Midterm Exam Kommunikasjon Quiz

106 Questions | Total Attempts: 81

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Midterm Exam Kommunikasjon Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does "ethos" mean?
    • A. 

      Logic and reassurance

    • B. 

      Emotion and logic

    • C. 

      Trust and authority

    • D. 

      Logic and trust

  • 2. 
    What does "logos" mean?
    • A. 

      Logic and trust

    • B. 

      Logic and reasoning

    • C. 

      Logic and emotion

    • D. 

      Logic and authority

  • 3. 
    What does "pathos" mean?
    • A. 

      Beliefs and logic

    • B. 

      Emotion and logic

    • C. 

      Beliefs and trust

    • D. 

      Beliefs and emotion

  • 4. 
    If you combine logos, pathos and ethos, you get....
    • A. 

      The three pillars of ressonance

    • B. 

      The three pillars of communication

    • C. 

      The three pillars of philosophy

    • D. 

      The three pillars of persuasion

  • 5. 
    These options are 50/50 QUANTITATIVE research and QUALITATIVE research. Check the boxes that are forms of QUANTITATIVE research.
    • A. 

      Using surveys

    • B. 

      Conduct experiments

    • C. 

      Frequency and amount

    • D. 

      Text analysis

    • E. 

      Ethnography

    • F. 

      Historical research

  • 6. 
    Name an example of quantitive research.
    • A. 

      Experiments

    • B. 

      Text analysis

    • C. 

      Historical research

    • D. 

      Ethnography

  • 7. 
    Name an example of qualitative research.
    • A. 

      Experiments

    • B. 

      Surveys

    • C. 

      Text analysis

    • D. 

      Frequency

  • 8. 
    What does "triangulation" mean?
    • A. 

      Studying something in three ways

    • B. 

      Studying something in multiple ways

    • C. 

      Studying something two ways

    • D. 

      Studying something very thoroughly

  • 9. 
    What do we use "rhetorical criticism" for?
    • A. 

      Examining a text to see how it works communicatively

    • B. 

      Examining ourselves to see how we works communicatively

    • C. 

      Conducting research in communication

    • D. 

      Conducting research in rhetorics

  • 10. 
    What do we mean by "selective perception"?
    • A. 

      That some people see colors differently than others

    • B. 

      That we notice coldness before we notice heat

    • C. 

      That we pay attention to what matters to us

    • D. 

      That we hear quiet sounds easier than loud sounds

  • 11. 
    What do we mean by "perception"?
    • A. 

      The ability to perce something

    • B. 

      The way something is understood

    • C. 

      The way something is said

    • D. 

      The ability to see

  • 12. 
    What does "data organization" mean?
    • A. 

      That we organize our computer files

    • B. 

      That we can't always understand what we percieve

    • C. 

      That we don't always hear everything that is said

    • D. 

      That we organize the things we percieve in our minds

  • 13. 
    What is "schemata"?
    • A. 

      "Boxes" in our head that we store information in

    • B. 

      Charts that we can use to determine someone's facial expressions

    • C. 

      The act of researching vocal communication

    • D. 

      Another name for body language

  • 14. 
    What is another term for "schemata"?
    • A. 

      Cognitive boxes

    • B. 

      Information structures

    • C. 

      Cognitive information

    • D. 

      Cognitive structures

  • 15. 
    What are the four elements of "schemata"?
    • A. 

      Prototype, stereotype, cognitive scripts and personal information

    • B. 

      Prototype, stereotype, personal construct and script

    • C. 

      Stereotype, xenotype, personal construct and script

    • D. 

      Prototype, xenotype, personal construct and script

  • 16. 
    What does "script" mean?
    • A. 

      A representative of a category

    • B. 

      A generalization of a category

    • C. 

      A guide to action in particular situations

    • D. 

      A representative of our cognitive constructs

  • 17. 
    What is a "prototype"?
    • A. 

      A guide to social interactions

    • B. 

      The most representative example of a category

    • C. 

      The most generalized representative of a category

    • D. 

      A measurement of a category

  • 18. 
    What is "personal construct"?
    • A. 

      A mental yardstick we use to measure people and situations

    • B. 

      A generalized way to measure people and situations

    • C. 

      A way to measure our own social interactions

    • D. 

      A way to measure someone else's social skills

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is an example of a prototype?
    • A. 

      Blondes are usually stupid

    • B. 

      Women usually have breasts

    • C. 

      Men usually have long fingernails

    • D. 

      Muslims usually wear turbans

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is an example of a stereotype?
    • A. 

      Men have long hair

    • B. 

      Americans are fat

    • C. 

      Gingers have souls

    • D. 

      Blondes are smart

  • 21. 
    What is "interpretation"?
    • A. 

      Assigning subjective meaning to what we percieve

    • B. 

      An objective way to percieve the world around us

    • C. 

      An objective way to read other people's body language

    • D. 

      An objective way to understand our own facial expressions

  • 22. 
    What is "attribution"?
    • A. 

      Explaining someone's body language.

    • B. 

      Explaining why we have stereotypes

    • C. 

      Explaining why we organize our schemata

    • D. 

      Explaining why things happen and why people act like they do

  • 23. 
    What are the four dimensions of attributions?
    • A. 

      Locus, pathos, globality and external

    • B. 

      External, internal, global and locus

    • C. 

      Locus, stability, specificity and responsibility

    • D. 

      Stability, internal, external and specificity

  • 24. 
    What is "the self-serving bias"?
    • A. 

      That we think our own success is a result of us being good

    • B. 

      That we think someone else's success is a result of them being good

    • C. 

      That we think our own failure is our own fault

    • D. 

      That we think someone else's failure is our fault

  • 25. 
    Which statement is true for "the self-serving bias"?
    • A. 

      My friend got an A and I got a C, that must mean he studied more than me

    • B. 

      My friend got an A and I got a C, that must mean he's better than me

    • C. 

      My friend got an A and I got a C, that must mean my teacher hates me

    • D. 

      My friend got an A and I got a C, that must mean I should study more next time

  • 26. 
    What are the three features of language?
    • A. 

      Institutional, ordinary and abstract

    • B. 

      Arbitrary, ambiguous and abstract

    • C. 

      Ordinary, ambiguous and abstract

    • D. 

      Abstract, ordinary and institutional

  • 27. 
    Which of these words is "arbitrary"?
    • A. 

      Chat room

    • B. 

      Sex

    • C. 

      Beauty

    • D. 

      Nigger

  • 28. 
    Which of these words are "ambiguous"?
    • A. 

      Car

    • B. 

      Humor

    • C. 

      Still

    • D. 

      Evil

  • 29. 
    Which of these words are "abstract"?
    • A. 

      Chair

    • B. 

      Pussy

    • C. 

      Beauty

    • D. 

      Liver

  • 30. 
    What is the most abstract way to describe your friend Camilla?
    • A. 

      Human female

    • B. 

      Living being

    • C. 

      Human

    • D. 

      Primate

  • 31. 
    What's the most concrete way to describe your friend Camilla?
    • A. 

      Homo sapiens

    • B. 

      Animal

    • C. 

      Mammal

    • D. 

      Human female

  • 32. 
    Which of these ways of describing tennis is more abstract?
    • A. 

      A game

    • B. 

      A game played by two people

    • C. 

      A game played by two people, each with their own racket, and a green ball they shoot to each other over a net

    • D. 

      A game played by humans

  • 33. 
    What is a "brute fact"?
    • A. 

      Something that cannot be explained

    • B. 

      Something that we can explain

    • C. 

      A phenomenon that is defined in the dictionary

    • D. 

      When we know very well how something works

  • 34. 
    What are "insitutional facts"?
    • A. 

      A way to explain brute facts

    • B. 

      Personal meanings we assign to brute facts

    • C. 

      Another name for brute facts

    • D. 

      A fact that doesn't need explaining

  • 35. 
    When you see this picture, you immediately know that it is a classroom. Is this a brute fact or an institutional fact?
    • A. 

      Brute fact

    • B. 

      Institutional fact

  • 36. 
    In this classroom, you know that there is education being done. Is this a brute fact or institutional fact?
    • A. 

      Brute fact

    • B. 

      Institutional fact

  • 37. 
    There are two kinds of rules in communication. What are they?
    • A. 

      Institutional rules and constitutive rules

    • B. 

      Institutional rules and abstract rules

    • C. 

      Abstract rules and regulative rules

    • D. 

      Regulative rules and constitutive rules

  • 38. 
    Regulative rules........
    • A. 

      Specify how non-verbal communication works

    • B. 

      Specify how cognitive ressonance works

    • C. 

      Specify where, when, how and with who we communicate about certain things

    • D. 

      Specify what is socially acceptable to say and what isn't

  • 39. 
    An example of a constitutive rule is....
    • A. 

      That I should keep myself professional when I'm in a business meeting

    • B. 

      That if someone is attentively listening to me, they respect what I have to say

    • C. 

      That there is a cognitive reason for social communication norms

    • D. 

      That I always say "excuse me" if I bump into someone on the street

  • 40. 
    Symbols can be used to define people. Which of these is an example of that?
    • A. 

      That's a chair.

    • B. 

      The car is red.

    • C. 

      She's a Republican.

    • D. 

      She's female.

  • 41. 
    To define someone only by using a label, is called....
    • A. 

      Totalitarism

    • B. 

      Totealiarism

    • C. 

      Totalizing

    • D. 

      Totaldenouncing

  • 42. 
    What is "loaded language"?
    • A. 

      When someone uses a lot more words than they need to

    • B. 

      When someone uses too few words to describe something and you don't understand them

    • C. 

      When someone uses specific language to make you feel an emotion

    • D. 

      When someone is very plain in their language

  • 43. 
    Which of these examples contain "loaded language"?
    • A. 

      The car is red

    • B. 

      The lobster is tender

    • C. 

      My mother is old

    • D. 

      My friend is 21 years old

  • 44. 
    Which of these is NOT nonverbal communication?
    • A. 

      Smiling

    • B. 

      The jacket you're wearing

    • C. 

      The words you speak

    • D. 

      Waving your hand

  • 45. 
    Does nonverbal communication reflect our culture?
    • A. 

      It doesn't. All nonverbal communication is the same for all humans.

    • B. 

      It does. Our nonverbal communication says something about where we're from and our culture.

  • 46. 
    Which of these people do you think is sad, based on their nonverbal communication?
    • A. 

      Option 2

    • B. 

      Option 3

    • C. 

      Option 1

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 47. 
    How much of our communication is nonverbal?
    • A. 

      20-35%

    • B. 

      65-93%

    • C. 

      43-65%

    • D. 

      76-83%

  • 48. 
    When we listen, we don't just use our ears. Which of these do we also do?
    • A. 

      Read their lips

    • B. 

      Talk

    • C. 

      Look at their facial expressions

    • D. 

      Hear the sounds they make

    • E. 

      Notice their body language

  • 49. 
    When someone is done talking to you, what are some good ways to respond?
    • A. 

      Kicking them

    • B. 

      Ask questions about what they said

    • C. 

      Saying what you've been waiting to say while they were talking

    • D. 

      Express interest in what they said

    • E. 

      Use your body language to show them you understood what they said

  • 50. 
    Check the boxes that are TRUE!
    • A. 

      Sometimes we don't hear everything that is said

    • B. 

      We listen to people with the same level of interest, no matter who they are

    • C. 

      How well we listen can depend on where we are and what we're doing

    • D. 

      Other people's body language can help us understand what they're saying

    • E. 

      We always remember everything that's been said

  • 51. 
    It can be hard to listen to someone if.....
    • A. 

      They speak loud and clear

    • B. 

      If we're thinking about something else

    • C. 

      If we're waiting to say what we want to say

    • D. 

      There are distractions around us

    • E. 

      We are in a quiet room, just the two of us

    • F. 

      They talk really fast, or with a strange accent or dialect

  • 52. 
    Which of these should you NOT do when listening to someone?
    • A. 

      Being preoccupied with other thoughts

    • B. 

      Not give a shit about what they're saying

    • C. 

      We judge them before they start talking

    • D. 

      If they speak too quietly and you can't hear, politely ask them to speak louder

    • E. 

      Interrupting them while they speak

    • F. 

      Focus on them

  • 53. 
    Which of these is TRUE about culture?
    • A. 

      Your culture is your whole identity

    • B. 

      You cannot be a part of two cultures

    • C. 

      Your culture shapes how you communicate

    • D. 

      Cultures are not important when it comes to communication

  • 54. 
    When it comes to low-context in business, which option is true?
    • A. 

      Friendship is more important than business

    • B. 

      Agreements are made by legal contracts

    • C. 

      Agreements are founded on trust

    • D. 

      Negotiations are slow

  • 55. 
    When it comes to high-context in business, which option is true?
    • A. 

      Agreements are made by legal contract

    • B. 

      Negotiations are efficient

    • C. 

      Business comes before friendship

    • D. 

      Credability is established through relationships

  • 56. 
    Check the boxes that are TRUE for low-context business.
    • A. 

      Negotiations take a long time

    • B. 

      Lawyers and legality are very important

    • C. 

      Negotiations are efficient and quick

    • D. 

      This type of business culture is common in Japan

    • E. 

      A person's word is not enough, you need a legal contract

  • 57. 
    Check the boxes that are TRUE for high-context business.
    • A. 

      Lawyers are not that important.

    • B. 

      Negotiations are efficient and quick.

    • C. 

      There are often cultural rituals surrounding negotiations.

    • D. 

      This type of business culture is common in Germany

    • E. 

      This type of business culture is common in the Middle East

    • F. 

      A person's word is solid, you don't need a legal contract

  • 58. 
    Those who communicate well have a strong advantage in their...... (check the boxes that are TRUE)
    • A. 

      Personal lives

    • B. 

      Civic lives

    • C. 

      Professional lives

    • D. 

      Social lives

  • 59. 
    What are the three steps of the perception process?
    • A. 

      Listening, understanding and responding

    • B. 

      Selecting data, organizing the data and interpreting the data

    • C. 

      Attributing the data, organizing the data and interpreting the data

    • D. 

      Listening, organizing the and interpreting the data

  • 60. 
    What do we mean by "selecting data from the environment" (perception)?
    • A. 

      We percieve everything, and then later we discard the data we don't need

    • B. 

      We manually select what we percieve

    • C. 

      We don't manually select data, other people do it for us

    • D. 

      We don't manually select data, we do it unconsciously

  • 61. 
    Check the boxes that are TRUE about perception
    • A. 

      We select the data we percieve manually

    • B. 

      Our perception can change based on our setting

    • C. 

      Our perception can change based on cultural factors

    • D. 

      When we perceive something, 100% of it is stored in our minds

    • E. 

      We remember everything we percieve

    • F. 

      Assigning meaning to what we percieve is called "interpretation"

    • G. 

      People with different social roles can percieve things differently

  • 62. 
    Check the boxes that are TRUE when it comes to language
    • A. 

      Our language is understood by everyone exactly the same

    • B. 

      Language allows self-reflection

    • C. 

      It is not possible to misunderstand someone's language

    • D. 

      We use the same language in all settings

    • E. 

      The language we use can be a reflection of our culture

    • F. 

      We use the same language when we talk to our friends as we do when we talk to our boss

    • G. 

      Language allows hypothetical thought

  • 63. 
    Check the boxes that TRUE.
    • A. 

      Communicating with others can help us learn about ourselves

    • B. 

      Good communication leads to bad health

    • C. 

      All professions are dependent on good communication

    • D. 

      It can be difficult to know when communication starts and when it stops

    • E. 

      We can't use symbols to communicate

    • F. 

      We always perceive 100% of everything

    • G. 

      Prototypes are positive

  • 64. 
    Communication is a brand new field of study.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    The study of communication began in Greece
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 66. 
    The study of communication is over 2500 years old.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 67. 
    "Triangulation" means studying something in multiple ways
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 68. 
    Communication is a study that is constantly developing
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    Perception is how we interpret what we see
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 70. 
    Everyone interprets things exactly the same
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 71. 
    The self-serving bias can distort our perception
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 72. 
    Empathy is a type of cognitive ability
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 73. 
    Our social role can influence our perception
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 74. 
    Perception is a process
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 75. 
    Language allows us to remember and plan things
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 76. 
    A symbol is an idea, it can never be an object
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 77. 
    The tree "features of language" are institution, arbitrary and organizational
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 78. 
    An arbitrary word can be interpreted by differently by different people
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 79. 
    If something is abstract, it means it's clearly defined
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 80. 
    Communication is guided by regulative rules and constitutive rules
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 81. 
    How we punctuate our language changes how it's interpreted
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 82. 
    An institutional fact is something that cannot be explained
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 83. 
    Regulative rules tell us how to act in different settings
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 84. 
    Defining a person by using only a symbol (like saying "she's a Republican") is called totalitarism
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 85. 
    Symbols are understood equally by everyone
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 86. 
    Another word for schemata is "cognitive structures"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 87. 
    Nonverbal communication also includes silence or being silent
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 88. 
    Nonverbal communication does not reflects our culture
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 89. 
    There is only one type of handshake
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 90. 
    "Kinetics" refers to how close someone is standing to us
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 91. 
    Olfactics refers to how someone smells
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 92. 
    Our environmental setting does not affect our perception
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 93. 
    "Chronemics" refers to how we percieve and use time
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 94. 
    Hearing is the same as listening
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 95. 
    We always remember everything we hear
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 96. 
    These options are 50/50 "informal and critical listening" and "relationship listening". Check the boxes that are TRUE for INFORMAL AND CRITICAL LISTENING.
    • A. 

      Try to gain information and knowledge

    • B. 

      Make judgements about ideas or people

    • C. 

      Take notes

    • D. 

      Do research

    • E. 

      Not judge

    • F. 

      Personal relationship between communicators

    • G. 

      Express support

    • H. 

      Try to understand the other person's perspective

  • 97. 
    Being mindful means you are present in the moment
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 98. 
    What information we receive depends on our social roles
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 99. 
    We select what we perceive
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 100. 
    We can only be part of one culture at a time
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 101. 
    Low-context culture and high-context culture is basically the same
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 102. 
    Here in Norway we commonly use high-context culture
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False