
    Sugar, bananas, and hogs are all ___________ items.
    • A. 

      New World

    • B. 

      Old World