Ulangan Ips Angkatan Kerja

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| By Seno.sudrajat.89
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Seno.sudrajat.89
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 172
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 172

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Ulangan Ips Angkatan Kerja - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Apakah yang dimaksud dengan tenaga kerja  dan jenisnya?

  • 2. 

    Jelaskan upaya pemerintah untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan tenaga kerja?

  • 3. 

    Jelaskan upaya pemerintah untuk meningkatkan kualitas tenaga kerja?

  • 4. 

    Bagaimanakah cara paling tepat untuk mengatasi penganguran?

  • 5. 

    Jelaskan dampak pengangguran?

  • 6. 

    Penduduk yang sudah memasuki usia kerja, baik yang sudah bekerja, belum bekerja, atau sedang mencari pekerjaan disebut ....

    • A.

      Tenaga kerja

    • B.

      Buruh

    • C.

      Angkatan kerja

    • D.

      Karyawan

    Correct Answer
    C. Angkatan kerja
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "angkatan kerja". Angkatan kerja refers to the population that is of working age, whether they are employed, unemployed, or actively seeking employment. It is a broader term compared to "tenaga kerja" which specifically refers to the labor force that is currently employed. "Buruh" refers to workers or laborers, and "karyawan" refers to employees. Therefore, "angkatan kerja" is the most appropriate term to describe the population of working age in this context.

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  • 7. 

    Menurut peraturan pemerintah Indonesia, yang dimaksud dengan usia kerja adalah ....

    • A.

      10 tahun sampai 60 tahun

    • B.

      15 tahun sampai 65 tahun

    • C.

      20 tahun sampai 65 tahun

    • D.

      25 tahun sampai 70 tahun

    Correct Answer
    B. 15 tahun sampai 65 tahun
    Explanation
    Menurut peraturan pemerintah Indonesia, usia kerja dimulai dari 15 tahun dan berakhir pada usia 65 tahun. Ini berarti bahwa seseorang dapat mulai bekerja pada usia 15 tahun dan harus pensiun pada usia 65 tahun.

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  • 8. 

    Agar dapat memperluas kesempatan kerja pemerintah melakukan ....

    • A.

      Menambah kursus-kursus

    • B.

      Menambah jumlah sekolah

    • C.

      Pengembangan industri padat karya

    • D.

      Pengembangan industri padat modal

    Correct Answer
    C. Pengembangan industri padat karya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pengembangan industri padat karya" because it means the government can create more job opportunities by developing labor-intensive industries. This can help reduce unemployment rates and improve the overall economy. By focusing on industries that require a large workforce, the government can provide employment opportunities for a larger number of people.

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  • 9. 

    Berikut adalah orang-orang yang termasuk dalam usia kerja, namun tidak termasuk dalam kelompok angkatan kerja, kecuali ....

    • A.

      Ibu rumah tangga

    • B.

      Lulusan SMA yang tidak melanjutkan sekolah

    • C.

      Para pensiunan

    • D.

      Mahasiswa

    Correct Answer
    B. Lulusan SMA yang tidak melanjutkan sekolah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "lulusan SMA yang tidak melanjutkan sekolah" because this group of people, who are high school graduates but did not continue their education, are not considered part of the workforce. The other options, such as housewives, retirees, and students, can still be considered part of the workforce in certain situations.

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  • 10. 

    Jika jumlah angkatan kerja tidak sebanding dengan kesempatan kerja, maka akan mengakibatkan ….

    • A.

      Rendahnya mutu tenaga kerja

    • B.

      Penurunan produktivitas

    • C.

      Meningkatnya pengangguran

    • D.

      Meningkatnya produktivitas

    Correct Answer
    C. Meningkatnya pengangguran
    Explanation
    If the number of workforce is not proportional to the job opportunities, it will result in an increase in unemployment.

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  • 11. 

    Untuk meningkatkan ketahanan fisik dalam bekerja dan meningkatkan kecerdasan tenaga kerja perlu adanya upaya dalam bidang ....

    • A.

      Pelatihan dan pendidikan

    • B.

      Penyaluran tenaga kerja

    • C.

      Perbaikan gizi

    • D.

      Pemagangan

    Correct Answer
    C. Perbaikan gizi
    Explanation
    To improve physical resilience in work and enhance the intelligence of the workforce, efforts in the field of improving nutrition are necessary.

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  • 12. 

    Untuk memperoleh informasi mengenai lowongan pekerjaan dan syarat yang diminta, para pencari kerja perlu banyak mendatangi ….

    • A.

      Perusahaan pencari tenaga kerja

    • B.

      Balai latihan kerja

    • C.

      Bursa tenaga kerja

    • D.

      Kawasan industri

    Correct Answer
    C. Bursa tenaga kerja
    Explanation
    In order to obtain information about job vacancies and the required qualifications, job seekers need to visit a "bursa tenaga kerja" or a job market. This is a place where employers advertise their job openings and job seekers can find information about available positions and the qualifications needed. Visiting a bursa tenaga kerja is important for job seekers to stay updated with the current job market and increase their chances of finding suitable employment opportunities.

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  • 13. 

    Negara A pada mulanya merupakan negara yang berkonsentrasi dalam bidang pertanian (agraris). Negara A mulai mengembangkan sektor industri. Peralihan ini dapat menimbulkan pengangguran

    • A.

      Siklikal

    • B.

      Struktural

    • C.

      Musiman

    • D.

      Friksional

    Correct Answer
    B. Struktural
    Explanation
    The correct answer is struktural. The passage states that Negara A is transitioning from an agricultural-based economy to developing its industrial sector. This transition can lead to structural unemployment, which occurs when there is a mismatch between the skills and qualifications of workers and the available job opportunities in the changing economy.

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  • 14. 

    Pak Joni adalah buruh bangunan. Saat masa proyek permbangunan rumah tiba ia bersama temanya bekerja pada kontraktor perumahan. Namun demikian masa pekerjaaan pak bono tidak  tenti mengingat proyek pembangunan perumahan tidak dilakukan setiap saat. Saat tidak ada proyek pak bono menganggur dan bekerja lagi apabila ada proyek pembangunan perumahan. illustrasi tersebut menunjukkan adanya pengangguran

    • A.

      Siklikal

    • B.

      Teknologi

    • C.

      Friksional

    • D.

      Musiman

    Correct Answer
    D. Musiman
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes Pak Joni's job as a construction worker, where he only works during the period of housing construction projects. During the off-season or when there are no construction projects, Pak Joni is unemployed. This situation indicates seasonal unemployment, where individuals experience temporary joblessness due to the nature of their work being dependent on specific seasons or periods.

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  • 15. 

    Mengurangi pengangguran dapat dilakukan dengan usaha berikut, kecuali

    • A.

      Program keluarga berencana

    • B.

      Membina kewirausahaan

    • C.

      Membuka balai latihan kerja

    • D.

      Mempermudah emigrasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Program keluarga berencana
    Explanation
    The given options suggest different ways to reduce unemployment. "Program keluarga berencana" translates to "family planning program" which is not directly related to reducing unemployment. Family planning programs are aimed at controlling population growth and promoting reproductive health, but they do not directly address the issue of unemployment. Therefore, it is the exception among the given options.

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  • 16. 

    Upah minimum regional (UMR) yang rendah meningkatkan kesejahteraan tenaga kerja

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    B. Salah
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect. A low regional minimum wage does not increase the welfare of workers. In fact, a low minimum wage can lead to lower income and poor living conditions for workers, as it may not be enough to cover their basic needs. A higher minimum wage, on the other hand, can improve the standard of living for workers and contribute to their overall well-being.

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  • 17. 

    Latihan untuk pengembangan keahlian dan keterampilan kerja (profesionalisme) tenaga kerja dengan mendirikan balai-balai latihan kerja dapat meningkatkan kualitas pekerjaan

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    A. Benar
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that practicing and developing skills and professionalism through training centers can improve the quality of work. This implies that by providing opportunities for workers to enhance their abilities and expertise, they can perform their jobs more effectively and efficiently. This can lead to improved productivity, higher standards of work, and overall better quality output.

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  • 18. 

    Mendirikan tempat latihan kerja seperti Balai Latihan Kerja (BLK) adalah bukan upaya mengatasi pengangguran

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    B. Salah
    Explanation
    Mendirikan tempat latihan kerja seperti Balai Latihan Kerja (BLK) adalah upaya untuk mengatasi pengangguran. Tempat latihan kerja seperti BLK memberikan pelatihan dan keterampilan kepada individu yang menganggur agar mereka dapat meningkatkan peluang mereka dalam mencari pekerjaan. Dengan memberikan pelatihan dan keterampilan yang sesuai, BLK membantu individu mengembangkan kemampuan mereka dan meningkatkan kualifikasi mereka sehingga mereka dapat bersaing dalam pasar tenaga kerja. Oleh karena itu, menyatakan bahwa mendirikan tempat latihan kerja seperti BLK bukan upaya mengatasi pengangguran adalah salah.

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  • 19. 

    Merebaknya kawasan slum (lingkungan kumuh) merupakan dampak dari pengangguran

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    A. Benar
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the spread of slum areas is a consequence of unemployment. This means that when there is a high rate of unemployment in an area, it leads to the growth of slums or impoverished neighborhoods. This can be explained by the fact that when people are unable to find stable employment and earn a decent income, they are more likely to live in poor conditions and lack access to basic amenities. The lack of economic opportunities and resources contributes to the formation and expansion of slums in the area.

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